Sierra Leone Police
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|Sierra Leone Police|
|Common name||Salone Police|
|Motto||A Force for Good|
|Operations jurisdiction||Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone|
|Legal jurisdiction||Throughout Sierra Leone|
|Governing body||Government of Sierra Leone|
|Headquarters||George Street, Freetown, Sierra Leone|
|Parent agency||Sierra Leone Ministry of Internal Affairs|
The Sierra Leone Police (SLP) is the national police force of the Republic of Sierra Leone, that is primarily responsible for law enforcement and crime investigation throughout Sierra Leone. The Sierra Leone Police is part undet the jurisdiction of the Sierra Leone Ministry of Internal Affairs, a cabinet ministry in the Government of Sierra Leone.
The Sierra Leone Police is headed by the Inspector General of police (IGP), who is the overall head of the police force. The Inspector General of Police is appointed by the president of Sierra Leone, and the president has the constitutional authority to fire the Inspector General of Police at any time.
The current Inspector General of the Sierra Leone Police is Dr Richard Moigbe, who was promoted from Deputy Inspector general of Police, a position he held since 2010, to Inspect General of Police on November 30, 2017 by President Ernest Bai Koroma Moigbe succeeded Francis Munu who had been the Inspector General of the Sierra Leone Police since 2010, until he was removed as Inspector General of the Sierra Leone Police on November 30, 2017 by President Koroma, and is now the Sierra Leone Ambassador to Liberia.
The key mission of the Sierra Leone Police include to prevent crime, to protect life and property, to detect and prosecute offenders, to maintain public order, to ensure safety and security, to enhance access to justice and to ensure police primacy for internal security and safety.
The Colony of Freetown was set up in 1808 as a settlement for freed slaves, with a police force whose authority was restricted solely to the city limits of the colony itself. By 1889 colonial authority had been extended to the provinces. Police authority was also extended to these areas and performed largely paramilitary duties as opposed to the civil police back in the colony. The force at this point became known as the West African Frontier Force.
A Royal Gazette of October 1894 established the Sierra Leone Police Force. Following independence in April 1961, the Sierra Leone Parliament passed the Police Act of 1964 to consolidate and amend the law relating to the organization, discipline, powers and duties of the Sierra Leone Police (SLP).
Efforts were made during the initial post-conflict police reform process to increase the number of women in the police. However, during visits, it was found that newly recruited women police officers were sometimes expected to do little more than cook lunch for their male colleagues.
The Sierra Leone Police (SLP) is headed by The Inspector General of Police, The professional head of the Sierra Leone Police forces who is appointed by the president of Sierra Leone. The Inspector General of Police is assisted by the Deputy Inspector General of Police. The current Inspector General of the Sierra Leone Police is Dr Richard Moigbe. The Deputy Inspector General of Police is Fodie Umaru Karefa Daboh.
At the national command level, There are 16 Assistant Inspector Generals of Police (AIG) with responsibility for Operations, Human Resources; Training; Medical Services; Crime Services; Support Services; Professional Standards; Corporate Affairs; Peacekeeping; Gender Affairs; Community Affairs; Traffic Management; Intelligence; Presidential Guard; Infrastructure and the Operational Support Division (OSD), (the armed wing of the SLP). Regional commanders known as Regpols who are also AIGs carry regional responsibilities for the Freetwon West Area, Freetown East Area, North East Area, North West Area, Southern Province and Eastern Province. All of these AIGs assist the IGP and the DIG in the running of the day-to-day affairs of the SLP. This is done through a joined up leadership approach practicalised into an Executive Management Board, the highest policy making body in the organisation which meets once every week under the chairmanship of the IGP.
Working in Partnership
The International Security Advisory Team (ISAT) based in Freetown (These are UK advisers to the Police, Military and Government of Sierra Leone) currently has two UK Police Officers working with the SLP in order to work together to enhance professionalism within the Sierra Leone Police, to improve Public Safety and build Community Confidence. An 18 month programme delivering officer safety training, public order command training at Gold, Silver and Bronze level, and tactical public order training, was completed and the Sierras Leone Police are now able to continue training themselves in these skills and have so far trained a further 1000 officers without external assistance. (March 2018) Community policing projects are being rolled out across Sierra Leone, having had a proof of concept in Kambia District, it was extended to Kailahun in the Eastern region, this has been running for a year and has proved very successful. Due to this Kenema also benefitted from the program and it is anticipated it will be country wide within the next 2 years. Leadership training is now underway across the middle management including the National Decision Model, Threat and Risk assessments and Human Rights issue. ISAT sponsored 3 female officers to undergo a Gender awareness and sensitivity "train the trainer" program and a 2-day conference was hosted to build Gender awareness across the security sector. Participants came from Sierra Leone Police, Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces, National Fire Force, Correction Services, Office of National Security and Road Safety Authority.
Each one of Sierra Leone's 12 administrative districts has its own District Police Unit, which is a sub department of each Regional Police Command, whilst there are four administrative regions of Sierra Leone, there are 6 Police Regions. Each one of Sierra Leone's twelve administrative districts is headed by a local unit commander, who are subordinate to the regional police commanders. The capital Freetown is part of the Western Area police division but is split into 2 each being led by an Assistant Inspector General.
The Sierra Leone Police is divided into the following departments:
- Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is primarily responsible for investigating major crimes
- Operational Support Division (OSD) this unit supports the general duties police and is trained to perform high-risk duties including to control riots, and violence protest. OSD had an establishment of seven rifle companies, and was described as 'in many ways' [the OSD is infantry, like the army]. It was composed of 3,055 officers in 2007.
- Traffic police Unit primarily responsible for enforcing traffic safety and control the movement of traffic in all highways and major traffic crossings across Sierra Leone.
- Media and Public Relation Unit responsible for the collection and release of police activities to the public and media.
- Legal and Justice Department responsible of prosecuting civil and criminal cases to court.
- Human Resource Department deals with the welfare, salaries, employments, promotions, benefits and transfers of police officers.
- Community Relations Department (CRD) established to build a working relationship between the police and the public.
- Complaint Discipline Internal Investigation Department (CDID) They receive confidential complaints from public on police activities, and police misconduct.
- Precious Mineral Department responsible of protecting and investigating all act related to the country's mineral resources. They work closely with the Sierra Leone ministry of mines and natural resources.
- Interpol Department investigate criminal affairs link to other countries.
- Family Support Unit (FSU) handles domestic and family issues.
Police Divisions and Leadership
|Sierra Leone Police Division||SLP Local Unit Commander(LUC)|
|Inspector General of Police||Dr Richard Moigbe|
|Deputy Inspector General of Police||F.U.K Daboh|
|SLP Director of Operations||Assistant Inspector General Elizabeth A. Turay|
|SLP Director of Human Resource Management||Assistant Inspector General Aiah Edward Samadia|
|SLP Director of Gender Services||Assistant Inspector General Mustapha Kamara|
|SLP Director of Operational Support Division||Assistant Inspector General Augustine Kailie|
|SLP Director of Corporate Affairs||Assistant Inspector General Mumunata Konteh-Jalloh|
|SLP Director of Internal Audit||Chief Superintendent Edward Conteh|
|SLP Director of Traffic Division||Assistant Inspector General Sahr Senesie|
|SLP Director of Training||Assistant Inspector General Sahr Marka|
|SLP Director of Support Services||Assistant Inspector General Patrick Johnson|
|SLP Director of Peacekeeping||Assistant Inspector General Gloria O. V Tarawallie|
|SLP Director of Crime Services||Assistant Inspector General Mohamed Brima Jah|
|SLP Director of Infrastructure||Assistant Inspector General Ibrahim Koroma|
|SLP Director of Integrated Intelligence Services||Assistant Inspector General Saidu Jalloh|
|SLP Director of Professional Standards and Moral Affairs||Assistant Inspector General Samuel Tarawally|
|SLP Director of Medical Services||Assistant Inspector General Dr Mohamed Jalloh|
|SLP Director of Presidential Guard||Assistant Inspector General William Sellu|
|SLP Regional Commander Of the Freetown Western Area||Assistant Inspector General Thomas Lahai|
|SLP Regional Commander of the Freetown Eastern Area||Assistant Inspector General Frank Alpha|
|SLP Regional Commander of the Southern Province Police Division||Assistant Inspector General Kapri Kamara|
|SLP Regional Commander of the Eastern Province Police Division||Assistant Inspector General Francis Bundor|
|SLP Regional Commander of the North Eastern Province, Sierra Leone Police Division||Assistant Inspector General Jorwular Gbonnoh|
|SLP Regional Commander of the North Western Province, Sierra Leone Police Division||Assistant Inspector General Ambrose Sovula|
- Anderlini and Conway, 'Security Sector Reform,' in 'Inclusive Security, Sustainable Peace: A Toolkit for Advocacy and Action,' Hunt Alternative Fund and International Alert, 2004, p.35, in Hendricks and Valsek chapter, Security Sector Transformation in Africa, DCAF, 2007, 74
- Albrecht and Paul Jackson, Security System Transformation in Sierra Leone 1997-2007, 139.
- Police Homepage