Sigar

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This article is about members of the villainous Sikling clan. For the U.S. Inspector General for Afghan Reconstruction (SIGAR), see Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction. For the free software library, see Sigar (software). For the Bishop of Wells, see Sigar of Wells. For the village in Iran, see Sigar, Iran. For the administrative subdivision of Iran, see Sigar Rural District.

The name Sigar can refer to three people in Scandinavian mythology, surrounding the legends of Sigurd the dragon slayer. One of them only appears as the friend of Helgi Hjörvarðsson in the eddic lay Helgakviða Hjörvarðssonar. The other two appear as the villainous members of the same clan in several sources.

Icelandic sources[edit]

Snorri Sturluson writes in the Skáldskaparmál that two Sigars belong to the same clan, the Siklings, and that they are the relatives of Siggeir, the villainous Geatish king in the Völsunga saga.

In Hversu Noregr byggðist, it is given in more detail that Sigar the elder had two sons, Sigmund and Siggeir who killed Völsung. Sigmund had the son Sigar the younger, who killed Hagbard.

It is told in the Völsunga saga that Sigar the younger was in a feud with Hagbard and Haki and his sons. He had kidnapped one of Haki's daughters and murdered a second:

Sigar the younger is also mentioned in Háleygjatal (as quoted in Ynglinga saga), where a gallows is referred to as "Sigar's steed" (Sigars jó):

En Guðlaugr
grimman tamdi
við ofrkapp
austrkonunga
Sigars jó,
er synir Yngva
menglötuð
við meið reiddu.
Og náreiðr
á nesi drúpir
vingameiðr,
þar er víkur deilir,
þar er fjölkunnt
um fylkis hreyr
steini merkt,
Straumeyjarnes.[3][4]
By the fierce East-kings' cruel pride,
Gudlog must on the wild horse ride --
The wildest horse you e'er did see:
'Tis Sigur's steed -- the gallows tree.
At Stromones the tree did grow,
Where Gudlog's corpse waves on the bough.
A high stone stands on Stromo's heath,
To tell the gallant hero's death.[5][6]

Gesta Danorum[edit]

In Gesta Danorum (book 7), Saxo tells that Sigar had a daughter named Signy. Sigar was in a feud with Haki's brother Hagbard, but was informed by Signy's handmaid, that Hagbard had a secret love affair with Signy. Sigar decided to hang Hagbard, who, however, managed to inform Signy of this. Signy set her house on fire and succumbed in the flames while Hagbard executed himself in the gallows. Sigar tried in vain to save both Hagbard and Signy but failed. His only consolation was to bury the treacherous maid alive.

Gesta Danorum disagrees with the other sources by presenting Sigar as the son of Sywaldus, who was the son of Ungvinus, a Geatish king who became the king of Denmark.

References[edit]

  1. ^ CyberSamurai Encyclopedia of Norse Mythology: Prose Edda - Skáldskaparmál (English)
  2. ^ The Völsunga saga, translated by William Morris and Eirikr Magnusson.
  3. ^ Háleygjatal
  4. ^ Ynglinga saga at Norrøne Tekster og Kvad
  5. ^ Laing's translation at the Internet Sacred Text Archive
  6. ^ Laing's translation at Northvegr
Legendary titles
Preceded by
Sywaldus I
King of Denmark Succeeded by
Haraldus Hyldetan