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|Comune di Siculiana|
|• Mayor||Leonardo Lauricella|
|• Total||40 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||120 m (390 ft)|
(31 December 2017)
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||SS. Crucifix|
|Saint day||May 3|
According to some historians, the name derives from the distortion of the Arabic Suq al Jani ("John's market"), while others believe its origin stems from Suqu 'l Yuni or Supu 'l Yunani ("Market of the Greeks").
The medieval hamlet of Siculiana was founded in 1310 by Frederick II Chiaramonte, who constructed a castle, parts of which still exist today, on the ruins of the Arab fortress known as "Kalat Sugul", which had been destroyed in 1087 during the conquest of Sicily by Roger I.
Siculiana’s 13-kilometre (8 mi) long coast line is unspoiled and in the locality of Torre Salsa, a protected Regional Nature Reserve has been established due to its particular naturalistic and environmental interest.
Siculiana Marina is the seaside extension of Siculiana; it is a summer resort on the Strait of Sicily, once an important stop in the Mediterranean. The Port of Call (Scalo) of Siculiana Marina was historically an important commercial emporium. The Caricatore (Loading Dock) was still active up to the end of 19th century.
Territory and Nature
A few kilometers from the village you reach the beach of Siculiana Marina along the coast of the most beautiful and pristine throughout southern Italy where wild nature is reflected in a sea of glass.
Also in the territory of Siculiana it falls naurale Reserve of Torre Salsa - WWF - that preserves one of the most beautiful and wild areas of the coast, here nest tartarughe.Il Its coastline stretches for about 6 km and is an alternate of cliffs, dunes and immense and solitary beaches.
Behind the cliff there are natural terraces where is developed the agricultural landscape. These terraces, well-shaped, are engraved by several streams branched and very deep, as the stream and the stream Cannicella Hermit, which empties into the sea by building beautiful scenic views. Around these terraces, on the one hand the cliffs and the sea and on the other the more inaccessible and mountainous landscape that culminates in the peaks of Monte Stella with a slope overlooking the sea, Mount Dome on top of which you see signs of the quarries of inert materials now abandoned for years and Monte Hermit. Hermit between upstream and the promontory of Salsa - where stands the ruins of Torre Salsa - one sees a large depression characterized by the presence of the stream Salso called "Pantano"
The imposing Castello Chiaramonte built on the end of the rocky crust dominated, with its towers (formerly embattled) the country. Feature is the urban structure of the country, dominated by the dome in red and white stripes of the Mother Church, the Baroque era. Inside, the nave, is the Chapel of the Holy Cross, the patron saint of the country. In it is revered the Black Crucifix that it was brought in 1611 by the castle where he was previously kept.
- Francesco Agnello, Baron of Siculiana, musicologist, president of the Association "Amici della musica" - Palermo
- Frank Sivero, an American character actor
- Giuseppe Basile, Doctor surgeon - Doctor of Garibaldi
- Blasco Isfar e Corillas, Baron of Siculiana
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Introducing Siculiana, Siculiana on line
- (in Italian) Tra antiche seduzioni e nuovi richiami, by Enza Pecorelli, Siculiana on line
- "Frank Sivero Biography ((?)-)". Film Reference. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
Media related to Siculiana at Wikimedia Commons