Battle of Haengju
|Battle of Haengju Fortress|
|Part of Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598)|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
Heavy(10000+ likely much more since the Japanese took the dead back with them)|
400-500 POW executed
|Battle of Haengju|
|Revised Romanization||Haengju Daecheop|
The Battle of Haengju took place on 14 March 1593 during the 1592–1598 Japanese invasion of Korea. The Japanese attack failed to overcome Haengju fortress even though they outnumbered the defenders by more than ten to one.
Gwon Yul was stationed at the fortress of Haengju, a wooden stockade on a cliff over the Han River. Haengju posed a threat to Hanseong (now Seoul) due to its proximity so the Japanese attacked it in March.
The Japanese attack led by Konishi Yukinaga happened on 14 March 1593 with 30,000 men. They took turns attacking the stockade due to the limited space. The Koreans retaliated with arrows, cannons, and some 40 hwacha.
After three attacks, one with siege tower, and one where Ishida Mitsunari was wounded, Ukita Hideie managed to breach the outer defenses and reach the inner wall. However he was wounded as well and had to fall back.
Aside from the defeat, the Japanese situation became even more tenuous after Zha Dashou led a small group of raiders to Hanseong, burning more than 6,500 tons of grain. This left the Japanese with less than a month of provisions.
After several negotiations with Shen Weijing, the Japanese abandoned Hanseong on 17 May 1593. What Li Rusong and Song Yingchang witnessed upon entering the city was a people who "looked like ghosts."
The site is still undeveloped and now has a memorial and an interpretive center.