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Siddiqui

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Siddiqui
(Urdu) صدیقی
Total population
Approx. 1,625,450[1][2][3]
Regions with significant populations
Pakistan Pakistan750,087
Bangladesh Bangladesh315,236
India India171,702
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia76,727
Afghanistan Afghanistan51,404
Algeria Algeria33,876
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates25,405
United States United States15,910
United Kingdom United Kingdom10,548
Morocco Morocco7,533
Languages
UrduHindiArabicDariPashtoEnglish
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Arab

Siddiqui (Urdu: صدیقی‎) are a Muslim Sheikh community, found mainly in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, and in expatriate communities in Saudi Arabia and Middle East Region. They claimed to be the descendants of Abu Bakr Siddiq.[4][5]

The title "As-Siddiq" (Arabic: الصديق‎) was given to the first Muslim Caliph (one of the Rashidun, or "Rightly guided" Caliphs), Abu Bakr, by Muhammad. His title "Siddiqui" is an attributive form of the Arabic As-Siddiq.[6][7] He was a companion and a father-in-law of Muhammad through his daughter Aisha.[8] The literal meaning of Siddiqui is "The Truthful". After the death of Muhammad, Abu Bakr assumed power, ruling over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE. In 634 CE, Abu Bakr fell ill from a sickness and died shortly thereafter. He was succeeded by Umar.

People

References

  1. ^ "Ethnologue". Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Ethnologue". Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Ethnologue". Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  4. ^ Khanam, Azra (30 August 2013). Muslim backward classes: a sociological perspective. ISBN 9788132118077.
  5. ^ Robinson, Rowena (20 February 2004). Sociology of religion in India. ISBN 9780761997818.
  6. ^ "Shaikh Siddiqui Home". www.shaikhsiddiqui.com. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  7. ^ "Abu Bakr". Encyclopedia of Islam (2nd ed.). His father was Abu Quhafa ..., and he is therefore sometimes known as Ibn Abi Quhafa. ... The names ‘Abd Allah and ‘Atiq ('freed slave') are attributed to him as well as Abu Bakr, but the relation of these names to one another and their original significance is not clear. ... He was later known by Sunni Muslims as al-Siddiq, the truthful, the upright, or the one who counts true
  8. ^ Juan Eduardo Campo, Encyclopedia of Islam, Infobase Publishing, 2009