Page semi-protected

Siddiqui

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Siddiqui
(Urdu) صدیقی
Rashidun Flag.png
Flag of Rashidun Caliphate, descendants of Siddiqui
Total population
343,092[1]
Regions with significant populations
Pakistan Pakistan119,720
India India83,463
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia50,361
Bangladesh Bangladesh48,043
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates13,526
United States United States8,830
Afghanistan Afghanistan3,599
Canada Canada3,336
Qatar Qatar3,256
United Kingdom United Kingdom3,200
Languages
UrduHindiArabicDariEnglish
Religion
Sunni Islam 100%
Related ethnic groups
Arab

Siddiqui (Urdu: صدیقی‎) or Sheikh Siddiqui, are a Muslim community, found mainly in Pakistan, India, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh and Middle East Region. Siddiqui is a family name or surname belonging to the descendants of Abu Bakr, a companion and—through his daughter Aisha[2]—a father-in-law of the Muhammad. The title "As-Siddiq" (Arabic: الصديق‎) was given to the first Muslim Caliph (one of the Rashidun, or "Rightly guided" Caliphs) Abu Bakr by Muhammad. Siddiqui is an attributive form of the Arabic As-Siddiq.[3] The literal meaning of Siddiqui is "The Truthful". In North India and in Pakistan, the community are known as Sheikh or Sheikh Siddiqui.

History

Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddīq ‘Abdallāh bin Abī Quḥāfah (Arabic: أبو بكر الصديق عبد الله بن أبي قحافة‎; c. 573 CE – 23 August 634 CE), popularly known as Abu Bakr,[4] was a companion and—through his daughter Aisha[2]—a father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Abu Bakr was born in Mecca in 573 CE to Uthman Abu Quhafa and Salma Umm al-Khair.[5] He is commonly regarded as the fourth person to have accepted Islam, after Khadija bint Khuwaylid, Ali ibn Abi Talib, and Zayd ibn Harith.[6] Abu Bakr was present at a number of battles of Islam, such as the Battle of Badr and the Battle of Uhud; his role in the early battles of Islam has been the subject of extensive analysis by historians.[7][8]

Abu Bakr thus assumed power, ruling over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE. Once in power, Abu Bakr launched the Ridda Wars to quell an outbreak of "apostasy" in various lands outside Medina. The Ridda Wars, however, were expanded to include the use of force against Muslims who did not recognize Abu Bakr's government, instead of solely focusing on those who had left Islam. After the conclusion of the Ridda Wars, Abu Bakr launched campaigns into Syria[9] and Persia, but died before their conclusion.[10] Other significant events during Abu Bakr's reign include an attack on Muhammad's family[11][12] and the seizure of the land of Fadak from Fatimah, Muhammad's daughter.[13]

Rashidun Caliphate during the reign of Abu Bakr.

In 634 CE, Abu Bakr fell ill from a sickness and died shortly thereafter. He was succeeded by Umar.

Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr (were born sometime between 595 AD to 600 AD.) was the eldest son of Abu Bakr, Abdul-Rahman is also the ancestor of Siddiqui families in South and Central Asia.[14]

According to Sources, ancestors of Siddiqui's moved from Makkah to Baghdad in Iraq, then to Kabul in Afghanistan, and finally to Bareilly near the Himalayas mountains close to Nepal border in South Asia. According to Siddiqui's family history, the ancestors arrived in South Asia during the reign of Sultan Mohammad Ghauri, and later settled in Bareilly during the reign of Mughal Emperor Mohammad Aurangzeb Alamgir. Nearly all members of Siddiqui family resided in Bareilly until 1947, when they were forced flee to Pakistan due to massacres of Muslims by the Hindu and Sikh fanatics. Most of Siddiqui family members settled in Karachi. Now Siddiqui's are scattered around the world

Demographics and population distribution

Siddiqui In Pakistan

During the Separation of India & Pakistan in 1947, Siddiqui were forced flee to Pakistan due to massacres of Muslims by the Hindu and Sikh fanatics. Most of Siddiqui family members settled in Karachi. In 2014, there 119,720 are Siddiquis living in Pakistan. Siddiqui are mainly found in the Sindh province of Pakistan.

Siddiqui in India

According to Sources, ancestors of Siddiqui's moved from Kabul in Afghanistan and finally settled in Bareilly in India. during the reign of Mughal Emperor Mohammad Aurangzeb Alamgir. In 2014, There are 83,463 Siddiquis living in Pakistan. Siddiqui are mainly found in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar State of India.


Siddiqui In Pakistan 2014


People

Notable people with the surname include:

Siddiqui

Siddiqi

References

  1. ^ "Ethnologue". Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b Juan Eduardo Campo, Encyclopedia of Islam, Infobase Publishing, 2009
  3. ^ "Shaikh Siddiqui Home". www.shaikhsiddiqui.com. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  4. ^ "Abu Bakr". Encyclopedia of Islam (2nd ed.). His father was Abu Quhafa ..., and he is therefore sometimes known as Ibn Abi Quhafa. ... The names ‘Abd Allah and ‘Atiq ('freed slave') are attributed to him as well as Abu Bakr, but the relation of these names to one another and their original significance is not clear. ... He was later known by sunni muslims as al-Siddiq, the truthful, the upright, or the one who counts true
  5. ^ Saritoprak, Zeki. "Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq". Oxford Bibliographies. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  6. ^ Razwy, Sayed Ali Asgher. A Restatement of the History of Islam & Muslims. p. 53.
  7. ^ Razwy, Sayed Ali Asgher. A Restatement of the History of Islam & Muslims. p. 154.
  8. ^ Irving, Washington. The Life of Mohammed.
  9. ^ Williams, John Alden (1971). Themes of Islamic Civilization.
  10. ^ Razwy, Sayed Ali Asgher. A Restatement of the History of Islam & Muslims. p. 429.
  11. ^ History of Ya'qubi, Volume 2. pp. 115–116.
  12. ^ al-Baladhuri. Ansab Ashraf, Volume 1. pp. 582, 586.
  13. ^ Ordoni, Abu Muhammad. Fatima The Gracious. Qum: Ansariyan Publications.
  14. ^ Wikipaedia SiddiquiSheekhaal