Sidi Bashir Mosque

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sidi Bashir masjid
Shaking Minarets.jpg
Shaking Minarets
Sidi Bashir Mosque is located in Gujarat
Sidi Bashir Mosque
Location in Gujarat, India
Basic information
Location Ahmedabad, India
Geographic coordinates 23°01′40″N 72°36′04″E / 23.0276771°N 72.6011676°E / 23.0276771; 72.6011676Coordinates: 23°01′40″N 72°36′04″E / 23.0276771°N 72.6011676°E / 23.0276771; 72.6011676
Affiliation Islam
Municipality Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
State Gujarat
Status Active
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Completed 1452
Minaret(s) 2

Sidi Bashir Mosque is a former mosque in the city of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Only the central gateway and two minarets survive; they are known as the Jhulta Minar or Shaking Minarets.

History[edit]

Ruins of Sidi Bashir Mosque in 1866

The mosque is believed to have been constructed either by Sidi Bashir, a slave of Sultan Ahmed Shah, or by Malik Sarang, a noble in the court of Mahmud Begada, another Sultan of Gujarat. It has been dated to 1452,[1] although the style and material of the minarets point to the close of Mahmud Begada's reign (1511) or later.[2] The body of the building was destroyed in 1753 during the war between the Marathas and the Khan of Gujarat Sultanate; only two minarets and the arched central gateway connecting them remain.[2]

Minarets of Sidi Bashir Mosque in 1866

Minarets[edit]

The minarets are the tallest in Ahmedabad and are now located to the north of Ahmedabad Junction railway station. Though much damaged, especially near the foot, the stairs inside the minarets may still be used.[2] The minarets are three stories tall with carved balconies. A gentle shaking of either minaret results in the other minaret vibrating after a few seconds, though the connecting passage between them remains free of vibration[citation needed]. The mechanism of this is not known, although the layered construction is thought to be a factor. The phenomenon was first observed in the 19th century by Monier M. Williams, an English Sanskrit scholar.[3] The minarets are able to withstand fast-moving trains passing close by.[4]

Other shaking minarets[edit]

Another mosque in Ahmedabad called the Raj Bibi Mosque also had shaking minarets similar to those at the Sidi Bashir Mosque. Under the British Raj, one was dismantled in order to study the construction, but could not be put back together[citation needed].

There is also one in Isfahan, Iran, called Monar Jonban (shaking minarets) with almost the same properties.

A further example is a large mosque built by Makhdu-Ma-I-Jahan, mother of Sultan Qutubuddin Ahmad Shah II in 1454 A.D. She is buried in the mausoleum situated to the east of the mosque.

Present condition[edit]

Entry to the shaking minaret was prohibited following an incident in 1981 at Qutb Minar in Delhi, when a stampede resulted in the deaths of many children. There is also damage to the upper sections.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sultanate Architecture". The Ahmedabad Chronicle: Imprints of a millennium. Vastu-Shilpa Foundation for Studies and Research in Environmental Design. 2002. p. 134. 
  2. ^ a b c Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad. Government Central Press. 1879. p. 267. 
  3. ^ "Siddi bashir mosque (shaking minarets". All India Tour Travel Guide. Retrieved 2006-09-07. 
  4. ^ http://www.ahmedabad.org.uk/monuments/jhulta-minar.html