Sihanoukville Autonomous Port

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Sihanoukville Autonomous Port
Sihanoukville Autonomous Port.jpg
International Port of Sihanoukville
Location
CountryCambodia
LocationSihanoukville Province
Coordinates10°38.73′N 103°29.82′E / 10.64550°N 103.49700°E / 10.64550; 103.49700Coordinates: 10°38.73′N 103°29.82′E / 10.64550°N 103.49700°E / 10.64550; 103.49700
Details
Opened1960
Operated byPort Autonome de Sihanoukville
Owned byRoyal Government of Cambodia
Land area125 hectare
Available berths9
Employees1000
Chairman and CEOLou Kim Chhun
UNCTAD codeKHKOS
Website
www.pas.gov.kh
Sihanoukville Autonomous Port
កំពង់ផែស្វយ័តក្រុងព្រះសីហនុ.jpg
Sihanoukville Port Special Economic Zone (SPSEZ)
Cambodia Sihanoukville Autonomous port.jpg

Sihanoukville Autonomous Port or Port Autonome de Sihanoukville (PAS) is a government agency and state corporation of Cambodia and Sihanoukville that operates and governs the country's sole deep water port.[1] In Sihanoukville, on the Bay of Kompong Som of the Gulf of Thailand in south-western Cambodia. The port was inaugurated in 1960 as construction of the Old Jetty's four berths had begun in 1955.[2]:18[3]

Since the port has continuously been extended. Several berths, a container terminal, a tanker terminal and an industrial effluent treatment plant were added.[4] There are nine berths available for medium ships with a maximum draft of 8.5 m (28 ft). The total berth length is 1,330 m (4,364 ft) and the tidal variation is 1.4 m (5 ft).[5] The decking for the original pier laid in 1958 consisted of 137 pre-stressed concrete beams, each 35 m (115 ft) long and weighing around 90 tons. The beams were assembled on site and proved to be very difficult to maneuver. A small railway was constructed to transport the beams from the assembly site.[2]:43

In order to cope with the increasing rates of cargo throughput, the Government of Cambodia had constructed another 350 m (1,148 ft) long new quay with −10.5 m (−34 ft) maximum draft in 1966. At present, this new quay can accommodate three vessels with −7 m (−23 ft) draft medium GRT.[4]

The construction of the Container Terminal, 400 m (1,312 ft) long by −10.5 m (−34 ft) depth and a 6.5 ha (16 acres) container yard was completed in March 2007.[6]

PAS' board of directors is appointed by a variety of government ministries. The port employs currently more than 1000 persons.[7] In 2003, PAS acquired the remaining 70% of the Cambodia CWT Dry Port near Phnom Penh. In addition to the 30% share already held, this made the state-owned Sihanoukville Autonomous Port the sole proprietor of the dry port. The port became a listed company in June 2017 in the Cambodian Stock Market.

History[edit]

Before and during the period of the French Protectorate, no deep water port existed to handle international marine trade. The small port at the Tonle Sap River near Phnom Penh had insufficient capabilities, as it handled ships of up to 3000 tons during the dry season and 4000 tons during the wet season. Kampot was Cambodia's only marine port, on the Tuk Chhou River around 5 km (3 mi) inland, which could not be accessed by deep-water vessels. The French colonial administration preferred to use Saigon for international trade and the Mekong River for further distribution. Thus Cambodia's access to high sea's trade was via the Mekong which required passage through Vietnamese territory. Independence from France for both Vietnam and Cambodia in 1953 highlighted the need for a Cambodian deep-water port.[2]:1-3

A number of sites were initially considered suitable for the new facility, including Kampot, the small outpost at Ream, and Sre Ambel. However, the deep waters off a rocky promontory near Koh Pos at the mouth of the Kampong Som Bay were finally chosen as the site for Cambodia's first ocean port.[2]:5–8

Construction began in 1955 with US$12 million in funding from the French government and was completed in late-1959. The port was inaugurated in April 1960 by Louis Jacquinot, the French Minister of State.[2]:42–45

The first marina, near the breakwater island of Koh Preab, Sihanoukville, went into service in October 2013.[8]

Traffic[edit]

In 2018, the port earned US$8.7 million in profits, up 43% from 2017. It handled 537,107 TEUs, up 17%, totalling 5.2 million tonnes.[9]

Sihanoukville Autonomous Port Traffic Rates[10]
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Gross Throughput (Tons) 2,659,785 3,012,217 3,423,919 3,763,296 4,040,155
Not Included Fuel 1,874,750 2,088,274 2,436,933 2,638,043 2,881,378
General Cargo 302,463 272,463 310,261 258,274 379,292
Cargo Containerized 1,572,287 1,815,811 2,126,672 2,379,969 2,502,086
Container Throughput (TEUs) 255,378 286,450 333,904 391,819 400,187
Vessel Calling (Units) 941 988 1,103 1,292 1,322

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Port of Sihanoukville, Cambodia — Port Authority (Sihanoukville Autonomous Port — PAS) (ID: 26131)". Best-maritime.info. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
  2. ^ a b c d e Philpotts, Robert (March 2006). A Port for Independence. UK: Blackwater Books.
  3. ^ "Sihanoukville Port Sez". Sihanoukville Port Sez. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Modernisation of Cambodia's main port of Sihanoukville continues amidst worldwide slowdown of traffic in bigger ports such as Los Angeles and Long Beach". derkeiler com. January 22, 2009. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  5. ^ "Sihanouk Ville Autonomous Port (PAS)". ASEAN Cruise. Archived from the original on 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
  6. ^ "Sihanoukville Autonomous Port(PAS) - Sihanoukville, Cambodia". SihanoukVille Web. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
  7. ^ PAS, Port management
  8. ^ "Sihanoukville to be the site of first marina". Phnom Penh Post. July 3, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  9. ^ Sakhuja, Vijay (13 June 2019). "There is more to Koh Kong". Khmer Times. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-17. Retrieved 2014-10-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]