Sigma Arietis

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Sigma Arietis
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Aries constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg
Location of σ Arietis (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Aries
Right ascension 02h 51m 29.58609s[1]
Declination +15° 04′ 55.4500″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +5.52[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B7 V[3]
U−B color index –0.43[2]
B−V color index –0.09[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)+17.0[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +30.13[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –23.68[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)6.60 ± 0.32[1] mas
Distance490 ± 20 ly
(152 ± 7 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)−0.38[5]
Details
Mass3.84 ± 0.08[6] M
Radius3[7] R
Luminosity301[6] L
Temperature13,121[6] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i)165[6] km/s
Other designations
σ Ari, 43 Arietis, BD+14 480, FK5 1079, HD 17769, HIP 13327, HR 847, SAO 93144.[8]
Database references
SIMBADdata

Sigma Arietis, Latinized from σ Arietis, is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Aries. It has an apparent visual magnitude of +5.52,[2] which is bright enough for the star to be seen with the naked eye from dark suburban skies. Based upon an annual measured parallax shift of 6.60 ± 0.32 mas,[1] it is approximately 494 light-years (151 parsecs) distant from the Earth.

Sigma Arietis is a B-type main sequence star with a stellar classification of B7 V.[3] This is a large star with three[7] times the radius of the Sun and 3.8[6] times the Sun's mass. It shines around 301[6] times as brightly as the Sun, with this energy being radiated into space from its outer atmosphere at a scorching hot effective temperature of 13,121 K.[6] It is this heat that gives the star the blue-white hue of a B-type star. Sigma Arietis is spinning at a rapid clip, with a projected rotational velocity of 165 km/s.[6] It is a probable member of the Cas-Tau OB association of stars that share a common motion through space.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Crawford, D. L.; Barnes, J. V.; Golson, J. C. (1971), "Four-color, H-beta, and UBV photometry for bright B-type stars in the northern hemisphere", The Astronomical Journal, 76: 1058, Bibcode:1971AJ.....76.1058C, doi:10.1086/111220. 
  3. ^ a b Lesh, Janet Rountree (December 1968), "The Kinematics of the Gould Belt: an Expanding Group?", Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 17: 371, Bibcode:1968ApJS...17..371L, doi:10.1086/190179. 
  4. ^ Wielen, R.; et al. (1999), Sixth Catalogue of Fundamental Stars (FK6). Part I. Basic fundamental stars with direct solutions (35), Astronomisches Rechen-Institut Heidelberg, Bibcode:1999VeARI..35....1W. 
  5. ^ Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Zorec, J.; Royer, F. (January 2012), "Rotational velocities of A-type stars. IV. Evolution of rotational velocities", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 537: A120, arXiv:1201.2052Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012A&A...537A.120Z, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201117691. 
  7. ^ a b Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; et al. (February 2001), "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS) - Third edition - Comments and statistics", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 367: 5211–524, arXiv:astro-ph/0012289Freely accessible, Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451 
  8. ^ "sig Ari". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2012-07-18. 
  9. ^ de Zeeuw, P. T.; et al. (January 1999), "A HIPPARCOS Census of the Nearby OB Associations", The Astronomical Journal, 117 (1): 354–399, arXiv:astro-ph/9809227Freely accessible, Bibcode:1999AJ....117..354D, doi:10.1086/300682. 

External links[edit]