1 October 1945|
Bridgwater, Somerset, England
|Died||31 August 2010
Rodley, Westbury-on-Severn, Gloucestershire
Sidney William "Sid" Rawle (1 October 1945 – 31 August 2010) was a British campaigner for peace and land rights, free festival organiser, and a former leader of the London squatters movement. Rawle was known to British tabloid journalists as 'The King of the Hippies', not a title he ever claimed for himself, but one that he did eventually co-opt for his unpublished autobiography.
He was born at Bridgwater, Somerset, and was the son of a horse-dealer on Exmoor, known to locals as "Dealer Rawle". His parents separated when he was a child. He was raised by his father and educated at Exton Village School and Minehead Comprehensive School. Dyslexia hampered his education, leading to him dropping out of school. He then lived for a time with his mother in Slough, where he worked as a park attendant, became active in his trade union and radical politics, and organised a strike in a local factory and a love-in in the municipal gardens.
After spending some time in St Ives, Cornwall, in the mid-1960s, he moved to London and became involved in the alternative scene. He was noted in those circles for his refusal to take drugs. Initially involved with a group called Tribe Of The Sun, he formed the Hyde Park Diggers who campaigned on the issues of land use and land ownership, concerns that were central to the rest of his life's actions. He formed the Digger Action Movement, with Barry Norcott and John Gillatt, which brought him into contact with John Lennon.
During the early 1960s, Rawle became increasingly involved in the London squatting scene (living for a period in a recently vacated vicarage in Gospel Oak). In 1969, he was one of the squatters of the London Street Commune who occupied a 100-room mansion at 144 Piccadilly and had to be evicted by Police. He was also involved in the free festival movement, as an organiser of the Windsor Free Festivals, and the 1974 Stonehenge Festival. After re-printing, as publisher of International Times, an article similar to the leaflet which had led to the imprisonment of Windsor Free Festival organiser Bill 'Ubi' Dwyer, Rawle was himself jailed for three months in 1975 to prevent him publicising that year's festival.
In 1970, John Lennon invited Rawle to establish a commune on Dorinish, a small island in Clew Bay, Ireland, which Lennon had owned since 1967. After surviving Atlantic storms, the commune eventually disbanded in 1972 after a fire destroyed their main stores tent. Lennon did contribute money towards Rawle's communes and other projects, and was reputed to have financed the film Winstanley, about Gerrard Winstanley, a charismatic leader of the Diggers movement, and in which Rawle had a role as a Ranter, which suited him admirably.
Tipi Valley commune
In 1976, he became one of the original residents of Tipi Valley, a tent commune near Llandeilo in Wales. During this period he joined the Ecology (later Green) Party, and used his festival experience to help set up the first Green Gathering at Worthy Farm, Glastonbury. The years of travelling to festivals and events had turned an ad hoc collection of people and vehicles into what became known as the Peace Convoy. He stayed at Tipi Valley until 1982 when he began to live permanently on the road and at convoy-associated communities. In 1983 he set up the Rainbow Village at a disused US air base at Molesworth, Cambridgeshire, a proposed cruise missile site, which was broken up by police in February 1985. The key event during all these years was the Stonehenge Free Festival. In 1985 the Peace Convoy was routed by violent police action at what became known as the Battle of the Beanfield; Sid had not yet moved on from the previous night's camp at Savernake Forest.
He wrote The Vision of Albion, an unpublished but widely publicised manifesto, in which he stated:
"In the end it all gets back to land. Looking back, I see that a link that runs through my life concerns the right to land and property on it. Shared out equally, there would be a couple of acres for every adult living in Britain. That would mean each family or group could have a reasonably sized small holding of ten or twenty acres and learn once again to become self sufficient. The present day reality is the reverse, with some folk owning hundreds of thousands of acres and others owning none. There’s talk of community in war time. We can be ordered to go and fight and die for Queen and country. In peace time is it too much to ask for just a few square yards of our green and pleasant land to rear our children on? That’s all we want, myself and the squatters and travellers and other people in the many projects I’ve been involved with. Just a few square yards of this land that we can in wartime be asked to go out and die for. And if we ever achieve that, what else? What else is what I call the Vision of Albion."
He eventually settled with his family at Hillersland near Berry Hill in the Forest of Dean, where he remained till his death at the age of 64. Here he ran the highly successful Forest Fayre for several years. After his involvement with Oak Dragon and Rainbow Circle camps, small festivals with a more participatory and spiritual inclination, he set up his own organisation, Rainbow 2000 (Now Rainbow Futures), which held a number of camps each summer, first at a site near Elton, and in recent years on top of a hill overlooking the River Severn near Rodley. He was sitting in a chair by the outside fire, while the last Rainbow 2000 Camp of the season (the SuperSpirit Camp) was being packed down by the crew, when he collapsed and died at 5.15p.m. on 31 August 2010, according to eyewitness accounts. He had at least seven children, by different mothers.
- May, John (2010-09-16). "Sid Rawle obituary: 'King of the Hippies', he fought for love, peace and land". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
- "Last Word - 17/09/2010". BBC Radio 4. BBC. 2010-09-17. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
- Sellers, Luke (September 2010). "Tributes paid to Sid, 'King of the Hippies' - Glastonbury Festival legend". thisisgloucestershire.co.uk. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- Rawle, Sid (September 2010). "King of the Hippies - Notes for an Alternative History of Britain 1960 - 2000". Jeremy Sandford. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
- Obituary, Daily Telegraph, 9 September 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
- Rawle, Sid (September 2010). "King of the Hippies - Chapter 2". Jeremy Sandford. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Rawle, Sid (September 2010). "King of the Hippies - Chapter 3". Jeremy Sandford. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Philip Carr-Gomm, In Memory of Sid Rawle, 1 September 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
- Aragon, David (September 2010). "Ghetto Raga". Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Worthington, Andy (8 September 2010). "RIP Sid Rawle, Land Reformer, Free Festival Pioneer, Stonehenge Stalwart". Andy Worthington. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Tom Hodgkinson (1 October 2005). Your Money Or Your Life. Ebury Publishing. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-09-190513-2.
- "International Times Vol 1 Issue 28". International Times. 5 April 1968. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Rawle, Sid (September 2010). "Vision Of Albion". Jeremy Sandford. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Gillatt, John. "John Gillatt, it's my life". Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- "Sid Rawle: death of a free festival veteran". September 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Rob Young (19 August 2010). Electric Eden: Unearthing Britain's Visionary Music. Faber & Faber. pp. 500–501. ISBN 978-0-571-25842-0.
- "International Times Vol 3 Issue 1". International Times. June 1975. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
- "International Times Vol 3 Issue 2". International Times. July 1975. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
- "Pop festival 'organiser' sent to jail". ukrockfestivals.com. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- "beatle-island"/ "John Lennon’s Irish "Beatle Island"". Private Islands magazine. October 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- Rawle, Sid (September 2010). "=King of the Hippies - Chapter 1". Jeremy Sandford. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- "IMDB page for Winstanley". imdb.com. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- "IMDB page for Sid Rawle". imdb.com. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- Rawle, Sid (September 2010). "=King of the Hippies - Chapter 8". Jeremy Sandford. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Interview with Sid Rawle
- Sid Rawle on The Hyde Park Diggers - IT 1968
- Hippies plan to buy Skerries Island - RTE Archives - Dublin 1969 - Sid Rawle and Frank Harris talk about possible Kibbutz/Commune in Ireland
- Obituaries - The Telegraph, 9 Sep - The Guardian, 15 Sep - BBC R4, 17 Sep - The Times, 27 Sep - The Independent, 1 Nov
- Sid Rawle on IMDb