Signy Research Station
|Signy Research Station|
Signy Research Station in 2006
Rothera Research Station location within the British Antarctic Territory in Antarctica
|British Overseas Territory||British Antarctic Territory|
|Location in Antarctica||Signy Island|
|Administered by||British Antarctic Survey|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
Signy was first occupied in 1947 when a meteorological station was established in Factory Cove above the old whaling station. It was the second research base on the South Orkney Islands (after the Argentine Orcadas Base in 1903). In 1955, a new hut, Tønsberg House was built on the site of the whaling station. In 1963, it was turned into a laboratory for biological research. Initially operated year-round, since 1995/6 the station has been open from November to April each year (southern hemisphere summer).
Today, the base has four buildings with capacity for 8 people. The main building, Sorlle House (named after the whaling captain who himself named Signy Island), provides living accommodation and laboratories. The other buildings are for storage and provision of power and water services. There are also four small huts around the island.
Marine and terrestrial biology is carried out at Signy, particularly looking at the effects of climate change on the southern ocean ecosystems. Three species of penguin (Adélie, chinstrap and gentoo) are monitored at the base.
To continue an original time series of visual sea ice observations after the station became summer-only, an automated sea ice camera now operates all year around, providing a continuous record of sea ice extent near the station for over 50 years.
- Official website British Antarctic Survey
- BAS Signy Research Station
- BAS Signy Research Station Images at BAS
- COMNAP Antarctic Facilities
- COMNAP Antarctic Facilities Map
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Signy Station.|