Siege of Sevastopol (panorama)
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The Siege of Sevastopol is a painted panorama by the Russian artist Franz Roubaud. It shows the Allied assault on the Malakhov Battery on 6 June 1855 during the Siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War, in which 173,000 British and French troops were repulsed by 75,000 Russians. It features portraits of Pavel Nakhimov, the Russian nurse Dasha and Nikolay Pirogov. He painted it between 1902 and 1904. It was unveiled in a specially designed building in 1905, the fiftieth anniversary of the siege. It was damaged during the German-Romanian siege of Sevastopol in 1942 and restored in the 1950s.
Roubaud began work on the panorama in 1901. Arriving in Sevastopol, he studied the site of the battle and historical documents, talked to participants and eyewitnesses and produced an initial drawing in Saint Petersburg. Shenhena Merten, Frosch and 20 students of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts then created the full-size 14 m by 115 m version. The finished painting was delivered to Sevastopol in summer 1904 and unveiled to the public on 14 May 1905, the fiftieth anniversary of the defence of the city. The first visitors included Russian veterans of the siege.
The building housing the panorama was badly damaged during the 1942 Siege of Sevastopol, its cupola was shattered and the Panorama itself was partly burnt. At the end of the siege, both the Nazi German war flag and the Romanian national flag were hoisted on the buildings's shattered cupola.
- (in Russian) B M Rosseykin, Panorama "Defense of Sevastopol". Guide. Ed. Third, Add. - Simferopol, Krymizdat, 1960. 96.