Sierra Nevada del Cocuy

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Parque Natural Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita o Guican
Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita o Guican National Natural Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Pico Pan de Azucar.JPG
Pan de Azúcar (5120 m) in the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy
Map showing the location of Parque Natural Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita o Guican
Map showing the location of Parque Natural Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita o Guican
LocationDepartments of Arauca, Boyacá and Casanare
Nearest cityTame, Arauca, Colombia
Coordinates06°26′00″N 72°17′00″W / 6.43333°N 72.28333°W / 6.43333; -72.28333Coordinates: 06°26′00″N 72°17′00″W / 6.43333°N 72.28333°W / 6.43333; -72.28333
Area3,062 km2 (1,182 sq mi)
Established1977
Governing bodySINAP

The Sierra Nevada del Cocuy Chita o Guican National Natural Park (or Sierra Nevada de Chita or Sierra Nevada de Güicán, Spanish: Parque Natural Sierra Nevada del Cocuy Chita o Guican is a national park and a set of highlands within the Cordillera Oriental mountain range in the Andes Mountains of Colombia.

Snow peaks[edit]

The Park area contains several high peaks covered with snow:[1]

Pan de Azúcar (5120m), Diamante (4800 m), el Púlpito del Diablo (5100 m), Toti (4800 m), Portales (4800 m), Cóncavo (5200 m), Concavito (5100 m), San Pablines South (5180 m) and North (5200 m), Ritacuba Blanco (5330 m), Picacho (5030 m), Puntiagudo (5200 m), Ritacuba Negro (5300 m), el Castillo (5100 m), peak without name (5000 m), Sirara (5200 m).

A hiker reaches the glacier atop Ritak U'wa Blanco in Sierra Nevada de Cocuy National Park, part of the Cordillera Oriental of the Colombian Andes.

An 1856 watercolor by Manuel María Paz is an early depiction of the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy in Casanare Province.[2]

Native peoples[edit]

Indigenous natives of the region are the U'wa (Tunebos) and their reservation overlaps the area of the park and thus part of the park is dedicated to their farming, grazing, hunting and fishing activities.[3][4]

From 1969 to 1977 in the area of the park and the surrounding area, the Colombian government promoted colonisation from elsewhere in Colombia. This resulted in loss of U'wa lands as well as other settlement enclaves within the park.[3]

Regional geology[edit]

Cretaceous stratigraphy of the central Colombian Eastern Ranges
Age Paleomap VMM Guaduas-Vélez W Emerald Belt Villeta anticlinal Chiquinquirá-
Arcabuco
Tunja-
Duitama
Altiplano Cundiboyacense El Cocuy
Maastrichtian Blakey 065Ma - COL.jpg Umir Fm. Córdoba Fm. Seca Fm. eroded Guadalupe Gp. Colón-Mito Juan Fm.
Umir Fm.
Campanian Córdoba Fm.
Oliní Gp.
Santonian La Luna Fm. Cimarrona Fm. - La Tabla Fm. La Luna Fm.
Coniacian Oliní Gp. Conejo Fm. Chipaque Fm.
Loma Gorda Fm. undefined La Frontera Fm.
Turonian Blakey 090Ma - COL.jpg Hondita Fm. La Frontera Fm. Otanche Fm.
Cenomanian Simití Fm. hiatus La Corona Gb. Simijaca Fm. Capacho Fm.
Pacho Fm. Hiló Fm. - Pacho Fm. Churuvita Fm. Une Fm. Aguardiente Fm.
Albian Blakey 105Ma - COL.jpg Hiló Fm. Chiquinquirá Sst. Tibasosa Fm. Une Fm.
Tablazo Fm. Tablazo Fm. Capotes Fm. - La Palma Fm. - Simití Fm. Simití Fm. Tibú-Mercedes Fm.
Aptian Capotes Fm. Socotá Fm. - El Peñón Fm. Paja Fm. Fómeque Fm.
Paja Fm. Paja Fm. El Peñón Fm. Trincheras Fm. Río Negro Fm.
La Naveta Fm.
Barremian Blakey 120Ma - COL.jpg
Hauterivian Muzo Fm. Las Juntas Fm.
Rosablanca Fm. Ritoque Fm.
Valanginian Ritoque Fm. Furatena Fm. Útica Fm. - Murca Fm. Rosablanca Fm. Girón Fm. Macanal Fm.
Rosablanca Fm.
Berriasian Blakey 150Ma - COL.jpg Cumbre Fm. Cumbre Fm. Los Medios Fm. Guavio Fm.
Tambor Fm. Arcabuco Fm. Cumbre Fm.
Sources


Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "El Cocuy Boyacá"(in Spanish) (Retrieved on January 6, 2008)
  2. ^ Paz, Manuel María. "View of the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita, or Güicán, from Moreno, Province of Casanare". World Digital Library. Retrieved 2014-05-21.
  3. ^ a b Cabrero, Ferran (ed.). "U'wa Dossier". UNESCO Centre de Catalunya (UNESCO Center of Catalonia). Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  4. ^ "Comunicado del pueblo Uwa denuncia la incapacidad de Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia". Radio Macondo (in Spanish). 19 March 2016. Archived from the original on 5 May 2016.

External links[edit]