Siege of Namwon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Siege of Namwon
Part of Imjin War
Date23 - 26 September 1597
LocationNamwon, North Jeolla
Result Japanese victory
Belligerents
Japanese Left Army

Korean Garrison

Ming army
Commanders and leaders
Ukita Hideie
Konishi Yukinaga
Shimazu Yoshihiro
So Yoshitoshi
Kuroda Nagamasa

Korea:
I Boknam

Ming:
Yang Yuan
Strength
50,000[1]

Korea:
1,000[2]

Ming:
3,000 men[3]
Casualties and losses
? 3,726[4]
Siege of Namwon
Hangul남원전투
Hanja南原戰鬪
Revised RomanizationNamwon Jeontu
McCune–ReischauerNamwǒn Chǒnt'u

The Siege of Namwon was a military engagement that occurred from 23 September to 26 September 1597. It ended in Japanese victory.

Background[edit]

Ukita Hideie marched on Namweon with around 49,600 soldiers on 11 September 1597. They arrived on 23 September.[2]

Namweon was garrisoned by 3,000 Ming soldiers and 1,000 Koreans under Yang Yuan and I Boknam.[2]

Battle[edit]

The Japanese began by sending 100 soldiers to test the fort's defenses.[5]

On 24 September, the Japanese filled the trench with straw and earth. Then they took shelter in the burned out houses in the city.[5]

On 25 September, the Japanese asked the defenders to surrender, but they refused.[4]

In the night of 26 September, the Japanese bombarded Namweon for two hours while their men climbed the walls and used fresh straw to create a ramp to the top. Unable to burn the moist rice stalks, the defenders were helpless against the Japanese onslaught. The fortress fell.[4]

Aftermath[edit]

Yang Yuan managed to break the Japanese encirclement and escape with 100 men. He reached Jeonju only to find it deserted. The Ming commander assigned to the city's defense, Chen Youyuan, not only ignored the call for help Yang had sent him, but fled the moment news of Namweon's fall arrived. Yang continued to Hanseong and arrived in the following week.[4]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Hawley 2005, p. 468.
  2. ^ a b c Hawley 2005, p. 455.
  3. ^ Hawley 2005, p. 452.
  4. ^ a b c d Hawley 2005, p. 458.
  5. ^ a b Hawley 2005, p. 457.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Alagappa, Muthiah (2003), Asian Security Order: Instrumental and Normative Features, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0-8047-4629-X
  • Arano, Yasunori (2005), The Formation of a Japanocentric World Order, International Journal of Asian Studies
  • Brown, Delmer M. (1948), "The Impact of Firearms on Japanese Warfare, 1543–1598", The Far Eastern Quarterly May 1948 (Volume 7, Number 3: pp. 236–53), Association for Asian Studies
  • Eikenberry, Karl W. (1988), "The Imjin War", Military Review 68:2:  74–82
  • Ha, Tae-hung; Sohn, Pow-key (1977), 'Nanjung Ilgi: War Diary of Admiral Yi Sun-sin, Yonsei University Press, ISBN 89-7141-018-3
  • Haboush, JaHyun Kim (2016), The Great East Asian War and the Birth of the Korean Nation
  • Hawley, Samuel (2005), The Imjin War, The Royal Asiatic Society, Korea Branch/UC Berkeley Press, ISBN 89-954424-2-5
  • Jang, Pyun-soon (1998), Noon-eu-ro Bo-nen Han-gook-yauk-sa 5: Gor-yeo Si-dae (눈으로 보는 한국역사 5: 고려시대), Park Doo-ui, Bae Keum-ram, Yi Sang-mi, Kim Ho-hyun, Kim Pyung-sook, et al., Joog-ang Gyo-yook-yaun-goo-won. 1998-10-30. Seoul, Korea.
  • Kim, Ki-chung (1999), "Resistance, Abduction, and Survival: The Documentary Literature of the Imjin War (1592–8)", Korean Culture 20:3 (Fall 1999):  20–29
  • Kim, Yung-sik (1998), "Problems and Possibilities in the Study of the History of Korean Science", Osiris, 2nd Series, Vol. 13, Beyond Joseph Needham: Science, Technology, and Medicine in East and Southeast Asia:  48–79. JSTOR
  • 桑田忠親 [Kuwata, Tadachika], ed., 舊參謀本部編纂, [Kyu Sanbo Honbu], 朝鮮の役 [Chousen no Eki] (日本の戰史 [Nihon no Senshi] Vol. 5), 1965.
  • Neves, Jaime Ramalhete (1994), "The Portuguese in the Im-Jim War?", Review of Culture 18 (1994):  20–24
  • Niderost, Eric (2001), "Turtleboat Destiny: The Imjin War and Yi Sun Shin", Military Heritage 2:6 (June 2001):  50–59, 89
  • Niderost, Eric (2002), "The Miracle at Myongnyang, 1597", Osprey Military Journal 4:1 (January 2002):  44–50
  • Park, Yune-hee (1973), Admiral Yi Sun-shin and His Turtleboat Armada: A Comprehensive Account of the Resistance of Korea to the 16th Century Japanese Invasion, Shinsaeng Press
  • Rockstein, Edward D. (1993), Strategic And Operational Aspects of Japan's Invasions of Korea 1592–1598 1993-6-18, Naval War College
  • Sadler, A. L., "The Naval Campaign in the Korean War of Hideyoshi (1592–1598)", Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan Second Series, 14 (June 1937):  179–208
  • Sansom, George (1961), A History of Japan 1334–1615, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0-8047-0525-9
  • Sohn, Pow-key (1959), "Early Korean Painting", Journal of American Oriental Society Vol. 79, No. 2. (April – June 1959):  96–103. JSTOR
  • Stramigioli, Giuliana (1954), "Hideyoshi's Expansionist Policy on the Asiatic Mainland", Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan Third Series, 3 (December 1954):  74–116
  • Strauss, Barry (2005), "Korea's Legendary Admiral", MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History Summer 2005 (Volume 17, Number 4:  52–61
  • Swope, Kenneth M. (2006), "Beyond Turtleboats: Siege Accounts from Hideyoshi's Second Invasion of Korea, 1597–1598", Sungkyun Journal of East Asian Studies (Vol. 6, No. 2. 2006 Academy of East Asian Studies.:  177–206
  • Swope, Kenneth M. (2005), "Crouching Tigers, Secret Weapons: Military Technology Employed During the Sino-Japanese-Korean War, 1592–1598", The Journal of Military History:  69,  11–42. Society for Military History
  • Swope, Kenneth M. (2002), "Deceit, Disguise, and Dependence: China, Japan, and the Future of the Tributary System, 1592–1596", The International History Review' XXIV. 4: December 2002:  757–1008
  • Swope, Kenneth M. (2009), A Dragon's Head and a Serpent's Tail: Ming China and the First Great East Asian War, 1592–1598, University of Oklahoma Press
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2002), Samurai Invasion: Japan's Korean War 1592–98, Cassell & Co, ISBN 0-304-35948-3
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2008), The Samurai Invasion of Korea 1592-98, Osprey Publishing Ltd
  • Turnbull, Stephen (1998), The Samurai Sourcebook, Cassell & Co, ISBN 1-85409-523-4
  • Villiers, John (1980), SILK and Silver: Macau, Manila and Trade in the China Seas in the Sixteenth Century (A lecture delivered to the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society at the Hong Kong Club. 10 June 1980). The HKUL Digital Initiatives External link in |title= (help)
  • Yi, Min-woong (2004), Imjin Wae-ran Haejeonsa: The Naval Battles of the Imjin War [임진왜란 해전사], Chongoram Media [청어람미디어], ISBN 89-89722-49-7

External links[edit]