Siem Reap Province

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Siem Reap Province
សៀមរាប
Province
Cambodia 2638B - Angkor Wat.jpg
Cambodian Cultural Village (5633773562).jpg
PhnomKulen.jpg
Banteay Srei 26a.jpg
Cambodia, Tonle Sap IMG 3290.JPG
Ta Prohm (6202529202).jpg
Angkor SiemReap Cambodia Suor-Prat-Towers-02.jpg
Nickname(s): Gateway to Angkor
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Map of Cambodia highlighting Siem Reap
Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850Coordinates: 13°21′N 103°51′E / 13.350°N 103.850°E / 13.350; 103.850
CountryCambodia
Provincial status802
CapitalSiem Reap Municipality
Government
 • GovernorBrig. Gen. Khim Bun Song
Area
 • Total10,299 km2 (3,976 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 10th
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total896,309
 • RankRanked 6th
 • Density87/km2 (230/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 15th
Time zoneUTC+07
Dialing code+855
ISO 3166 codeKH-17
Districts12
Communes100
Villages907

Siem Reap, officially Siemreap[2] (Khmer: សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam"), is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey to the north, Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom to the east, Battambang to the south, and Banteay Meanchey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Siem Reap.

Siem Reap is the 10th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 896,309, it ranks as the 6th largest in the nation. A large portion of Siem Reap's southern border is demarcated by the Tonle Sap and as such, it is one of the nine provinces that making up the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. In modern times the province is best known as the site of Angkor and the Angkor Wat temple ruins.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Siem Reap" literally means "Siam Defeated", a reminder of the centuries-old conflict between the Siamese and the Khmer. In Siam, the province and its capital were called "Siemmarat" (Thai: เสียมราฐ), literally meaning "Siam's Territory".[3]

History[edit]

The province came under the control of the Thai kingdom of Siam in 1795 and was later returned to Cambodia in 1907 after French made a treaty with Siam for exchange of Trat and Dan Sai for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia which included Phra Tabong (Battambang), Siemmarat (Siem Reap), and Nakhon Wat (Angkor Wat). The Inner Cambodia province was split into Battambang and Siem Reap by the royal decree of King Sisowath the same year. This area became part of a disputed territory between France and Siam (now Thailand) which led to the Franco-Thai War in 1941, resulting in victory for Thailand and a return to Thai control (with exception of Siem Reap and Angkor Wat). The province again reverted to Cambodia in 1946, after the end of World War II with French and UN international pressure.

Subdivisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 11 districts and 1 municipality, 100 communes and 907 villages.[4]

ISO Code District Khmer
17-01 Angkor Chum ស្រុកអង្គរជុំ
17-02 Angkor Thom ស្រុកអង្គរធំ
17-03 Banteay Srei ស្រុកបន្ទាយស្រី
17-04 Chi Kraeng ស្រុកជីក្រែង
17-06 Kralanh ស្រុកក្រឡាញ់
17-07 Puok ស្រុកពួក
17-09 Prasat Bakong ស្រុកប្រាសាទបាគង
17-10 Siem Reap Municipality ក្រុងសៀមរាប
17-11 Sout Nikom ស្រុកសូទ្រនិគម
17-12 Srei Snam ស្រុកស្រីស្នំ
17-13 Svay Leu ស្រុកស្វាយលើ
17-14 Varin ស្រុកវ៉ារិន

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008.
  2. ^ https://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/UNGEGN/docs/8th-uncsgn-docs/inf/8th_UNCSGN_econf.94_INF.30_corr1.pdf
  3. ^ Article 6 of the "Convention between France and Siam Amending the Stipulations of the Treaty of 8 October 1904, Concerning the Territories and the Other Arrangements, Signed at Paris, the 13th February 1904."
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 27 June 2010.

External links[edit]