Siege of Aintab
The Siege of Aintab (French: Les Quatres Sièges d'Aïntab) or Siege of Antep (Turkish: Antep Kuşatması) was a military engagement between the Turkish National Forces and the French Army of the Levant occupying the city of Aintab (present-day Gaziantep) during the Turkish War of Independence (specifically its southern front, known as the Franco-Turkish War).
Fighting began in April 1920, when French forces opened fire on city. Fighting continued until February 1921.
- 1 - 16 April: 1st Turkish siege
- 30 April - 23 May: 2nd Turkish siege
- 30 May - 18 June: 1920 armistice
- 29 July - 10 August: 3rd Turkish siege
- 11 August: beginning of French siege
- 21 November - 18 December: Goubeau column participation
- 7 February: last exit attempt
- 8 February: sending of a city parliamentary mission - cease fire
- 9 February: capitulation
- 2.070 armed and 850 unarmed fighters (=2.920)
- In April 1920 the French forces consisted of 4,500 soldiers. With the arrival of Goubeau 4th division on november 20th 1920 the French siege force increased to: 13 infantry battalions and 1.5 cavalry regiment (=12,000 soldiers). After Goubeau's departure on december 18th the french force decreased to: 9 infantry batalions (four of which with less than 300 fighters) and 2 cavalry squadrons (=6500 soldiers). There are still 6000 men at the end of the siege
- On octobre 29th 1919 the third battalion and the staff of the french armenian legion (lieutenant-colonel Flye Sainte-Marie) were the bulk of the hastily assembled french force assigned to relieve Aintab british garrison. On november 13th, the third battalion (except 2 machine gun platoons) leaved the city. On april 30th 1920, Flye Sainte-Marie and french armenian legion last soldiers went away. The french armenian legion was dissolved on september 1st 1920.
- Sabahattin Selek, Millî Mücadele II: İstiklâl Harbi (Yeni Türk Devletinin kuruluşu), p. 19.
- Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Western Society for French History, Volume 24, Western Society for French History, 1997, p. 206.
- Article about the Siege of Aintab haber7, Serkan Bilge, 25.12.2008
- "Gaziantep şehitlerinin anısı Savaş Müzesi'nde yaşatılıyor," Yeni Şafak, 14.08.2008 (Turkish)
- Kilis'in Antep Müdafaasındaki Yeri, Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi (Atatürk Research Center): Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi, Number 31, Edition: 11, March 1995 (Turkish)
- Kerr, Stanley E. The Lions of Marash: Personal Experiences with American Near East Relief, 1919-1922. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1973, p. 222. ISBN 978-0-87395-200-2.
- Bir 'mecbur adam'ın romanı, Radikal, 08.01.2010 (Turkish)
- Şimşir, Bilâl, İngiliz Belgelerinde Atatürk, 1919-1938, Volume 3, Istanbul: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, p. 168.
- Documents on British foreign policy, 1919-1939, London: H. M. Stationery Office, 1970, vol. 15, p. 155.
- Abadie.Opérations au Levant - Les 4 sièges d'Aïntab (1920-1921) Paris:Charles-Lavauzelle et Cie, 1922 (french).
- Gesar, A. "Agony of a City: The 314 Days of Aintab," Pts. 1-2, Armenian Review 30/2-3 (Summer-Autumn 1977): pp. 115-47, 265-81.
- Shepard, Dr. Lorin, "Fighting the Turks at Aintab," Current History 14/4 (July 1921).