Siegfried Lenz

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Siegfried Lenz
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F030757-0015, Siegfried Lenz.jpg
Lenz in 1969
Born (1926-03-17)17 March 1926
Lyck (Ełk), East Prussia
Died 7 October 2014(2014-10-07) (aged 88)
Hamburg, Germany
Occupation Novelist
Nationality German
Alma mater University of Hamburg
Period 1956–2014
Notable works The German Lesson
Notable awards
Website
www.siegfried-lenz.de

Siegfried Lenz (German: [ˈziːkfʁiːt ˈlɛnts]; 17 March 1926 – 7 October 2014) was a German writer of novels, short stories and essays, as well as dramas for radio and the theatre. In 2000 he received the Goethe Prize on the 250th Anniversary of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's birth.

Life[edit]

Siegfried Lenz was born in Lyck, East Prussia (now Ełk, Poland), the son of a customs officer. After graduating in 1943, he was drafted into the Kriegsmarine.

According to documents released in June 2007, he may have joined the Nazi Party at the age of 18 on 20 April 1944 along with several other German authors and personalities, such as Dieter Hildebrandt and Martin Walser.[1] However, Lenz subsequently said he had been included in a collective "joining" of the Party without his knowledge. Shortly before the end of World War II, he fled to Denmark, but was held briefly as a prisoner of war in Schleswig-Holstein. He then worked as a translator for the British army.[citation needed]

At the University of Hamburg he studied philosophy, English, and literary history. His studies were cut off early when he became an intern for the daily newspaper Die Welt, where he served as an editor from 1950 to 1951. It was there he met his future wife, Liselotte whom he married in 1949.

In 1951, Lenz used the money he had earned from his first novel Habichte in der Luft ("Hawks in the air") to finance a trip to Kenya. During his time there, he wrote about the Mau Mau Uprising in his short story "Lukas, sanftmütiger Knecht" ("Luke, gentle servant"). After 1951 Lenz worked as a freelance writer in Hamburg, where he joined the Group 47 group of writers. Together with Günter Grass, he became engaged with the Social Democratic Party and championed the Ostpolitik of Willy Brandt. As a supporter of rapprochement with Eastern Europe he was invited to the signing of the Treaty of Warsaw (1970).[clarification needed] In October 2011 he was made an honorary citizen of his home town Ełk, which had become Polish as a result of the border changes promulgated at the 1945 Potsdam Conference.

In 2003, Lenz joined the Verein für deutsche Rechtschreibung und Sprachpflege (Society for German Spelling and Language Cultivation) to protest the German orthography reform of 1996.[2]

He died at the age of 88 on 7 October 2014 in Hamburg.[3][4]

After his death, a previously unpublished novel, Der Überläufer ("The Turncoat"), which Lenz had written in 1951, was published. Found among his effects, it is a novel about a German soldier who defects to Soviet forces.[5]

Ethics[edit]

Romanian-German literary critic Gerhardt Csejka described Lenz as one of the German authors who saw it as his duty to help the German people "pay off the enormous debts", which "the Germans together with their ... Führer had burdened themselves." Lenz saw it as his obligation to "take preventive actions against any danger of a reoccurrence," Csejka said."[6]

Honors[edit]

In 1988 Lenz was awarded with the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, a prize given annually at the Frankfurt Book Fair.[7] The Goethe Prize of Frankfurt am Main (Goethepreis der Stadt Frankfurt) was given to Lenz in 2000.[8] A year later, Lenz was honored with the highest decoration of Hamburg, the honorary citizenship.[9] In 2004 Lenz was named an honorary citizen of Schleswig Holstein, and in October 2011 an honorary citizen of his hometown Ełk (Lyck).[10] In 2010 he won the Italian International Nonino Prize.

Siegfried Lenz Prize[edit]

The Siegfried Lenz Prize is a literary prize awarded every two years in Hamburg by the Siegfried Lenz Foundation. The prize is awarded to "international writers who have gained recognition with their narrative work and whose creative work is close to the spirit of Siegfried Lenz." A five-member jury appointed by the Foundation selects winners. The prize includes an award of 50,000 euros, ranking among the highest-endowed literature awards in Germany. The prize was initiated by Siegfried Lenz in 2014 before his death in October of that year.

Selected bibliography[edit]

Novels[edit]

Novellas and short story collections[edit]

  • So zärtlich war Suleyken: masurische Geschichten (1955) – short stories OCLC 3570259
  • Der Geist der Mirabelle: Geschichten aus Bollerup (1975) – short stories
  • Die Erzählungen (2006) – short stories ISBN 3-455-04285-6 (First published by Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag: Vol. 1: 1949–1958. Vol 2: 1959–1964. Vol. 3: 1965–1984) (English: The Selected Stories of Siegfried Lenz, selections from Die Erzählungen, 1995)
  • Schweigeminute (2008) – novella ISBN 978-3-455-04284-9

Plays[edit]

Other[edit]

Essays, children's books, speeches[edit]

  • 1970 Beziehungen, Essay
  • 1971 Die Herrschaftssprache der CDU, Speech
  • 1971 Verlorenes Land – Gewonnene Nachbarschaft, Speech
  • 1971 So war das mit dem Zirkus, Children's book
  • 1980 Gespräche mit Manès Sperber und Leszek Kołakowski
  • 1982 Über Phantasie: Gespräche mit Heinrich Böll, Günter Grass, Walter Kempowski, Pavel Kohout
  • 1983 Elfenbeinturm und Barrikade. Erfahrungen am Schreibtisch, Essay
  • 1986 Geschichte erzählen – Geschichten erzählen, Essay
  • 1992 Über das Gedächtnis. Reden und Aufsätze, Speeches and essays collection
  • 1998 Über den Schmerz, Essay
  • 2001 Mutmassungen über die Zukunft der Literatur, Essay
  • 2006 Selbstversetzung, Über Schreiben und Leben, ISBN 3-455-04286-4
  • 2014 Gelegenheit zum Staunen. Ausgewählte Essays, ed. by Heinrich Detering. Hoffmann und Campe Verlag, ISBN 978-3-455-40493-7

Filmography[edit]

  • Man in the River, directed by Eugen York (1958, based on the novel Der Mann im Strom)
  • Das Feuerschiff (de), directed by Ladislao Vajda (1963, based on the story Das Feuerschiff)
  • Time of the Innocent, directed by Thomas Fantl (1964, based on the play Die Zeit der Schuldlosen)
  • Deutschstunde (de), directed by Peter Beauvais (TV miniseries, 1971, based on the novel The German Lesson)
  • Lehmanns Erzählungen, directed by Wolfgang Staudte (TV film, 1975, based on Lehmanns Erzählungen)
  • Der Geist der Mirabelle, directed by Eberhard Pieper (TV film, 1978, based on Der Geist der Mirabelle)
  • Ein Kriegsende, directed by Volker Vogeler (TV film, 1984, based on the story Ein Kriegsende)
  • The Lightship, directed by Jerzy Skolimowski (1986, based on the story Das Feuerschiff)
  • Heimatmuseum (de), directed by Egon Günther (TV miniseries, 1988, based on the novel Heimatmuseum)
  • Das serbische Mädchen, directed by Peter Sehr (de) (1991, based on the novel Das serbische Mädchen)
  • Der Mann im Strom, directed by Niki Stein (de) (TV film, 2006, based on the novel Der Mann im Strom)
  • Das Feuerschiff, directed by Florian Gärtner (de) (TV film, 2008, based on the story Das Feuerschiff)
  • Die Auflehnung, directed by Manfred Stelzer (de) (TV film, 2009, based on the novel Die Auflehnung)
  • Arnes Nachlass, directed by Thorsten Schmidt (TV film, 2012, based on the novel Arnes Nachlass)
  • Die Flut ist pünktlich (de), directed by Thomas Berger (TV film, 2014, based on the story Die Flut ist pünktlich)
  • Der Verlust, directed by Thomas Berger (TV film, 2015, based on the novel Der Verlust)
  • Schweigeminute (de), directed by Thorsten Schmidt (TV film, 2016, based on the novel Schweigeminute)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dieter Hildebrandt soll in NSDAP gewesen sein" (in German). Die Welt. 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  2. ^ Claudia Ludwig, "Siegfried Lenz unterzeichnet die Resolution für die Wiederherstellung der Rechtschreibeinheit" Deutsche Sprachwelt. Accessed 7 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Revered German novelist Siegfried Lenz dead at 88". www.expatica.com/. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Siegfried Lenz: Novelist and playwright who played a key part in the generation of writers who studied the rise of Nazism
  5. ^ Möller, Barbara (3 March 2016). "Wie Siegfried Lenz in den Kalten Krieg geriet". Die Welt. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "Siegfried Lenz (1926), Deutschstunde". Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  7. ^ "All prize winners and speakers". Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  8. ^ "Germans celebrate Goethe festival". BBC News. 28 August 1999. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Hamburgische Ehrenbürger" (in German). Chancellery of the Senate. Archived from the original on 2011-09-25. Retrieved 2009-10-06. Hat mit seinem literarischen Werk zur Erneuerung und Anerkennung Deutschlands im Geiste des Humanismus beigetragen (Has contributed with his literary work for the renewal and recognition of Germany in the spirit of humanism) 
  10. ^ "Siegfried Lenz zum Ehrenbürger seiner Geburtsstadt ernannt" (in German). Hamburger Abendblatt. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 

External links[edit]