Siege of Ulsan

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First Siege of Ulsan
Part of the Imjin War
ChousenSyupei.jpg
Joseon and Ming dynasty soldiers assault the Japanese-built fortress at Ulsan
Date29 January - 19 February 1598
LocationUlsan Japanese Castle, Ulsan, Southern Korean Peninsula
Result Japanese Victory
Withdrawal of Korean and Ming Forces
Belligerents
Joseon and Ming Dynasty Japanese army
Commanders and leaders
Ming:
Yang Hao
Ma Gui
Joseon:
Gwon Ryul

Ulsan castle
Katō Kiyomasa
Asano Yoshinaga
Reinforcements

Mōri Hidemoto
Nabeshima Naoshige
Hachisuka Iemasa
Kuroda Nagamasa
Strength
Ming: 40,000[1]
Joseon: 10,000[1]
Ulsan castle: 10,000[2]
Casualties and losses
14,000[2] ~9,000[2]

The Siege of Ulsan (Hangul울산성 전투; Hanja; RRUlsanseong Jeontu) was an unsuccessful Ming-Joseon attempt to capture Ulsan from the Japanese. The siege lasted from 26 January to 19 February 1598.

Background[edit]

Yang Hao, Ma Gui, and Gwon Ryul met up at Gyeongju on the 26 January 1598 and marched on Ulsan with an army of 50,000.[1]

Battle[edit]

The allied army reached Ulsan on 29 January.[1]

The battle began with a false retreat that lured the Japanese garrison into a frontal attack. They were defeated with 500 losses and were forced to retreat to Tosan fortress. The allies occupied the city of Ulsan.[1]

On 30 January the allies bombarded the fortress and then took the outer wall of Tosan. The Japanese abandoned much of their food supplies and retreated into the inner fortress. The allies assaulted the inner fortress, at one point even taking a portion of the wall, but suffered heavy casualties. Their cannons were of no help either since the fortress was situated too high to reach. Eventually the attack was called off and a long siege began.[1]

On 19 February the allied forces attacked again and were repelled. Seeing Japanese reinforcements arrive, Yang Hao decided to lift the siege and retreat, but the disorganized movement led to many stragglers being cut down by the Japanese, leading to heavy casualties.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

Yang Hao would ultimately be called back to Beijing for his failure at Ulsan on 12 August 1598.[3]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Hawley 2005, p. 491.
  2. ^ a b c d Hawley 2005, p. 495.
  3. ^ Hawley 2005, p. 518.

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