Signal Technology Foundation
|Predecessor||Open Whisper Systems|
|Founded||January 10, 2018|
|Type||501(c)(3) nonprofit organization|
|Focus||Open-source privacy technology|
|Headquarters||650 Castro Street, Suite 120-223 |
|Subsidiaries||Signal Messenger LLC.|
|Expenses (2020)||$21,272,520 |
The Signal Technology Foundation, commonly known as the Signal Foundation, is an American non-profit organization founded in 2018 by Moxie Marlinspike and Brian Acton. Its mission is "to develop open-source privacy technology that protects free expression and enables secure global communication." Its subsidiary, Signal Messenger LLC, is responsible for the development of the Signal messaging app and the Signal Protocol.
On February 21, 2018, Moxie Marlinspike and WhatsApp co-founder Brian Acton announced the formation of the Signal Foundation, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. The foundation was started with an initial $50 million loan from Acton, who had left WhatsApp's parent company, Facebook, in September 2017. The Freedom of the Press Foundation had previously served as the Signal project's fiscal sponsor and continued to accept donations on behalf of the project while the foundation's non-profit status was pending. By the end of 2018, the loan had increased to $105,000,400, which is due to be repaid on February 28, 2068. The loan is unsecured and at 0% interest.
Signal Foundation has been led by a Chairman, which is separate from the leadership roles of Signal Messenger.
List of chairmen
- Brian Acton (2018–present)
As of October 2020, the Signal Foundation board of directors has three members:
- Brian Acton (co-founder, Chairman of Signal Foundation and interim CEO of Signal Messenger LLC)
- Moxie Marlinspike (co-founder)
- Meredith Whittaker (president)
Signal Messenger LLC
|Formation||10 January 2018|
|Type||Limited liability company|
|Products||Signal, Signal Protocol|
|Signal Technology Foundation|
|Affiliations||Freedom of the Press Foundation|
Signal Messenger LLC was founded simultaneously with the Signal Technology Foundation and operates as its subsidiary. It is responsible for the development of the Signal messaging app and the Signal Protocol. Moxie Marlinspike served as Signal Messenger's first CEO until stepping down on January 10, 2022. Brian Acton has volunteered to serve as interim CEO while the organization searches for a new CEO.
Along with the Chairman of the Signal Foundation, Signal Messenger has been traditionally led by a CEO. This was until September 2022, when a new role of President was created, which is dedicated to more core lanes of strategy.
List of CEOs
- Moxie Marlinspike (2018–2022)
- Brian Acton; interim (2022–present)
List of presidents
- Meredith Whittaker (2022–present)
- ^ "Signal Technology Foundation". OpenCorporates. Delaware Department of State: Division of Corporations. 15 July 2018. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- ^ a b c d "Signal Technology Foundation". Nonprofit Explorer. Pro Publica Inc. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
- ^ a b c "Statement of Information" (PDF). businesssearch.sos.ca.gov. California Secretary of State. 28 August 2018. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- ^ a b c d e Marlinspike, Moxie; Acton, Brian (21 February 2018). "Signal Foundation". Signal.org. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- ^ a b "A Message from Signal's New President". Signal. 8 September 2022.
- ^ Wiener, Anna (19 October 2020). "Taking Back Our Privacy". The New Yorker. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
- ^ a b c "Signal Foundation". signalfoundation.org. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
- ^ a b Greenberg, Andy (21 February 2018). "WhatsApp Co-Founder Puts $50M Into Signal To Supercharge Encrypted Messaging". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- ^ a b "Signal Technology Foundation - Form 990 for period ending December 2018". Nonprofit Explorer. ProPublica. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
- ^ "A Message from Signal's New President". Signal Messenger. Retrieved 2022-09-06.
- ^ "Signal Messenger, LLC". OpenCorporates. Delaware Department of State: Division of Corporations. 15 July 2018. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- ^ a b c "Statement of Information" (PDF). businesssearch.sos.ca.gov. California Secretary of State. 3 October 2018. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- ^ a b c Marlinspike, Moxie (10 January 2022). "New year, new CEO". signal.org. Signal Messenger. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
- ^ Timm, Trevor (8 December 2016). "Freedom of the Press Foundation's new look, and our plans to protect press freedom for 2017". Freedom of the Press Foundation. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- ^ "Why Signal won't compromise on encryption, with president Meredith Whittaker". The Verge. 18 October 2022.
- Greenberg, Andy (14 February 2020). "Signal Is Finally Bringing Its Secure Messaging to the Masses". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
- Official website
- "Signal Foundation", announcement by Moxie Marlinspike and Brian Acton, 21 February 2018