Sidenreng Rappang Regency
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Sidenreng Rappang Regency
Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang
Motto: Resopa Tammangingngi Malomo Nalatei Pammase DewataSlogan : Sidrap Kota Beras
|• Regent||H. Rusdi Masse|
|• Total||2,506.19 km2 (967.65 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WITA (UTC+8)|
Sidenreng Rappang Regency (the name is often abbreviated to "Sidrap") is a regency of South Sulawesi Province in Indonesia. It has an area of 2,506.19 kilometres (1,557.27 mi) and a 2010 population of 278,004. Its capital is Pangkajene. The original inhabitants of this area are Bugis, who worship, obey and uphold the tradition of mutual respect and mutual help. Mosques abound.
- 1 History
- 2 Sidenrang and Rappang
- 3 Grandma Mallomo
- 4 Topography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Social Culture
- 7 Potential Areas
- 8 Tourism
- 9 Communication
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Administration
- 12 References
Sangalla was a king in Tana Toraja. His nine children were La Maddarammeng, La Wewanriru, La Togellipu, La Pasampoi, La Pakolongi, La Pababbari, La Panaungi, La Mampasessu and La Mappatunru. As the eldest brother, La Maddaremmeng intimidated his eight younger siblings and seized his sisters' royal provinces.
The sisters can not stand this and leave Tana Toraja. During the journey they become thirsty and seek water at a difficult to reach a puddle on the edge of a lake in a dense forest. To penetrate the dense undergrowth, they hold hands. Arriving there, they drink, rest and shower. They discuss their fate. Finally, they agree to stay at the lake. They begin a new life farming, gardening and fishing. The place was then known as Sidenreng, which is derived from the word Sirenreng - renreng "find your way to the edge of the lake". The lake became Sidenreng lake where they formed the Sidenreng kingdom.
When Indonesia became independent on December 27, 1949, the government moved from colonial monarchy ended. Sidenreng Rappang conducted its first direct elections for district heads on October 29, 2008.
Sidenrang and Rappang
Sidenreng Rappang originally consisted of two kingdoms, Sidenreng and Rappang. It was difficult to find the boundary between them. Often those from one community served in the other community. They speak the same language with slightly different dialects. Rappang region occupies the northern position, while Sidenreng is in the South.
In this area lived a scholar of Bugis called 'Grandma Mallomo'. He did not come from the royal family.
A legal order in Sidenreng states: "Naiya Ade'e De'nakkeambo, de'to nakkeana" (truth does not recognize the custom of Father and the Son). Grandma issued wise words Mallomo 'when summoned by the King to decide the punishment for grandmother Mallomo son 'who stole a neighbor plow his field equipment. In Lontara 'La Toa, Grandma Mallomo ' akin to figures Bugis - Makassar other, like I Lagaligo, Puang Rimaggalatung, Kajao Laliddo and so on. The success of the rice harvest in Sidenreng because Grandma Mallomo firmness ' in carrying out the law, as seen in the culture of the local community in determining the planting period through consultation called Tudang Sipulung ( Tudang = Sitting, Sipulung = Gathered or can be translated as the Great Assembly ) which was attended by the Pallontara ' experts regarding Lontara book ' ) and indigenous leaders. Seeing the success Tudang Sipulung which was originally initiated by the second regent, Mr. Arifin Nu'mang Colonel before 1980, other regions had already menerapkannya.Saat this Sidrap regents led by the youngest in Indonesia H. Rusdi Masse.
Rappang Sidenreng lies at an altitude between 10 m - 1500 m from sea level. State of the topography in this area varies a flat area covering 879.85 km ² (46.72%), hilly area of 290.17 km ² (15:43%) and mountainous area of 712.81 km2 (37.85%).
Sidenreng Rappang is a center of rice in South Sulawesi. It is mainly supported by a network of technical irrigation to irrigate rice fields throughout the year. Some of the existing irrigation network in Sidenreng Rappang include: Irrigation Fur Cenrana, irrigate 6000 hectares of paddy When the irrigation network, irrigate 5400 hectares of paddy Irrigation Fur Timoreng, irrigate 5400 hectares of paddy In addition to the major producer of rice in eastern Indonesia, the area is also a major producer of chicken eggs and duck eggs outside Java. Other agricultural commodities are cocoa, copra, cashew and kemiriserta forest products such as wood and rattan.
Services and Industry
Food, beverage, small industries, apparel, home furnishings industry, metal industry, and others.
Industrial development is concentrated on small-scale industries, medium and cottage industries ( home industry ), the main target is still limited to the share of inter- regional or inter pasaar island. The development of the industrial sector increased empowerment through education, workforce training, and creating a business climate conducive to stimulate investors to support the industrial sector, both in the field of marketing and capital.
Industrial sector as one of the economic sectors is still potential for development, which is impacting on the economic sector as well as to drive the development of other sectors. Industrisebagai sector development sectors absorb considerable manpower especially Small Industrial Enterprises ( SMEs ) which could have an impact on the development process of the region, where the leading industrial sector will grow faster.
Profile and Status Sub Project
In Financial Management reform agenda in outline there are eight (8) steps in implementation are:
- Preparation of Action Plan Formulation and Implementation in Financial Management Reform.
- Institutional Development and Legal Basis of Financial Management.
- Planning and Implementation Regional Budget.
- Monitoring the Implementation of the Regional Budget.
- Revenue Management.
- Regions Financial Reporting and Accountability.
- Financial Management Capacity.
- Development of Regional Financial Information System.
Educational facilities at sufficient Rappang Sidenreng, which means that there ranging from the level of kindergarten, elementary school, junior high, and high school.
Availability of health facilities such as hospitals, health centers, health centers (Pustu), Polyclinics and BKIA / Maternity Hospital during the year 2006 this number is relatively unchanged. In addition to the provision of health facilities to improve health services to the community, the health care supply business is also expected to be improved. Noted there are as many as two (2) pieces Hospital, 13 health centers, 37 sub health centers, two (2) Medical Center, 2 (two) BKIA / maternity hospital and 1 (one) Clinic. The medical personnel are available consisting of 18 physicians, 10 dentists, 97 nurses, 84 midwives, and 82 other health workers.
Food Crops & Horticulture
Potential natural state supported by people who are mostly farmers allow various types of plants can be developed, both for small and large scale.
Development of Agriculture and horticulture crops provide an advantage for Sidenreng Rappang, whose economy is based on agriculture sector, with a wide, potential and even geography was conducive to the development of this sector. In the development of this sector fully supports the government programs intended to help farmers and improving the standard of living.
Featured commodities Sidenreng Rappang Agriculture and Horticulture Food Crops include: Rice, Corn, Cassava, Sweet Potato, Peanuts, Soybeans, Green Bean, Cucumber, Eggplant, Large Chilli, chili, tomatoes, beans length, kale, Spinach, Banana, Guava, Mango, Citrus Siam, Papaya, Salak, Jackfruit, Breadfruit.
Plantation sector development directed at increasing production and productivity, improved quality of results and the development of agribusiness plantation commodities. The development of the plantation sector provide an advantage for Sidenreng Rappang because of geography that supports fully with programs intended to help farmers and improving the standard of living.
The plantation species developed in Sidenreng Rappang include: Coconut, Cocoa, Cashew, Pepper, Coffee, Tamarind, Clove.
The forestry sector is in Sidenreng Rappang namely: Protected forest, limited production forest, forest degraded land and forest preserves. More details Sindereng district forestry Rappang picture can be seen in the following table;
- Limited Production Forest
- forest Preserve
- Forest Reserves.
Livestock sector is the dominant sector in Sidenreng Rappang. This can be seen by the many farms, both large and small livestock farm. The pattern is just relying on the ranch for pasture land that is in a broad Kabypaten Sidenreng Rappang with 19 154 hectares, spread over nine (9) districts.
Especially small livestock (poultry), the sector is very potential to be developed viewed from various aspects, such as land aspects, socio-economic feasibility, infrastructure, etc..
Poultry population and Not Race Race (Native) is the largest population. For this type of laying chicken, in 2005 totaled 2,360,142 head, an increase of 2,503,721 head in 2006. As for the chicken Buras, also increased the number of tails 1,661,669 in 2005, and in 2006 amounted to 1,761,401 head.
Geographically located belt Sidenreng Rappang trajectory major tourist destination areas in South Sulawesi, namely Tanah Toraja (Tator), so it is a very big district opportunities to attract foreign visitors to stop for a moment or even overnight while enjoying the typical traditions of the local community.
Tourist destination in Sidenreng Rappang that can be used as a primary goal, among others, are: DataE Travel Park, Studio Art Nene 'Mallomo, Lake Sidenreng, Thermal Baths, Nature Park, Niagara, Horse Racing, Toda Bojo Agro Tourism, etc..
Telecommunications infrastructure development directed at increasing the flow of information on a region to another, which is expected to spur economic activity between regions.
One of telecommunications facilities in the district are Sidenreng Rappang Postal Service. The number of existing service facilities Heading 4 (four) pieces Pangkajene the Post Office, Post Office Rappang, Amparita Post Office and Post Office Tanru Tedong.
In addition to the Post Office, that there are other means of telecommunication in Sidenreng Rappang is Phone. This communication services implemented by PT Telkom to facilitate communication between people who use cable telephone services, in addition to the user 's cell phone or mobile phone services, with the installation of antennas ( BTS ) from PT Telkomsel and PT Satelindo for certain areas such as the District and surrounding MaritangngaE, District Panca Flint, District Five Lautang, and District Two PituE, hence the need for telecommunications, particularly mobile phones can be served in Sidenreng Rappang, although for the time being is still limited existence.
Rappang Sidenreng within ± 200 km from Makassar and lies at the intersection between the lines to Palopo and Toraja. To get to this area is by bus or Toraja Palopo majors, general passenger cars (Toyota, Suzuki APV, Izusu Panther) and minibuses.
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.