Sihanoukville Autonomous Port
|Sihanoukville Autonomous Port|
International Port of Sihanoukville
|Operated by||Port Autonome de Sihanoukville|
|Owned by||Royal Government of Cambodia|
|Land area||125 hectare|
|Chairman and CEO||H.E. Lou Kim Chhun|
Sihanoukville Autonomous Port or Port Autonome de Sihanoukville (PAS) is a government agency and state corporation of Cambodia and Sihanoukville that operates and governs the country's sole deep water port. Located in Sihanoukville, in the Bay of Kompong Som at the Gulf of Thailand in south-western Cambodia. The port was inaugurated in 1960 as construction of the Old Jetty's four berths had begun in 1955.
Since the port has continuously been extended. Several berths, a container terminal, a tanker terminal and an industrial effluent treatment plant were added. Currently there are 9 berths available for medium ships with a maximum draft of 8.5 m (28 ft). The total berth length is 1,330 m (4,364 ft) and the tidal variation is 1.4 m (5 ft). The decking for the original pier laid in 1958 consisted of 137 pre-stressed concrete beams, each 35 m (115 ft) long and weighing around 90 tons. The beams were assembled on site and proved to be very difficult to maneuver. A small railway was constructed to transport the beams from the assemblage site.
In order to cope with the increasing rates of cargo throughput, the Royal Government of Cambodia had constructed another 350 m (1,148 ft) long new quay with −10.5 m (−34 ft) maximum draft in 1966. At present, this new quay can accommodate 3 vessels with −7 m (−23 ft) draft medium GRT. The construction of the Container Terminal, 400 m (1,312 ft) long by −10.5 m (−34 ft) depth and a 6.5 ha (16 acres) container yard was completed in March 2007.
PAS' board of directors is appointed by a variety of government ministries. The port employs currently more than 1000 persons. In 2003, PAS acquired the remaining 70% of the Cambodia CWT Dry Port near Phnom Penh. In addition to the 30% share already held, this made the state-owned Sihanoukville Autonomous Port the sole proprietor of the dry port. The port was reported to have been sold for 3.037 billion Cambodian Riel (USD $823,000) in cash.
Before and during the period of the French Protectorate, no deep water port existed to facilitate international marine trade. The small port at the Tonle Sap river near Phnom Penh had insufficient capabilities, as it handled ships of up to 3000 tons during the dry season and 4000 tons during the wet season. Kampot was Cambodia’s only marine port, situated at the Tuk Chhou River around 5 km (3 mi) inland, which could not be accessed by deep-water vessels. The French colonial administration preferred to use Saigon for international trade and the Mekong river for further distribution. Thus Cambodia’s access to high sea's trade was via the Mekong and necessitated passage through Vietnamese territory. Independence from France for both Vietnam and Cambodia in 1953 highlighted the need for Cambodia’s own deep-water port.
A number of sites were initially considered suitable for the new facility, including – Kampot, the small outpost at Ream and Sre Ambel. However, the deep waters off a rocky promontory near Koh Pos at the mouth of the Kampong Som Bay were finally chosen as the site for Cambodia’s first ocean port.
Construction began in 1955 with $12 million in funding from the French government and was completed in late 1959. The port was inaugurated in April 1960 by Louis Jacquinot, the French Minister of State.
|Sihanoukville Autonomous Port Traffic Rates|
|Gross Throughput (Tons)||1,772,361||1,503,050||1,380,847||1,586,791||1,818,877||2,057,967||1,405,338|
|Not Included Fuel||1,454,856||1,242,011||1,131,699||1,320,102||1,428,992||1,605,672||958,279|
|Not Include Fuel &Cont.||650,329||308,153||107,929||197,573||193,573||291,114||162,520|
|Container Throughput (TEUs)||181,286||213,916||211,141||231,036||253,271||258,775||157,639|
|Vessel Calling (Units)||878||730||686||912||876||954||642|
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- PAS, Port management
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