|• City mayor||Rafał Piech|
|• Total||25.5 km2 (9.8 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||295 m (968 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||260 m (850 ft)|
(31 December 2021)
|• Total||65,684 |
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
41-100 to 41-106
|Area code||+48 32|
|Primary airport||Katowice Airport|
Siemianowice Śląskie also known as Siemianowice (Polish pronunciation: [ɕɛmjanɔˈvit͡sɛ ˈɕlɔ̃skʲɛ]; German: Siemianowitz-Laurahütte; Silesian: Śymjanowice Ślůnskje) is a city in Upper Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice, in its central district in the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - a metropolis with a population of 2 million people and is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Brynica river (tributary of the Vistula).
It is situated in the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999, previously in Katowice Voivodeship, and before then in the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Siemianowice is one of the cities of the 2.7 million conurbation, the Katowice urban area, at the heart of the greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people. The population of the city is 65,684 (2021). Siemianowice Śląskie borders four cities: Piekary Śląskie, Chorzów, Czeladź and the voivodeship capital Katowice.
There are three hypothetical explanations for the origins of the name Siemianowice: either it comes from seven huts which were called Siedminowice/Siedmionowice in Old Polish; from the old legend about Siemion (Siemian), Michał and Maciej, or Siemion, Michał and Jakub; or it comes from ziemia nawa which means earth taken away from water.
- Centrum – 11,98 km2
- Michałkowice – 5,46 km2
- Bańgów – 2,96 km2
- Przełajka – 2,7 km2
- Bytków – 2,3 km2
In 1924, Siemianowice and Huta Laury communes were merged. The new city was named Siemianowice Śląskie and gained town privileges in 1932.
On September 1, 1939, the first day of the German invasion of Poland and World War II, there was a skirmish between German saboteurs and the Polish self-defense in the present-day district of Michałkowice. German saboteurs then entered the local mine, taking several dozen Polish miners as hostages. After a battle, Polish troops and volunteers, including members of the "Sokół" Polish Gymnastic Society and boy scouts, recaptured the mine. There were deaths on both sides, and the Poles also captured dozens of German saboteurs. The Germans eventually invaded and captured the city in the following days, and already on September 8, 1939, the German Freikorps murdered six Poles in the city. In September 1939, the German Einsatzgruppe I operated in the city and committed various crimes against the Polish population. During the German occupation, two forced labour camps were established and operated in the city: one for Poles (Polenlager) and one for Jews. In April 1944, the Germans also established a subcamp of the Auschwitz concentration camp, in which over 900 people were held and subjected to forced labour. In January 1945, the prisoners of the subcamp were taken to the Mauthausen concentration camp, and shortly afterwards the Germans left the city and the occupation ended.
In 1951, Michałkowice, Bytków, Bańgów and Przełajka were included within the city limits of Siemianowice as new districts.
- Adient ( United States, Car Parts Manufacturing)
- Arcelor Mittal ( Luxembourg, Steel Manufacturing)
- Fastening Elements Factory ( Poland, Fastening Hardware Manufacturing)
- Rosomak S.A. ( Poland, Defence Systems)
- Fabud ( Poland, Building Company)
- Huhtamäki ( Finland, Specialty Packaging Products)
Notable architectural structures
- Bytków TV Tower
- Park Tradycji ("Tradition Park") at the old coal mine
- Municipal Museum in an old granary
- Municipal Bath
- Palace of the Mieroszewskis and Donnersmarcks
- Zameczek Palace (Rheinbaben Palace)
- Town hall
- Saint Michael Archangel church
- Holy Cross church
- Municipal Public Library
- Siemianowice Culture Center
Parks and squares
- Park Miejski ("Municipal Park")
- Park Górnik ("Miner Park")
- Park Pszczelnik
- Planty Michałkowickie
- Skwer Laury ("Laura Square")
- Plac Wolności ("Freedom Square")
- Hugo Henckel von Donnersmarck (1811–1890), German industrialist, founder of Laurahütte
- Ernst Steinitz (1871–1928, German mathematician
- Wojciech Korfanty (1873–1939), Polish politician
- Otto Josef Schlein (1895–1944), German physician
- Michael Jary (1906–1988), German composer
- Heinz A. Lowenstam (1912–1993) German-born, Jewish-American paleoecologist
- Antoni Halor (1937–2011), Polish film director, artist, writer
- Witold Ziaja (born 1940), Polish field hockey player
- Zygmunt Maszczyk (born 1945), Polish footballer
- Józef Skrzek (born 1948), musician, leader of SBB band
- Barbara Blida (1949–2007), Polish politician
- Bronisław Korfanty (born 1952), Polish senator
- Apostolis Anthimos (born 1954), musician
- Henryk Średnicki (1955–2016), Olympic boxer
- Krzysztof Globisz (born 1957), Polish actor
- Daniel Podrzycki (1963–2005), Polish politician
- Jacek Fröhlich (born 1965), Automotive Designer, BMW exterior design chief
- Kryspin Hermański (born 1984), Polish dancer
- Karol Gwóźdź (born 1987), Silesian artist, writer and musician
- Kajetan Duszyński (born 1995), Polish sprinter, Olympic medallist
Twin towns – sister cities
- "Local Data Bank". Statistics Poland. Retrieved 16 August 2022. Data for territorial unit 2474000.
- European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) "Project 1.4.3". Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "Wojna rozpoczęła się w Michałkowicach…". siemianowice.slask.pl (in Polish). 30 August 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
- Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 135.
- Warzecha, Bartłomiej (2003). "Niemieckie zbrodnie na powstańcach śląskich w 1939 roku". Biuletyn Instytutu Pamięci Narodowej (in Polish). No. 12–1 (35–36). IPN. p. 56. ISSN 1641-9561.
- "Polenlager Laurahütte". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 15 May 2021.
- "Zwangsarbeitslager für Juden Laurahütte". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 15 May 2021.
- "Laurahütte". Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
- "MKS Siemianowiczanka" (in Polish). Retrieved 15 May 2021.
- "Miasta partnerskie". siemianowice.pl (in Polish). Siemianowice Śląskie. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
- This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Polish Wikipedia (December 2008)