Sihanoukville Autonomous Port

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Sihanoukville Autonomous Port
Sihanoukville Autonomous Port.jpg
International Port of Sihanoukville
Location
Country Cambodia
Location Sihanoukville Province
Coordinates 10°38.73′N 103°29.82′E / 10.64550°N 103.49700°E / 10.64550; 103.49700Coordinates: 10°38.73′N 103°29.82′E / 10.64550°N 103.49700°E / 10.64550; 103.49700
Details
Opened 1960
Operated by Port Autonome de Sihanoukville
Owned by Royal Government of Cambodia
Land area 125 hectare
Available berths 9
Employees 1000
Chairman and CEO H.E. Lou Kim Chhun
UNCTAD code KHKOS
Website
www.pas.gov.kh

Sihanoukville Autonomous Port or Port Autonome de Sihanoukville (PAS) is a government agency and state corporation of Cambodia and Sihanoukville that operates and governs the country's sole deep water port.[1] Located in Sihanoukville, in the Bay of Kompong Som at the Gulf of Thailand in south-western Cambodia. The port was inaugurated in 1960 as construction of the Old Jetty's four berths had begun in 1955.[2][3]

Since the port has continuously been extended. Several berths, a container terminal, a tanker terminal and an industrial effluent treatment plant were added.[4] Currently there are 9 berths available for medium ships with a maximum draft of 8.5 m (28 ft). The total berth length is 1,330 m (4,364 ft) and the tidal variation is 1.4 m (5 ft).[5] The decking for the original pier laid in 1958 consisted of 137 pre-stressed concrete beams, each 35 m (115 ft) long and weighing around 90 tons. The beams were assembled on site and proved to be very difficult to maneuver. A small railway was constructed to transport the beams from the assemblage site.[6]

In order to cope with the increasing rates of cargo throughput, the Royal Government of Cambodia had constructed another 350 m (1,148 ft) long new quay with −10.5 m (−34 ft) maximum draft in 1966. At present, this new quay can accommodate 3 vessels with −7 m (−23 ft) draft medium GRT.[7] The construction of the Container Terminal, 400 m (1,312 ft) long by −10.5 m (−34 ft) depth and a 6.5 ha (16 acres) container yard was completed in March 2007.[8]

PAS' board of directors is appointed by a variety of government ministries. The port employs currently more than 1000 persons.[9] In 2003, PAS acquired the remaining 70% of the Cambodia CWT Dry Port near Phnom Penh. In addition to the 30% share already held, this made the state-owned Sihanoukville Autonomous Port the sole proprietor of the dry port. The port was reported to have been sold for 3.037 billion Cambodian Riel (USD $823,000) in cash.[10]

History[edit]

Before and during the period of the French Protectorate, no deep water port existed to facilitate international marine trade. The small port at the Tonle Sap river near Phnom Penh had insufficient capabilities, as it handled ships of up to 3000 tons during the dry season and 4000 tons during the wet season. Kampot was Cambodia’s only marine port, situated at the Tuk Chhou River around 5 km (3 mi) inland, which could not be accessed by deep-water vessels. The French colonial administration preferred to use Saigon for international trade and the Mekong river for further distribution. Thus Cambodia’s access to high sea's trade was via the Mekong and necessitated passage through Vietnamese territory. Independence from France for both Vietnam and Cambodia in 1953 highlighted the need for Cambodia’s own deep-water port.[11]

A number of sites were initially considered suitable for the new facility, including – Kampot, the small outpost at Ream and Sre Ambel. However, the deep waters off a rocky promontory near Koh Pos at the mouth of the Kampong Som Bay were finally chosen as the site for Cambodia’s first ocean port.[12]

Construction began in 1955 with $12 million in funding from the French government and was completed in late 1959. The port was inaugurated in April 1960 by Louis Jacquinot, the French Minister of State.[13]

The first marina went into service in October 2013, situated near the breakwater island of Koh Preab, Sihanoukville.[14]

Traffic Rates[edit]

Sihanoukville Autonomous Port Traffic Rates[15]
Item 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 9M2009
Gross Throughput (Tons) 1,772,361 1,503,050 1,380,847 1,586,791 1,818,877 2,057,967 1,405,338
Not Included Fuel 1,454,856 1,242,011 1,131,699 1,320,102 1,428,992 1,605,672 958,279
Not Include Fuel &Cont. 650,329 308,153 107,929 197,573 193,573 291,114 162,520
Cargo Containerized 804,527 933,858 1,023,770 1,122,529 1,235,419 1,314,559 795,759
Container Throughput (TEUs) 181,286 213,916 211,141 231,036 253,271 258,775 157,639
Vessel Calling (Units) 878 730 686 912 876 954 642

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Port of Sihanoukville, Cambodia — Port Authority (Sihanoukville Autonomous Port — PAS) (ID: 26131)". Best-maritime.info. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  2. ^ Philpotts, Robert (March 2006). A Port for Independence. England: Blackwater Books. p. 18. 
  3. ^ "Sihanoukville Port Sez". Sihanoukville Port Sez. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  4. ^ "modernisation of Cambodia's main port of Sihanoukville continues amidst worldwide slowdown of traffic in bigger ports such as Los Angeles and Long Beach". derkeiler com. January 22, 2009. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Sihanouk Ville Autonomous Port (PAS)". ASEAN Cruise. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  6. ^ Philpotts, Robert (March 2006). A Port for Independence. England: Blackwater Books. p. 43. 
  7. ^ "modernisation of Cambodia's main port of Sihanoukville continues amidst worldwide slowdown of traffic in bigger ports such as Los Angeles and Long Beach". derkeiler com. January 22, 2009. Retrieved May 27, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Sihanoukville Autonomous Port(PAS) - Sihanoukville, Cambodia". SihanoukVille Web. Retrieved May 27, 2015. 
  9. ^ PAS, Port management
  10. ^ "Port Auth of Sihanoukville acquires Cambodia-CWT Dry Port Corp from C&P Holdings Pte Ltd". Thomson Financial Mergers & Acquisitions. Aug 7, 2003. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  11. ^ Philpotts, Robert (March 2006). A Port for Independence. England: Blackwater Books. pp. 1–3. 
  12. ^ Philpotts, Robert (March 2006). A Port for Independence. England: Blackwater Books. pp. 5–8. 
  13. ^ Philpotts, Robert (March 2006). A Port for Independence. England: Blackwater Books. pp. 42–45. 
  14. ^ "Sihanoukville to be the site of first marina". Phnom Penh Post. July 3, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  15. ^ http://pas.gov.kh/traffic-handling.html

External links[edit]