Sierra Norte de Sevilla
|Sierra Norte de Sevilla|
View of the Sierra Norte rising above Constantina
|Peak||Cerro de La Capitana|
|Elevation||960 m (3,150 ft)|
|Length||48 km (30 mi) ENE/WSW|
|Width||15 km (9.3 mi) NNW/SSE|
|Parent range||Sierra Morena|
|Age of rock||Paleozoic|
|Type of rock||Granite, schist, slate and quartzite|
Sierra Norte de Sevilla or Sierra Norte (Northern Range) is one of the western mountain ranges of the Sierra Morena, Andalusia, Spain. Its name derives from its location at the northern part of Sevilla Province. The highest point of the range is the 960 m high Cerro de La Capitana.
The Sierra Norte is not very high and its mountains have generally a rounded shape except for the occasional karstic crags. 962 m high Cerro de La Capitana is the highest point of the range. The Odiel and Murtigas are the main rivers in the area of the range.
The Sierra Norte is properly a massif that includes the subranges of Sierra del Agua, highest point 910 m high Pico Hamapega, the Sierra de La Grana at the edge of the Plains of Guadalcanal, and the Sierra de San Miguel.
The climate is less humid than in the Sierra de Aracena further west. Holm oaks are more common, growing in clarified forests where there are also large clearings, known locally as dehesas. These are characteristic of the Sierra Morena landscape and are traditional pasture zones for cattle and pigs. Also typical are the gallery forests shading the rivers of the range that provide a home to birds such as the Spanish imperial eagle, the cinereous vulture and the black stork.
The geological structure of the Sierra Norte is quite complex. It includes terrain similar to the geology of the Appalachians, together with granitic terrain, tabular sheet intrusions, as well as karstic and pure shear.