Flag of Rashidun Caliphate, descendants of Siddiqui
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Siddiqui (Urdu: صدیقی) or Sheikh Siddiqui, are a Muslim community, found mainly in Pakistan, India, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh and Middle East Region. Siddiqui is a family name or surname belonging to the descendants of Abu Bakr, a companion and—through his daughter Aisha—a father-in-law of the Muhammad. The title "As-Siddiq" (Arabic: الصديق) was given to the first Muslim Caliph (one of the Rashidun, or "Rightly guided" Caliphs) Abu Bakr by Muhammad. Siddiqui is an attributive form of the Arabic As-Siddiq. The literal meaning of Siddiqui is "The Truthful". In North India and in Pakistan, the community are known as Sheikh or Sheikh Siddiqui.
Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddīq ‘Abdallāh bin Abī Quḥāfah (Arabic: أبو بكر الصديق عبد الله بن أبي قحافة; c. 573 CE – 23 August 634 CE), popularly known as Abu Bakr, was a companion and—through his daughter Aisha—a father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abu Bakr was born in Mecca in 573 CE to Uthman Abu Quhafa and Salma Umm al-Khair. He is commonly regarded as the fourth person to have accepted Islam, after Khadija bint Khuwaylid, Ali ibn Abi Talib, and Zayd ibn Harith. Abu Bakr was present at a number of battles of Islam, such as the Battle of Badr and the Battle of Uhud; his role in the early battles of Islam has been the subject of extensive analysis by historians.
Abu Bakr thus assumed power, ruling over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE. Once in power, Abu Bakr launched the Ridda Wars to quell an outbreak of "apostasy" in various lands outside Medina. The Ridda Wars, however, were expanded to include the use of force against Muslims who did not recognize Abu Bakr's government, instead of solely focusing on those who had left Islam. After the conclusion of the Ridda Wars, Abu Bakr launched campaigns into Syria and Persia, but died before their conclusion. Other significant events during Abu Bakr's reign include an attack on Muhammad's family and the seizure of the land of Fadak from Fatimah, Muhammad's daughter.
In 634 CE, Abu Bakr fell ill from a sickness and died shortly thereafter. He was succeeded by Umar.
According to Sources, ancestors of Siddiqui's moved from Makkah to Baghdad in Iraq, then to Kabul in Afghanistan, and finally to Bareilly near the Himalayas mountains close to Nepal border in South Asia. According to Siddiqui's family history, the ancestors arrived in South Asia during the reign of Sultan Mohammad Ghauri, and later settled in Bareilly during the reign of Mughal Emperor Mohammad Aurangzeb Alamgir. Nearly all members of Siddiqui family resided in Bareilly until 1947, when they were forced flee to Pakistan due to massacres of Muslims by the Hindu and Sikh fanatics. Most of Siddiqui family members settled in Karachi. Now Siddiqui's are scattered around the world
Demographics and population distribution
Siddiqui In Pakistan
During the Separation of India & Pakistan in 1947, Siddiqui were forced flee to Pakistan due to massacres of Muslims by the Hindu and Sikh fanatics. Most of Siddiqui family members settled in Karachi. In 2014, there 119,720 are Siddiquis living in Pakistan. Siddiqui are mainly found in the Sindh province of Pakistan.
Siddiqui in India
According to Sources, ancestors of Siddiqui's moved from Kabul in Afghanistan and finally settled in Bareilly in India. during the reign of Mughal Emperor Mohammad Aurangzeb Alamgir. In 2014, There are 83,463 Siddiquis living in Pakistan. Siddiqui are mainly found in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar State of India.
Notable people with the surname include:
- Aafia Siddiqui, Pakistani neuroscientist
- Adnan Siddiqui, Pakistani actor and model
- Ahmed Siddiqui (American youth) (born 1996), American of Pakistani descent who described being kidnapped with his mother and two younger siblings in March 2003
- Ahmed Siddiqui (terrorist), citizen of Germany who is suspected of ties to terrorism
- Ali Jehangir Siddiqui, Pakistani politician, administrator and ambassador
- Jahangir Siddiqui, Pakistani businessman and philanthropist
- Khalid Siddiqui, Indian film and television actor
- Muneeba Ali Siddiqui (born 1997), Pakistani female cricketer
- Naeem Siddiqui (1916-2002), Pakistani Islamic scholar, writer and politician
- Nasimuddin Siddiqui, Indian Uttar Pradesh politician is a member of Indian National Congress
- Nawazuddin Siddiqui (born 1974), Indian film actor
- Sadiya Siddiqui, Indian film and television actress
- Saghar Siddiqui ((1928-1974), Pakistani poet in Urdu
- Sultana Siddiqui, Pakistani television director, producer and a businessperson
- A.Y.B.I. Siddiqi (born 1945), Bangladeshi Inspector General of Police
- Hafiz Siddiqi (1931–2018), Bangladeshi academic
- Javed Siddiqi (born 1942), Indian Hindi and Urdu screenwriter, dialogue writer and playwright
- Muhammad Abdul Aleem Siddiqi (1892–1954), Indian Islamic scholar
- Nawab Khwaja Abid Siddiqi, Nawab under Aurangzeb and was a Siddiqi by lineage) a loyal general for the Mughal Empire
- Obaid Siddiqi (1932–2013), Indian scientific research professor
- "Ethnologue". Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- Juan Eduardo Campo, Encyclopedia of Islam, Infobase Publishing, 2009
- "Shaikh Siddiqui Home". www.shaikhsiddiqui.com. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- "Abu Bakr". Encyclopedia of Islam (2nd ed.).
His father was Abu Quhafa ..., and he is therefore sometimes known as Ibn Abi Quhafa. ... The names ‘Abd Allah and ‘Atiq ('freed slave') are attributed to him as well as Abu Bakr, but the relation of these names to one another and their original significance is not clear. ... He was later known by sunni muslims as al-Siddiq, the truthful, the upright, or the one who counts true
- Saritoprak, Zeki. "Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq". Oxford Bibliographies. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Razwy, Sayed Ali Asgher. A Restatement of the History of Islam & Muslims. p. 53.
- Razwy, Sayed Ali Asgher. A Restatement of the History of Islam & Muslims. p. 154.
- Irving, Washington. The Life of Mohammed.
- Williams, John Alden (1971). Themes of Islamic Civilization.
- Razwy, Sayed Ali Asgher. A Restatement of the History of Islam & Muslims. p. 429.
- History of Ya'qubi, Volume 2. pp. 115–116.
- al-Baladhuri. Ansab Ashraf, Volume 1. pp. 582, 586.
- Ordoni, Abu Muhammad. Fatima The Gracious. Qum: Ansariyan Publications.
- Wikipaedia SiddiquiSheekhaal
|Look up siddiqui in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|