Siege of Khost
|Siege of Khost|
|Part of the Soviet-Afghan War and the Afghan Civil War (1989-1992)|
| Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
Soviet Union (1980-1988)
|Commanders and leaders|
| Mohammed Rafie
Mohammad Aslam Watanjar
Abdul Rashid Dostum
Mohammed Asif Delawar
| Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
Mohammad Nabi Mohammadi
Ibrahim Umari Haqqani
The Siege of Khost: during the nine-year Soviet war in Afghanistan in the 1980s and the subsequent Afghan civil war, the town of Khost was besieged for more than eleven years. Its airstrip's 3 km runway served as a base for helicopter operations by Soviet forces.
Operation Magistral was an offensive launched to relieve it at the end of 1987. The first convoys reached Khost at the end of December 1987. When the main Soviet force had withdrawn, Mujahideen groups cut off Khost once again, as they had done since 1981.
Following the creation of the Commander's Shura, which united the Peshawar Seven and assault was coordinated to capture Khost, an assault which at least according to former special envoy to the Mujahideen Peter Tomsen was more an ISI operation than a Mujahideen one. This fighting was a co-ordinated attack by the forces of Hezb-e Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Jalaluddin Haqqani and local Ahmadzai tribes led by Mohammad Nabi Mohammadi. The Ahmadzai were able to spearhead the assault after Hezb-e Islam and Haqqania suffered setbacks, and eventually able to capture the city and negotiate the surrender of the garrison resulting in victory on April 11, 1991.
- Tomsen, Peter. "The Wars of Afghanistan: Messianic Terrorism, Tribal Conflicts, and the failure of Great Powers." 2011
- De Ponfilly, Christophe(2001); Massoud l'Afghan; Gallimard; ISBN 2-07-042468-5
- Bear Trap: Afghanistan's Untold Story by Brigadier Mohammad Yousaf
- Greenwald, John (Jan 11, 1988). "Afghanistan Fighting for the Road to Khost". TIME. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
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