|Born||20 September 1916
23 Bolckow Street, Shildon, County Durham
|Died||11 January 1986 (aged 69)
Ferryhill, County Durham
|Occupation||novelist, essayist, screenwriter|
|Notable works||The Day of the Sardine, The Watchers and the Watched|
Sid Chaplin OBE (20 September 1916 – 11 January 1986) was an English writer whose works (novels, television screenplays, poetry and short stories) are mostly set in the North East England of the 1940s and 1950s.
Chaplin was born into a Durham mining family and worked in pits as a teenager. In 1946 he won the Atlantic Award for Literature for his collection of short stories, The Leaping Lad. After another stint as a miner, Chaplin began writing full-time for the National Coal Board magazine from 1950. He later wrote for The Guardian, including theatre reviews, essays of social observation and, from 1963, his own column Northern Accent.
Chaplin's literary career pre-dated the so-called angry young men genre and has been credited as an influence on the late 1950s/early 1960s "kitchen sink" social realism of writers such as Alan Sillitoe and Stan Barstow. His 1961-2 novels The Day of the Sardine and The Watchers and the Watched have been cited as classics of "working class existentialism" and were reprinted by Flambard Press in 2004.
In 1968, playwright Alan Plater based his play and musical production Close The Coalhouse Door on Chaplin's early writings, set to songs by Alex Glasgow. The musical was revived in 2012. In 1976 Chaplin contributed to the writing of the TV series When The Boat Comes In. The following year he was awarded an OBE for services to the arts in the North East.
Chaplin died in 1986, and posthumous anthology In Blackberry Time was published the following year. In 1997, the Chaplin family deposited the bulk of Sid Chaplin's papers at Newcastle University's Robinson Library, Special Collections.
His son is Michael Chaplin.
- My Fate Cries Out (1949)
- The Thin Seam (1949, 1968)
- The Big Room (1960)
- The Day of the Sardine (1961, 2004)
- The Watchers and the Watched (1962, 2004)
- Sam in the Morning (1965)
- The Mines of Alabaster (1971)
- The Leaping Lad (1946, 1970)
- On Christmas Day in the Morning (1978)
- The Bachelor Uncle and Other Stories (1980)
- The Smell of Sunday Dinner (1971) [essays]
- A Tree With Rosy Apples (1972) [essays]
- In Blackberry Time (1987) [anthology]
- "The Making of a Working-Class Writer - An Interview with Sid Chaplin", in The British Working-Class Novel in the Twentieth Century, Jeremy Hawthorn [Ed.], 1984, Edward Arnold, London.
- Barstow, Stan. "Chaplin, Sidney". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/60264. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Sid Chaplin - British writer". Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- Nelsson, Richard (9 September 2011). "Sid Chaplin at the Guardian". Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Sid Chaplin Biography - (1916–86), The Day of the Sardine, The Watchers and the Watched, My Fate Cries Out". Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- Taylor, D. J. (29 April 2005). "Key to the sardine can". Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- Hickling, Alfred (3 May 2012). "Close the Coalhouse Door – review". Retrieved 17 July 2016.