Siege of Lille (1940)

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Siege of Lille
Part of the Battle of France in World War II
21May-4June1940-Fall Gelb.svg
Situation, 21 May – 4 June 1940
Date 28–31 May 1940
Location Lille, France
Result See the 'Aftermath' section
Belligerents
France France
 Great Britain
 Germany
Commanders and leaders
France Jean-Baptiste Molinié (POW)
France Gustave Mesny (POW)
Nazi Germany Fritz Kühne (POW)
Nazi Germany Erwin Rommel
Nazi Germany Joachim Lemelsen
Nazi Germany Max von Hartlieb-Walsporn
Nazi Germany Ludwig Ritter von Radlmeier
Strength
5 divisions[1]
(40,000 men)
4 infantry divisions
3 armoured divisions[1]
(110,000 men, 800 tanks)
Lille is located in France
Lille
Lille
Lille, capital of Nord-Pas de Calais region and the prefecture of the Nord department

The Siege of Lille was a Second World War battle fought during the Battle of France. It took place from 28–31 May 1940 in the surroundings of the city of Lille, France during the Battle of France. It involved the remaining 40,000 men of the French First Army, in a delaying action against seven German divisions, including three armoured divisions, which were attempting to cut off and destroy the Allied armies at Dunkirk.

Prelude[edit]

On the night of 27/28 May, the BEF forces near Lille were able to retreat over the Lys but only the III Corps of the French First Army (General René Prioux) managed to get away.

Battle[edit]

The 4th Panzer Division, 5th Panzer Division and 7th Panzer division and the 11th Infantry Division, 217th Infantry Division, 253rd Infantry Division and 267th infantry division surrounded part of the First Army in Lille.[2] The IV Corps General de corps d'armee Boris and V Corps attempted a breakout on the west side of Lille to retreat towards the Lys at 7:30 p.m. on 28 May, when the 2e Division d'infanterie nord-africaine (2e DINA, Major-General Pierre Dame) tried to cross the Deûle river over the bridge to Sequedin (just south of Lomme). The 5e Division d'infanterie nord-africaine (5e DINA, Major-General Augustin Agliany) tried to escape over the Moulin Rouge bridge on the Santes road, south of Haubourdin. Another attempt was made during the morning of 29 May. The Germans had mined the bridge but two French tanks and two companies of infantry got across and were then repulsed.[3] For the next four days, General Molinié and mainly French North African troops fought on. Molinié and Colonel Aizier negotiated a surrender at midnight on 3/4 June and on Saturday, 1 June, at the Grand Place French troops and some British surrendered arms to the Germans. In honour of the defenders of Lille and its suburbs the garrison was allowed to march into captivity. As a consequence of the French defence of Lille, the BEF and the rest of the First Army were able to retreat into the Dunkirk perimeter.[4]

Aftermath[edit]

Analysis[edit]

In volume II of The Second World War (1949), Winston Churchill wrote of the French defence of Lille that,

...for four critical days contained no less than seven German divisions which otherwise could have joined in the assaults on the Dunkirk perimeter. This was a splendid contribution to the escape of their more fortunate comrades and of the BEF.[5]

and in 1969 William L. Shirer wrote that,

The remnants of the once formidable First Army, ... now under the command of General Molinié, held out around Lille until late on May 31, engaging seven German divisions, three of them panzer, and thus preventing them from joining the enemy assault on Dunkirk. This gallant stand helped the beleaguered Anglo-French forces around the port to hold out for an additional two to three days and thus save at least 100,000 more troops.

— Shirer[1]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Shirer 1969, p. 746.
  2. ^ Ellis 2004, Map, 214–215.
  3. ^ Sebag-Montefiore 2006, p. 624.
  4. ^ Horne 1982, p. 604.
  5. ^ Churchill 1949, p. 94.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Wrecked vehicles near Lille in 1940

Coordinates: 50°38′0″N 3°4′0″E / 50.63333°N 3.06667°E / 50.63333; 3.06667