View over Siglufjörður
|Nickname(s): "Síldarbærinn" (Herring Town), Sigló'|
Location of the Municipality of Fjallabyggð
|• Total||155 km2 (60 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2011)|
|• Density||9.28/km2 (24.0/sq mi)|
Location of the former Municipality of Siglufjörður
The population in 2011 was 1,206; the town has been shrinking in size since the 1950s when the town reached its peak of 3,000 inhabitants.
The municipalities of Ólafsfjörður and Siglufjörður, connected since 2010 by the Héðinsfjörður Tunnels, merged in 2006 to form a municipality called Fjallabyggð, which literally means Mountain Settlement.
The town grew up around the herring industry that was very strong in the 1940s and 1950s. Herring fishing is no longer productive in the region.
Siglufjörður was connected with a road for the first time in 1940, when the horse riding trail through Siglufjarðarskarð was improved enabling cars to get through. Before that ships, seaplanes, horses and strong legs provided the transport.
Today the town remains dependent on fishing industries. The government of Iceland is attempting to reverse the population shrinking in the area by improving land transportation. The dual Héðinsfjörður Tunnels, with a total length of 11 km (6.8 mi), were dug between Siglufjörður and Ólafsfjörður to connect with the region of Eyjafjörður in the east, and opened on 2 October 2010. Siglufjörður was already connected by the 800 m Strákar Tunnel to the west; it used to be the town's only road connection open year-round. That tunnel was completed in 1967 and before then the only road to the town was a narrow mountain pass between Siglufjörður and Héðinsfjörður, open only during the summer. The new tunnel opened interesting mountain tracks and trout fishing opportunities to those without boats and unwilling to walk the old trail.
The old road to Siglufjörður is open during the summer. It is the highest mountain road in Iceland and is used today for hiking, horseriding and pleasure driving.
There have not been regular flights to Siglufjörður for many years, but private small planes make frequent landings. The closest airport with scheduled flights is in Akureyri, an hour's drive from Siglufjörður.
- Political division
- Mainly statistical division
- "Around Iceland 2015: Fjallabyggð", Iceland Monitor, Morgunblaðið, 9 September 2015.
- "Daylight calculator (number of daylight hours, with sunrise and sunset, and daylight saving time) in Siglufjörður, Islandia". jan.moesen.nu. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Siglufjörður.|
- The Town's official website (www.fjallabyggd.is)
- http://www.sild.is/en Herring Era Museum, English homepage
- The unofficial website for the inhabitants of Siglufjörður, includes web cam. (vefmyndavél)
- The Folk Music Center of Siglufjordur
- Folk music festival of Siglufjordur
- More information and photos about Siglufjörður on Hit Iceland