Siege of Caesarea Cappadocia (260)
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|Siege of Caesarea (260)|
|Part of the Roman-Persian wars|
|Sassanid Empire||Roman Empire|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
|Unknown, probably minimal||Unknown number of soldiers killed
Deportation of 400,000 people
The siege took place during a Sassanid invasion of the Roman east, Caesarea during that time had a large population (about 400,000 inhabitants).
The Sassanids were unable to take the city, and took a Roman as captive and tortured him until he revealed another route they could use. The Sassanids raided Caesarea during the night, killing every Roman soldier.
According to Percy Sykes, "He[Shapur] captured Caesarea Mazaca, the greatest city in Cappadocia; but probably from lack of a standing army, again made no attempt to organize and administer, or even to retain, his conquests. He merely killed and ravaged with barbarous severity".
- Percy Sykes, A History of Persia, Vol. I, (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1969), 402.
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