Siege of Goražde
|Siege of Goražde|
|Part of the Bosnian War|
Yugoslav People's Army (1992)
Army of Republika Srpska (1992–95)
Serb Volunteer Guard (1992, 1995)
Scorpions paramilitary unit (1995)
Police, volunteers and paramilitaries from Yugoslavia (1995)
Greek Volunteer Guard (1995)
Russian volunteers (1995)
|Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Commanders and leaders|
Zaim Imamović (April 1992–October 1995)|
Sifet Krekić (April 1992–October 1995)
|~2,000 soldiers||~6,000 soldiers|
|Casualties and losses|
On 4 May 1992, Goražde was besieged by the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS). Goražde was one of six Bosniak enclaves, along with Srebrenica and Žepa, surrounded and besieged by the Bosnian Serb Army. VRS began a campaign of indiscriminate shelling, often hitting civilian buildings and inflicting mass casualties. In return, the local units of the Bosnian Ministry of the Interior (MUP) began a campaign of retribution against the Bosnian Serb civilians who were still living in the city. Dozens of local Serbs were arrested and executed in the local school; a hundred more, including women and children, were forcibly held as human shield to protect the police station from shelling. In August 1992, 1st and 31st Drina Strike Brigades of the ARBiH successfully accomplished the Operation Circle, thereby pushing the VRS forces out of the eastern suburbs. However, the siege continued. In April 1993 it was made into a United Nations Safe Area in which the United Nations was supposed to deter attacks on the civilian population. Between March 30 and April 23, 1994, the Serbs launched a major offensive against the town. After air strikes against Serb tanks and outposts and a NATO ultimatum, Serb forces agreed to withdraw their artillery and armored vehicles 20 km (12 mi) from the town. In 1995 it was again targeted by the VRS, who ignored the ultimatum and launched an attack on UN guard posts. Around 350 UN servicemen were taken hostage but the remaining men from the Royal Welch Fusiliers who were already stationed there and reinforcement Bosniak troops prevented the VRS from taking over the town. It avoided the fate of Srebrenica, where the Bosnian Serbs continued on to after the failed attempt.
According to the Research and Documentation Center in Sarajevo (RDC), Goražde recorded 511 civilians (126 Serbs and 385 non-Serbs, mostly Bosniaks) and 1,100 soldiers who lost their lives during the war.
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