Signals (Rush album)

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Signals
Rush Signals.jpg
Studio album by Rush
Released September 9, 1982
Recorded April–July 15, 1982
Studio Le Studio, Morin-Heights, Quebec, Canada
Genre
Length 43:12
Label Anthem
Producer
Rush chronology
Exit...Stage Left
(1981)
Signals
(1982)
Grace Under Pressure
(1984)
Singles from Signals
  1. "New World Man"
    Released: August 1982
  2. "Subdivisions"
    Released: May 1982
  3. "The Analog Kid"
    Released: 1982
  4. "The Weapon (Part II of 'Fear')"
    Released: 1983
  5. "Countdown"
    Released: February 1983

Signals is the ninth studio album by Canadian rock band Rush, released in September 1982 by Anthem Records. After the release of their previous album, Moving Pictures, the band started to prepare material for a follow-up during soundchecks on their 1981 concert tour and during the mixing of their subsequent live album Exit...Stage Left. Signals demonstrates the group continuing with the use of synthesizers, sequencers, and other electronic instrumentation. It is their last album produced by their longtime associate Terry Brown, who had worked with them since 1974.

The album peaked at No. 1 in Canada, No. 3 in the United Kingdom, and No. 10 in the United States. In November 1982, the album was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for selling one million copies in the United States. Rush released four singles from the album: "New World Man", which remains their highest charting single in the United States, "Subdivisions", "The Weapon", and "Countdown". The group supported Signals with a concert tour from April 1982 to May 1983. It has been reissued several times, including a remaster with a new stereo and 5.1 surround sound mix in 2011.

Background and recording[edit]

In July 1981, Rush ended their tour in support of their previous album Moving Pictures[2] The album became their most commercially successful of their history, granting them their first No. 1 album in Canada and selling over one million copies in the United States at the tour's conclusion.[3] Rush then took a three-month break, during which they oversaw the production and mixing of their second live release, Exit...Stage Left, at Le Studio in Morin-Heights, Quebec. In one of drummer and lyricist Neil Peart's diary entries written during this time, he had been cleaning a Hayman drum kit that were housed in the studio and, in September 1981, began working out a song with two members of the band's road crew, the unreleased "Tough Break".[4] Peart was also working on lyrics, in particular a set which included "Subdivisions", a track the group would later record for Signals.[4]

Having arranged some material for their next studio album, Rush toured North America and Europe from October to December 1981 with a setlist that contained "Subdivisions".[5] The group had their sound man capture their soundchecks on tape which provided a method of developing new songs, which was particlarly the case for "Chemistry".[4] The majority of Signals was written and rehearsed in early 1982.[4] Lee said that the group were aware of how easy it would have been to "[play] it safe" and produce another Moving Pictures, so they avoided to adopt such a mindset.[6] The album displays the band continuing to incorporate the synthesizer into their songs with less emphasis on guitar-oriented riffs which had been the focus of their sound in the 1970s. Lee considered Signals as the beginning of a new era for the band.[7] In hindsight, he said it was considerably difficult to make because it took longer than usual for the band to achieve the right feel for each song.[8] Some ideas that Lifeson and Lee had initially saved for a potential solo album were used on Signals.[9] Writer and journalist Greg Quill noticed a "cyclical framework" in Signals, specifically the album opening in suburbia followed by contemplating escape in "The Analog Kid". Then, "universal human imponderables" are explored through humanity, sex, religion, and ageing, which ends in an actual escape in "Countdown". Quill spoke to Peart about this theory, to which the drummer replied: "You noticed that. We were hoping no one would. It's so unfashionable these days to construct grand concepts. We're being closed mouthed about it".[10]

Recording began at Le Studio in April 1982, and ended on July 15.[11] It is Rush's last album co-produced by their longtime associate Terry Brown, who had worked with them since 1974. He was joined by engineer Paul Northfield with assistance from Robbie Whelan.[11] Rush intended to finish the album in June, but had to spend additional time in the studio which led to a month's reduction in their planned vacation time.[12] Upon completion, the album was mastered by Bob Ludwig at Gateway Mastering Studios.[11]

Songs[edit]

"Subdivisions" was one of the first songs Rush had arranged for Signals.[4] After Peart devised a set of lyrics, Lifeson and Lee wrote a collection of musical ideas to fit Peart's words. Peart recalled that his bandmates interrupted him as he was cleaning his car and set up a portable cassette player on the driveway outside the studio, and played him what they had come up with. Peart added: "I listened closely, picking up the variations on 7/8 and 3/4, the way the guitar adopts the role of rhythm section while the keyboards take the melody, returning to bass with guitar leading in the chorus, then the Mini-moog taking over again for the instrumental bridge", and told Lifeson and Lee that he liked it.[4]

"The Analog Kid" originated during the group's stay at Virgin Gorda in the British Virgin Islands in January 1982, travelling on a yacht named Orianda.[4] Peart had written the words to the song initially as a companion piece to "Digital Man", which Rush had started working on in late 1981, and presented it to Lee. The two discussed what could be done with the lyrics in a musical sense, deciding on the opposite on what the words may suggest, with Peart describing the track as "a very up-tempo rocker, with some kind of a dynamic contrast for the choruses".[4]

"Chemistry" was developed during soundchecks on the Moving Pictures tour in 1981. It was during one particular session during the United States leg whereby, after each member checking each of their instruments separately, "a little spontaneous creation" came about which produced a song without the group realising it. Each member played a different part; Lee played what became the keyboard section for the bridge, Lifeson the guitar riffs heard in the verses, and Peart the drum pattern for the chorus.[4] Upon listening to the soundcheck tapes, Lifeson and Lee took each section and arranged it into a complete track before they produced a demo which almost matched the version recorded for the album.[4] "Chemistry" marked the first time that each member collaborated on the lyrics to a song, with Lifeson and Lee devising its title, concept, and several phrases that they wished for it to include. Peart then took their ideas and developed a set of complete lyrics. He named "Chemistry" as the easiest song to write for Signals.[4]

"Digital Man" was one of the songs worked on during the late 1981 writing sessions at Le Studio, during which the music and lyrics for its verses, plus the ska-influenced bridge, was worked out.[4] Its instrumental break has been compared with "Walking on the Moon" by The Police.[13] The song developed further in March 1982 during the band's one month stay at The Grange in Muskoka Lakes, Ontario.[4] Peart wrote the remaining lyrics by an open fire in his chalet while Lifeson and Lee worked on the music in the adjacent barn. After numerous attempts they devised a combination of suitable words and music for the chorus, and Peart wrote: "We were all very pleased wit the dynamic and unusual nature of the part, it was so different for us".[4] However, Brown expressed a lack of enthusiasm to record the song and remained so until the group had continually talked about why it worked "until he got tired of hearing about it".[4] "The Analog Kid" and "Digital Man" served as the inspiration for comic book writer Troy Hickman to create heroes of the same names in his 2004 comic Common Grounds.[14]

"The Weapon" is the second part of Rush's "Fear" song series. During a writing session at a northern Ontario manor home in 1981, Lee and his friend Oscar devised what Peart described as the foundation of "a highly mysterious and bizarre drum pattern" with his drum machine.[4] At a subsequent rehearsal, Peart learned to play the part on his own drum kit which required him to alter his usual technique, but took the experience as an enjoyable challenge.[4]

"New World Man" was put together in May 1982 when the backing tracks for the album's other seven tracks were completed, and there was enough space on the vinyl for a song under four minutes.[4] Had the track become too long, the band would have put it down and use it for a subsequent release. "New World Man" began with Peart writing lyrics that tied in themes from other songs on the album, "and came up with a straightforward, concise set of lyrics consisting of the two verses and the two choruses".[4] The group adopted a "fast and loose" approach for its corresponding music and worked swiftly, with the song fully arranged in one day and recorded in the course of the next.[4]

"Losing It" originated from a theme Lifeson had come up with which was used in subsequent rehearsal sessions to produce a demo with keyboards and drums.[4] In June 1982, when the band revisited the song in the studio, they discussed the possibility of Ben Mink of the band FM playing the electric violin somewhere on Signals, and decided that "Losing It" was the best track for his contribution.[4] To cater for the part, Rush put down the basic track for a jazz-oriented solo section and invited Mink to the studio which included him multi-tracking various notes to resemble a complete string section.[4] The lyrics include references to the latter years of writer Ernest Hemingway–"For you the blind who once could see, the bell tolls for thee". It was not played live until 2015 when Rush performed it at four concerts on their R40 Live Tour.

"Countdown" was inspired by the band attending the launch of the STS-1 Columbia space shuttle in April 1981, the first of NASA's Space Shuttle program. They had been invited to the launch and observed it from a VIP area at an air base in Cape Kennedy, Florida.[4] The song features samples of radio communications recorded before and during the flight.

Artwork[edit]

The sleeve was designed by Hugh Syme, who is credited with its concept, direction, and graphics, with photography from Deborah Samuel. Syme based his design upon receiving merely the album's title, and recalled a "great deal of trouble" in a cover that he and the group were satisfied with. "I decided that, with such a phenomenally important word with the kind of potency it potentially had, to go with something really dumb, really inane".[15] He noted, however, that the cover still tied into the meaning of some of the songs on the album, in particular "Chemistry".[15] The final concept came out from the result of several failed ideas, including one that Syme devised which would have involved Rush hooked up to electroencephalography machines as they played in the studio and a snapshot of their heartbeats and brain waves taken during a performance.[16]

The front photograph depicts a Dalmatian dog sniffing a red fire hydrant on a green lawn.[15][16] Samuel shot the image on the rooftop of her studio. The lawn is in fact a piece of AstroTurf, and the hydrant was rented from Toronto and repainted the desired colour for the cover. She recalled a search to find a Dalmatian who could sniff on command, and placed dog biscuits underneath the hydrant multiple times to get the final shot.[17] The back cover is a pretend blueprint of a neighbourhood with what Lee described as "make believe subdivisions",[12] detailing Warren Cromartie Secondary School, a fictional school named after Canadian baseball player Warren Cromartie. He and the Montreal Expos are thanked in the album's liner notes.[11] Syme considered the back cover "a little subtle, perhaps over-indulgent".[15]

Release[edit]

The album was released in September 1982. The album peaked at No. 1 in Canada,[18] No. 3 in the United Kingdom,[19] and No. 10 in the United States.[20] In November 1982, the album was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for selling one million copies in the United States.[21]

Rush released four singles from Signals. "New World Man" reached No. 21 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart for three weeks in October and November 1982. It is the band's highest charting single in the US, and the only one to have reached the top 40.

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4/5 stars[22]
Rolling Stone2/5 stars[23]

At the time of release, Rolling Stone criticized the band's choice of "emphasizing synthesizers at the expense of Alex Lifeson's guitar," calling the album "mostly a wasted effort."[24]

AllMusic retrospectively praised the album, complimenting the band for not simply making Moving Pictures, Pt. II, continuing their exploration of the synthesizer and introducing more contemporary themes into the lyrics.[22]

Ultimate Classic Rock placed Signals seventh in their list of "Top 10 Rush Albums,"[25] while Stereogum placed the album third (behind Moving Pictures and 2112) in their list of "Rush Albums From Worst to Best," labelling it "the most audacious album of the band's career."[26]

In the 2010 documentary film Rush: Beyond the Lighted Stage, Trent Reznor cited Signals as an influence for incorporating keyboards into hard rock.[27] Canadian music journalist Martin Popoff stated that Signals was his favorite Rush album because of the "creamy production."[28]

Reissues[edit]

Year Label Format Notes
1994 Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab CD Gold CD remaster.[29] "The Weapon" has one line of lyrics missing at 3:12. The label stated this was the case on the master tape delivered to them. "New World Man" has an ending several seconds longer.
1997 Mercury CD
2011 Anthem CD, DVD Digitally remastered as part of the three-volume Sector box sets, also available in 5.1 surround sound.[30]
2015 Mercury LP, digital format Digitally remastered.[31]

Track listing[edit]

All lyrics written by Neil Peart except where noted; all music composed by Alex Lifeson and Geddy Lee.

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."Subdivisions"5:35
2."The Analog Kid"4:47
3."Chemistry" (Lee, Lifeson, Peart)4:57
4."Digital Man"6:23
Side two
No.TitleLength
5."The Weapon" (Part II of "Fear")6:24
6."New World Man"3:42
7."Losing It"4:53
8."Countdown"5:49

Personnel[edit]

Credits are taken from the album's 1982 liner notes.[11]

Rush

  • Geddy Lee – bass guitars, synthesizers, vocals, Pitcher, arrangements
  • Alex Lifeson – electric and acoustic guitars, Moog Taurus pedals, First Base, arrangements
  • Neil Peart – drums, percussion, Third Base, arrangements

Additional personnel

  • Ben Mink – electric violin on "Losing It"

Production

  • Rush – production
  • Terry Brown – arrangements, production
  • Paul Northfield – engineer
  • Robbie Whelan – engineer assistant
  • JVC – digital mastering
  • Bob Ludwig – mastering at Gateway Mastering Studios
  • Brian Lee – mastering
  • Hugh Syme – art direction, graphics, cover concept
  • Deborah Samuel – photography
  • Kineblok Inc. – photographic colour optics
  • Ray Danniels – management
  • Moon Records – executive production

Certifications[edit]

Country Organization Sales
U.S. RIAA Platinum (1,000,000)
Canada Music Canada Platinum (100,000)
UK BPI Silver (60,000)

Singles[edit]

Information
"New World Man"
  • Released: August 1982/February 1983
  • Written by Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
  • Produced by Rush and Terry Brown
  • Chart positions: #21 US Hot 100 (November 1982); #1 US Mainstream Rock; #42 UK (Aug 1982 - initial release)/#36 UK (February 1983 - REMIX, double A-side with "Countdown")
"Subdivisions"
  • Released: May 1982
  • Written by Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
  • Produced by Rush and Terry Brown
  • Chart positions: #3 US Mainstream Rock; #27 UK
"The Analog Kid"
  • Released: 1983
  • Written by Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
  • Produced by Rush and Terry Brown
  • Chart positions: #19 US Mainstream Rock; #72 UK
"The Weapon" (Part II of 'Fear')
  • Released: 1983
  • Written by Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
  • Produced by Rush and Terry Brown
  • Chart positions: #53 UK
"Countdown"
  • Released: February 1983
  • Written by Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
  • Produced by Rush and Terry Brown
  • Chart positions: #36 UK (double A-side with "New World Man (Remix)")

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bowman, Durrell (2014-10-01). Experiencing Rush: A Listener's Companion. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781442231313. 
  2. ^ "Tour – Moving Pictures Tour". Rush.com. Retrieved July 6, 2018. 
  3. ^ "Gold & Platinum Search – "Moving Pictures"". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved July 6, 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Peart, Neil (1982). "Stories from Signals". Anthem Records. Retrieved July 6, 2018. 
  5. ^ "Tour – Exit...Stage Left Tour". Rush.com. Retrieved July 8, 2018. 
  6. ^ Bahadur, Raj (October 28, 1982). "Rush Takes Off: The Geddy Lee Interview". Scene. Retrieved July 8, 2018. 
  7. ^ Barton, Geoff (May 21, 1983). "Private Lives: The Rush Sanctuary Breached". Sounds. Retrieved July 8, 2018. 
  8. ^ Bashe, Philip (March 31, 1983). "Face To Face With Rush's Geddy Lee". Circus. Retrieved July 8, 2018. 
  9. ^ Hunt, Dennis (March 15, 1983). "Drumming a Different Beat". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 8, 2018. 
  10. ^ Quill, Greg (September 1982). "Neil Peart: New World Man". Music Express. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Signals (Media notes). Anthem Records. 1982. ANR-1-1038. 
  12. ^ a b Gett, Steve. "Success Under Pressure". Retrieved July 8, 2018. 
  13. ^ Geoff Barton (September 2006). "Rush: Progressive To The Core". Classic Rock. 97. 
  14. ^ "Troy Hickman — Holey Crullers! (vol VII/iss 4/April 2004)". Sequential Tart. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  15. ^ a b c d Morgan, Jeffrey (Spring 1983). "From Brainwaves to Tidal Waves: The Story Behind Rush's Album Covers". Creem Close-Up. Retrieved July 8, 2018. 
  16. ^ a b Graff, Gary (July 1, 2015). "Rush Art Director Hugh Syme on the Stories Behind the Band's Iconic Album Covers and His New Book 'Art of Rush': Exclusive". Billboard. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  17. ^ Durston, Rob (November 9, 2012). "Exit Stage Left – Deborah Samuel Interview". Durston Photography. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  18. ^ "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 37, No. 8, October 09 1982". RPM. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  19. ^ "Rush chart positions in the UK". The Official Charts Company. 
  20. ^ "Signals chart position in the US". Billboard. 
  21. ^ "Gold & Platinum Search – "Signalss"". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved July 8, 2018. 
  22. ^ a b Prato, Greg. "Signals - Rush". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  23. ^ J.D. Considine (1982-10-28). "Signals". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  24. ^ "Signals". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2017-02-20. 
  25. ^ "Top 10 Rush Albums". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 2017-07-21. 
  26. ^ "Rush Albums From Worst To Best". Stereogum. 2014-06-10. Retrieved 2017-07-21. 
  27. ^ Chittenden, B. (2010-05-01). "Rush: Beyond the Lighted Stage review". Two Assholes Talking About Nerd Stuff. Retrieved 2017-07-21. 
  28. ^ Popoff, Martin (June 2016). Rush - Updated Edition: The Unofficial Illustrated History. Voyageur Press. ISBN 9780760349953. 
  29. ^ "Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab". Mofi.com. Archived from the original on 2008-12-06. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  30. ^ "Andy VanDette On Remastering 15 Rush Albums". Themasterdiskrecord.com. 2011-11-23. Archived from the original on 2014-08-23. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  31. ^ "12 MONTHS OF RUSH: 14 ALBUMS FROM MERCURY ERA FOR RELEASE IN 2015". Rush.com. Retrieved 10 July 2015.