Siege of Jerusalem (1244)

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Siege of Jerusalem
Part of Sixth Crusade
Date July 15, 1244
Location Jerusalem
Result Khwarazmian and Ayyubid victory
Jerusalem sacked
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Ayyubids
Holy Roman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg as-Salih Ayyub Frederick II
Fewer Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The 1244 Siege of Jerusalem took place after the Sixth Crusade, when the Khwarezm conquered the city on July 15, 1244. As context, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor led the Sixth Crusade to the Holy Land in 1228, and claimed the kingship of Jerusalem by right of his wife, Queen Yolande of Jerusalem, who had inherited the title of 'Queen of Jerusalem' from her mother, Maria of Montferrat, the wife of John of Brienne.[citation needed]

The size of Frederick II's army and his reputation within the Islamic world was sufficient to regain Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Nazareth and a number of neighbouring castles without violence. These were recovered by treaty with the Ayyubid Sultan Al-Kamil. However, Jerusalem did not remain for long in Christian hands, as there was not enough territory around it in Christian hands to make it defensible.[citation needed]

The Ayyubids invited the Khwarazmian clans to reconquer the city. In the siege and subsequent fall of the city on July 15, 1244, the Khwarezmians completely razed Jerusalem, leaving it in ruins and useless to both Christians and Muslims.[citation needed] The Seventh Crusade under Louis IX of France was motivated by this massacre, but it accomplished little except to replace the Ayyubids and Khwarazmians with the more powerful Mamluks as the Crusaders' main opponents in 1250.[citation needed]

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