Siege of Ochakov (1737)

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Siege of Ochakov
Siege of Ochakov (1737).jpg
Date2 July 1737
Location
Result Russian victory[1]
Belligerents
Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Hatibzade Yahya Pasha (POW)[2] Burkhard Christoph von Münnich[2]
Strength
20,000[2] 60,000[2][3]
Casualties and losses
17,000[a][2][3] 4,000[4][5][2][3][6]

The siege of Ochakov (1737) was a siege during the Austro-Russian–Turkish War (1735–39) in which the Russian army, led by Burkhard Christoph von Münnich, captured the Ottoman fortress of Ochakov. It took place in 1737.

The siege[edit]

Siege of Ochakov

The first Russian attack was repelled with heavy losses, but as a result of Russian mortar fire, a fire broke out, and on the second day a powder magazine within the city blew up, killing around 6,000 defenders.[2] The fortress quickly surrendered and in the ensuing slaughter, all but 3,000 of the garrison were killed.[2] The stench of decaying corpses was such that the Russians had to withdraw 15 miles from the fortress.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As a result of Russian mortar fire on the houses within the fortress, fire broke out, and on the second day of the siege, the powder magazine within the city blew up, killing an estimated 6,000 defenders. Thereafter the fortress capitulated, and in the ensuing slaughter, in spite of the white flag, all but 3,000 of the garrison were killed.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stone 2006, p. 66.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Aksan 2013, p. 107.
  3. ^ a b c Баиов А. К. Русская армия в царствование императрицы Анны Иоанновны. Война России с Турцией в 1736-1739 гг — С. 391.
  4. ^ Henry C. Lodge. The History of Nations. V. XIV. P. F. Collier. 1913. P. 309
  5. ^ Керсновский А. А. История Русской армии. 2014. P. 74
  6. ^ Grinevetsky S., Zonn I., Zhiltsov S., Kosarev A., Kostianoy A. The Black Sea Encyclopedia. Springer. 2014. P. 579

Sources[edit]

  • Aksan, Virginia H. (2013). Ottoman wars 1700-1870. Routledge.
  • Europe and the world, 1650–1830, Jeremy Black
  • Stone, David R. (2006). A Military History of Russia: From Ivan the Terrible to the War in Chechnya. Greenwood Publishing Group.