Sierra del Rosario
|Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Reserve|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
The Mirador de Soroa
|Nearest city||La Palma|
|Area||266.86 km2 (103.04 sq mi)|
|Established||February 15, 1984|
Sierra del Rosario is a mountain range in the provinces of Pinar del Río and Artemisa, western Cuba. It is located in the eastern part of the Guaniguanico range and, along with the Sierra de los Órganos, is part of it.
The range lies in the north-western part of the province of Pinar del Río and in the eastern part of Artemisa's one; between the municipalities of La Palma, Los Palacios, Consolación del Sur, Bahía Honda, Candelaria and San Cristóbal.
It was established as a Biosphere Reserve and an IUCN Managed Resource Protected Area on February 15, 1984, being the first one in Cuba to be classified as such. It protects a total area of 266.86 km2 (103.04 sq mi), of tropical forests with evergreen and semi-deciduous environments.
Over 800 species of plants are hosted in the mesic forest that covers the mountains, with 35% being endemic. Fauna includes five species of bats, numerous birds (notably the Bee hummingbird), as well as the Yellow-Striped Pygmy Eleuth (Eleutherodactylus limbatus), various frogs as the Eleutherodactylus zeus and one of the smallest ones in the world, and various lizards such as the Anolis luteogulartis.
- National Protected Areas System of Cuba (2005). "Protected Areas" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-10-10.
- Department of Tourism, Cuba. "Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra del Rosario" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-11.
- Radio Habana. "Sierra del Rosario" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2007-10-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sierra del Rosario.|
Sierra del Rosario travel guide from Wikivoyage