List of siege artillery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Siege gun)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Siege artillery (also siege guns or siege cannons) is the heavy guns designed to bombard fortifications, cities, and other fixed targets, as distinct from, e.g., field artillery. It is a class of siege weapon. They were capable of firing heavy cannonballs or shells or required enormous transport and logistical support to operate. They lacked mobility and thus were rarely useful in more mobile warfare situations. They have been generally superseded by heavy howitzers (towed and self-propelled artillery), strategic bomber aircraft, surface-to-surface missiles, ballistic missiles, cruise missiles and multiple rocket launchers in modern warfare.

Muzzle-loading artillery[edit]

Caliber (mm) Weapon name Country of origin Design
106 Canon lourd de 8 Gribeauval  Kingdom of France 1775
114 4.5-inch siege rifle  United States 1862
121 Canon lourd de 12 Gribeauval  Kingdom of France 1775
134 Canon de 16 Gribeauval  Kingdom of France 1775
148 24-pdr M1839 rifle  United States 1839
153 Canon de 24 Gribeauval  Kingdom of France 1775
163 32-pdr M1829 rifle  United States 1829
178 42-pdr M1841 rifle  United States 1841
200 Kartouwe  Dutch Republic 16th century
230 Abus Gun  Ottoman Empire 16th century
650 Dardanelles Gun  Ottoman Empire 1464
660 Dulle Griet  Holy Roman Empire First half of 15th century
735 Faule Mette  Holy Roman Empire 1411
820 Pumhart von Steyr  Austrian Empire Early 15th century
890 Tsar Cannon Russian Empire Tsardom of Russia 1586

Breech-loading artillery[edit]

Caliber (mm) Weapon name Country of origin Design
120 12-cm Kanone M 80  Austria-Hungary World War I
120 Canon de 120 mm modèle 1878  France World War I / World War II
120 Obusier de 120 mm modèle 1890  France World War I
149.1 15 cm Kanone M 80  Austria-Hungary World War I
152.4 6 inch siege gun M1877  Russian Empire World War I
152.5 BLC 6 inch siege gun  United Kingdom 1902 - 1915
152.4 6 inch siege gun M1904  Russian Empire World War I
152.4 152 mm siege gun M1910  Russian Empire World War I
152.4 Cannone da 152/45  Italy World War I / World War II
155 De Bange 155 mm cannon  France World War I
155 Obusier de 155 mm C modèle 1881  France World War I
155 Obusier de 155 mm C modèle 1890  France World War I
180 18 cm kurze Kanone M 80  Austria-Hungary World War I
210 210 mm gun M1939 (Br-17)  Soviet Union World War II
210 Mortaio da 210/8 D.S.  Italy World War I / World War II
210 Paris Gun  German Empire World War I
220 Mortier de 220 mm modèle 1880  France World War I
220 Skoda 220 mm howitzer  Czechoslovakia World War II
233 BL 9.2 inch Howitzer  United Kingdom World War I
240 24 cm Mörser M 98  Austria-Hungary pre-World War I
240 24 cm Haubitze 39  Czechoslovakia World War II
240 Canon de 240 L Mle 1884  France World War I / World War II
240 24 cm Kanone M. 16  Austria-Hungary World War I / World War II
240 24 cm Kanone 3  Nazi Germany World War II
260 Mortaio da 260/9 Modello 16  Italy World War I /World War II
270 Mortier de 270 mm modèle 1885  France World War I
270 Mortier de 270 mm modèle 1889  France World War I / World War II
280 Obice da 280  Kingdom of Italy World War I / World War II
280 28 cm howitzer L/10  Japan Russo-Japanese War / World War I / World War II
283 28 cm Haubitze L/12  German Empire World War I / World War II
305 BL 12 inch Howitzer  United Kingdom World War I
305 Obice da 305/17  Kingdom of Italy World War I
305 305 mm howitzer M1915  Russian Empire World War I
305 305 mm howitzer M1939 (Br-18)  Soviet Union World War II
305 30.5 cm M. 11 (Škoda)  Austria-Hungary World War I
305 30.5 cm M. 16 (Škoda)  Austria-Hungary World War I / World War II
355 35.5 cm Haubitze M1  Nazi Germany World War II
380 38 cm Belagerungshaubitze M 16  Austria-Hungary World War I
381 BL 15 inch Howitzer  United Kingdom World War I
420 42 cm Gamma Mörser  German Empire World War I / World War II
420 Big Bertha  German Empire World War I
540 Karl-Gerät 041  Nazi Germany World War II
600 Karl-Gerät 040  Nazi Germany World War II
800 Schwerer Gustav  Nazi Germany World War II

Notes and references[edit]

See also[edit]