Siege of Grave (1586)
|Siege of Grave (1586)|
|Part of the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)|
The Siege of Grave in 1586 by Don Alejandro Farnesio. Engraving by Michelangelo Cerquozzi.
| United Provinces
|Commanders and leaders|
| Earl of Leicester
Philip of Hohenlohe
| Alexander Farnese
Count of Mansfeld
Juan del Águila
The Siege of Grave, also known as the Capture of Grave of 1586, took place from mid-February – June 7, 1586, at Grave, Duchy of Brabant, Low Countries (present-day the Netherlands), between the Spanish army led by Governor-General Don Alexander Farnese, Prince of Parma, and the Dutch-States and English forces under Baron Peter van Hemart, Governor of Grave, during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604).
In early spring of 1586, the Count Peter Ernst of Mansfeld, by order of Alexander Farnese, laid siege to the town of Grave. After little more than a month, and the impossibility of the English and Dutch forces for relieving the city, Grave surrendered to the Spaniards on June 7. The capture of the strategically important town of Grave by Parma, and the impotence of the English commander Sir Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, to relieve the town, in a time where England had raised hopes to the Dutch rebels thanks to the Treaty of Nonsuch, was a complete military and political success for the Spanish authorities, and a severe blow for the Protestant cause, provoking the start of the disagreements of the States-General of the Netherlands with the Earl of Leicester.
A few days later, the Spanish army, commanded by the Prince of Parma, laid siege to Venlo, garrisoned and supported by Dutch and English troops led by Maarten Schenck and Sir Roger Williams. On June 28, 1586, the garrison was forced to capitulation to the Spaniards.
- Graham Darby p.190
- Giménez Martín p.189
- Giménez Martín p.188
- Martín p. 189
- J.D. Tracy. The Founding of the Dutch Republic (2008)
- John Lothrop Motley. History of the United Netherlands: from the death of William the Silent to the Synod of Dort. p.326
- Hume & Lingard p.52
- Giménez Martín, Juan. Tercios de Flandes. Ediciones Falcata Ibérica. First edition 1999, Madrid. ISBN 84-930446-0-1 (Spanish)
- Black, Jeremy. European Warfare 1494-1660. Routledge Publishing 2002. ISBN 978-0-415-27531-6
- Darby, Graham. The Origins and Development of the Dutch Revolt. First published 2001. London. ISBN 0-203-42397-6
- Motley, John Lothrop. History of the United Netherlands: from the death of William the Silent to the Synod of Dort. Rotterdam 1872.
- David Hume & John Lingard. The History of England: From the Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution in 1688. Vol II. Philadelphia 1859.
- Tracy, J.D. (2008). The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland 1572–1588. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-920911-8