Siemianowice Śląskie

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Siemianowice Śląskie
City Hall
City Hall
Flag of Siemianowice Śląskie
Coat of arms of Siemianowice Śląskie
Siemianowice Śląskie is located in Silesian Voivodeship
Siemianowice Śląskie
Siemianowice Śląskie
Siemianowice Śląskie is located in Poland
Siemianowice Śląskie
Siemianowice Śląskie
Coordinates: 50°16′33″N 18°59′9″E / 50.27583°N 18.98583°E / 50.27583; 18.98583Coordinates: 50°16′33″N 18°59′9″E / 50.27583°N 18.98583°E / 50.27583; 18.98583
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
Countycity county
Established13th century
City rights1932
Government
 • City mayorRafał Piech
Area
 • City25.5 km2 (9.8 sq mi)
Highest elevation
295 m (968 ft)
Lowest elevation
260 m (850 ft)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • City66,963
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
2,746,000
 • Metro
4,620,624
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
41-100 to 41-106
Area code(s)+48 32
Car platesSI
Primary airportKatowice Airport
Websitehttp://www.siemianowice.pl

Siemianowice Śląskie also known as Siemianowice (Polish pronunciation: [ɕɛmjanɔˈvit͡sɛ ˈɕlɔ̃skʲɛ]; German: Siemianowitz-Laurahütte; Silesian: Siymianowice) is a city in Upper Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice, in its central district in the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - a metropolis with a population of 2 million people and is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Brynica river (tributary of the Vistula).

It is situated in the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999, previously in Katowice Voivodeship, and before then in the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Siemianowice is one of the cities of the 2.7 million conurbation, the Katowice urban area, at the heart of the greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[2] The population of the city is 66,963 (2019). Siemianowice Śląskie borders four cities: Piekary Śląskie, Chorzów, Czeladź and the voivodeship capital Katowice.

Etymology[edit]

There are three hypothetical explanations for the origins of the name Siemianowice: either it comes from seven huts which were called Siedminowice/Siedmionowice in Old Polish; from the old legend about Siemion (Siemian), Michał and Maciej, or Siemion, Michał and Jakub; or it comes from ziemia nawa which means earth taken away from water.

Administrative division[edit]

  • Centrum – 11,98 km2
  • Michałkowice – 5,46 km2
  • Bańgów – 2,96 km2
  • Przełajka – 2,7 km2
  • Bytków – 2,3 km2

History[edit]

Siemianowice Śląskie in the interbellum

Siemianowice dates back to medieval Piast-ruled Poland. It was probably first mentioned in documents in 1253.

In 1924, Siemianowice and Huta Laury communes were merged. The new city was named Siemianowice Śląskie and gained town privileges in 1932.

On September 1, 1939, the first day of the German invasion of Poland and World War II, there was a skirmish between German saboteurs and the Polish self-defense in the present-day district of Michałkowice.[3] German saboteurs then entered the local mine, taking several dozen Polish miners as hostages.[3] After a battle, Polish troops and volunteers, including members of the "Sokół" Polish Gymnastic Society and boy scouts, recaptured the mine.[3] There were deaths on both sides, and the Poles also captured dozens of German saboteurs.[3] The Germans eventually invaded and captured the city in the following days, and already on September 8, 1939, the German Freikorps murdered six Poles in the city.[4] In September 1939, the German Einsatzgruppe I operated in the city and committed various crimes against the Polish population.[5] During the German occupation, two forced labour camps were established and operated in the city: one for Poles (Polenlager)[6] and one for Jews.[7] In April 1944, the Germans also established a subcamp of the Auschwitz concentration camp, in which over 900 people were held and subjected to forced labour.[8] In January 1945, the prisoners of the subcamp were taken to the Mauthausen concentration camp,[8] and shortly afterwards the Germans left the city and the occupation ended.

In 1951, Michałkowice, Bytków, Bańgów and Przełajka were included within the city limits of Siemianowice as new districts.

Industry[edit]

Notable architectural structures[edit]

Sights of Siemianowice Śląskie (examples)
Park Tradycji
Municipal bath
Municipal Museum
Saint Michael Archangel church
Park Górnik
Silesian Uprisings Monument at the Freedom Square
  • Bytków TV Tower
  • Park Tradycji ("Tradition Park") at the old coal mine
  • Municipal Museum in an old granary
  • Municipal Bath
  • Palace of the Mieroszewskis and Donnersmarcks
  • Zameczek Palace (Rheinbaben Palace)
  • Town hall
  • Saint Michael Archangel church
  • Holy Cross church
  • Siemianowice Culture Center
  • Brewery

Parks and squares[edit]

  • Park Miejski ("Municipal Park")
  • Park Górnik ("Miner Park")
  • Park Pszczelnik
  • Planty Michałkowickie
  • Skwer Laury ("Laura Square")
  • Plac Wolności ("Freedom Square")

Sports[edit]

The local football club is MKS Siemianowiczanka.[9] It competes in the lower leagues.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Siemianowice Śląskie is twinned with:[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  2. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-03-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b c d "Wojna rozpoczęła się w Michałkowicach…". siemianowice.slask.pl (in Polish). 30 August 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  4. ^ Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 135.
  5. ^ Warzecha, Bartłomiej (2003). "Niemieckie zbrodnie na powstańcach śląskich w 1939 roku". Biuletyn Instytutu Pamięci Narodowej (in Polish). No. 12–1 (35–36). IPN. p. 56. ISSN 1641-9561.
  6. ^ "Polenlager Laurahütte". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Zwangsarbeitslager für Juden Laurahütte". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Laurahütte". Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  9. ^ "MKS Siemianowiczanka" (in Polish). Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Miasta partnerskie". siemianowice.pl (in Polish). Siemianowice Śląskie. Retrieved 2020-03-11.

External links[edit]