Siege of Riga (1812)

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The Siege of Riga was a military operation undertaken by the Grande Armée during the French invasion of Russia in July 1812.

The siege was led by Marshal Jacques MacDonald, with a force of 30,000 men, facing Russian defenders under command of Ivan Fyodorovich Emme.[1] The French were unable to take the city.


  1. ^ A. M. Gorshman. "ЭММЕ, Иван Федорович, генерал-лейтенант." In N. Mikhailovka, ed. Словарь русских генералов, участников боевых действий против армии Наполеона Бонапарта в 1812—1815 гг., vol. 7, pp. 626–627. Russian Archives, 1996. (Russian)

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