Side Impact Protection System

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Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) is a system in an automobile to protect against injury in a side collision, developed by Volvo Cars.

History[edit]

SIPS was first introduced in 1991[1] for the Volvo 700, 900[2] and 850 series cars of model year 1992.[3][4][5][6] It has been standard on every new Volvo since.

The SIPS system consists of a reinforced lower sill, b-pillar and reinforcements with energy absorbing honeycomb materials[7][8] inside the doors.[9] The idea is to more widely distribute the energy in a side collision across the whole side of the car rather than having the b-pillar absorb it all.[6] Driver and passenger seat are mounted on transverse steel rails,[10] not bolted to the floor as per the standard configuration.[11] In a side impact these transverse rails allow the seats to crush a reinforced center console designed to absorb additional energy.[12]

In 1994,[13] for the 1995 model year,[14] the SIPS-Bag[15] was released for 850 models.[16][17] Initially an option,[18] it became standard equipment[13] of all new Volvo cars beginning in 1995[19] for the 1996 model year.[15] The system consists of a mechanically[20] activated[21] side airbag that protects the front seat occupants torsos from hitting the cars interior.[22]

In 1998, for the 1999 model year, the system was extensively redesigned. With the launch of the Volvo S80 the IC airbag,[23] a curtain style airbag[24] deploying from the headlining to protect the head, was added. It has since been standard equipment on all newly released Volvos.
Because of technical reasons the existing Volvo S70, V70 and C70 models were instead equipped with the SIPS-BAG II.[13][25]

In 2006,[26] for the 2007 model year, the fourth generation SIPS was introduced. More high strength steel, structural changes, more bracing and with dual chamber sips-bag.[27][28]

See also[edit]

  • WHIPS (Whiplash Protection System)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Volvo Group (2011). "R&D milestones of the Volvo Group". www.volvogroup.com. Archived from the original on 2011-06-16. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  2. ^ Volvo Cars of North America (1992). "Volvo '92: New model, new engine and a unique safety innovation". new.volvocars.com (Press release). Rockleigh, New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  3. ^ "Produktinformation - tidigare Volvomodeller". www.volvocars.com (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2015-03-02. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  4. ^ "Volvo 1992 Tech & Spec". www.oocities.org. Volvo Cars of North America. 1992. Archived from the original on 2015-07-12. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  5. ^ "History of Volvo". www.swedecar.com. Archived from the original on 2011-08-29. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  6. ^ a b Volvo Car Corporation (October 1991). "SIPS: A unique safety solution from Volvo" (PDF). www.volvoclub.org.uk. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-04. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  7. ^ "Status Report Vol.31 No.8" (PDF). www.iihs.org. IIHS. 28 September 1996. p. 6. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-05-14. Retrieved 2018-04-13. 
  8. ^ Volvo Cars of North America (1995). "The new 960 from Volvo - an unexpected experience". new.volvocars.com (Press release). Rockleigh, New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  9. ^ Volvo Cars of North America (1993). "It is an agile, exciting sports sedan. And by the way, it's also a Volvo!". new.volvocars.com (Press release). Rockleigh, New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  10. ^ Paul Dean (9 October 1992). "1993 Volvo 850"Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required. www.cars.com. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2017-10-09. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  11. ^ Volvo Cars of North America (1992). "The 850 GLT: A new Volvo and more". new.volvocars.com (Press release). Rockleigh, New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  12. ^ Volvo Cars of North America (1992). "Volvo's innovative 850 features- four new patents". new.volvocars.com (Press release). Rockleigh, New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  13. ^ a b c Volvo Group (17 July 1998). "Second-Generation Sips-Bag protects both chest and head". www.volvogroup.com. Archived from the original on 2015-02-21. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  14. ^ Volvo Cars of North America (1997). "Safety". www.volvocars.com. Archived from the original on 1998-02-02. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  15. ^ a b USDOT (7 June 1999). "PE99-040"Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required (PDF). static.nhtsa.gov (ODI investigation). NHTSA. pp. 2, 24. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-01-29. Retrieved 2018-01-29. 
  16. ^ Volvo Cars of North America (1993). "Volvo announces side-impact airbags - a world safety first". new.volvocars.com (Press release). Rockleigh, New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  17. ^ "Eine Beilage der Berner Zeitung BZ (Nr. 106)" [A supplement of the Berner Newspaper BZ (Nr. 106)] (PDF). www.gpbern.ch (in German). BZ. 8 May 1995. p. 13. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-08-26. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  18. ^ Peter C. T. Elsworth (2 October 1994). "The First Side-Impact Air Bags: How Volvo's System Works"Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required. www.nytimes.com. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2017-02-24. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  19. ^ Volvo Cars of North America (1994). "Volvo lights the way to safety - 100% of Volvos have DRL's". new.volvocars.com (Press release). Rockleigh, New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  20. ^ Jim Mateja (22 August 1994). "And Now, From Volvo, The Side-impact Air Bag". articles.chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 2017-10-09. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  21. ^ "Gefährdungspotential durch mechanischen SIPS-Seiten-Airbag" [Dangers of mechanical SIPS side airbag]. www.technische-hilfeleistung.info (in German). 20 May 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2017-08-04. 
  22. ^ "Status Report Vol.31 No.4" (PDF). www.iihs.org. IIHS. 4 May 1996. pp. 2–3. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-04-13. Retrieved 2018-04-12. 
  23. ^ Volvo Cars of North America (October 1998). "Engineering and technological innovation are hallmarks of the 1999 Volvo line-up". new.volvocars.com (Press release). Rockleigh, New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2007-11-02. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  24. ^ Volvo Car Corporation (2005). "Airbags". new.volvocars.com (Owner's manual). pp. 12–14. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2017-08-04. 
  25. ^ "Status Report Vol.32 No.10" (PDF). www.iihs.org. IIHS. 27 December 1997. pp. 1–3. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-09-22. Retrieved 2018-04-12. 
  26. ^ Volvo Car Corporation (28 February 2006). "All New Volvo S80: Style, Sophistication, Safety and Scandinavian". www.media.volvocars.com. Archived from the original on 2017-03-02. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 
  27. ^ Lotta Jakobsson; Magdalena Lindman; Bo Svanberg; Henrik Carlsson (January 2010). Real World Data Driven Evolution of Volvo Cars’ Side Impact Protection Systems and their Effectiveness (Technical report). Archived from the original on 2018-01-27. Retrieved 2018-01-04. 
  28. ^ "ALL-NEW VOLVO V70: Takes Safety to New Heights". www.media.volvocars.com. Volvo Car Corporation. 1 February 2007. Retrieved 2018-05-24.