Siheung

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Siheung

시흥시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationSiheung-si
 • McCune-ReischauerSihŭng-si
Wolgot Harbor past Oido Station
Wolgot Harbor past Oido Station
Official logo of Siheung
Emblem of Siheung
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country South Korea
RegionSudogwon
Administrative divisions11 dong
Area
 • Total135.79 km2 (52.43 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total472,162
 • Density3,355.8/km2 (8,691/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Seoul

Siheung Korean: [ɕi.ɦɯŋ] is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea.

In the early Three Kingdoms period, the Siheung area was part of the Baekje kingdom. It was lost to Goguryeo along with the Han River valley in 475.

Siheung acquired its current administrative identity on January 1, 1989, when the old county of Siheung (Siheung County) was divided into the cities of Siheung, Gunpo, and Uiwang. At the time Siheung city had a population of only 93,000. This number more than tripled in the following decade, as massive suburban apartment complexes were developed.

Today's Siheung City area belonged to old Incheon and Ansan before 1914.

Notable landmarks include Oi Island, Mount Sorae, and the port and inlet of Wolgot. Siheung includes two new cities that were developed in the 1990s, Sihwa and Wolgot New City. The new city of Sihwa includes a very large industrial complex. Companies headquartered there include Hansung Machinery Co. Korea Polytechnic University established in 1997, and also Kyonggi Institute of Technology established in 1998.

In 2006, Korea Polytechnic University built TIP (Techno Innovation Park). The building has 18 floors used for studying, research, and development for students, faculty, companies and government.[1]

In February 2010 Seoul National University acquired 826 thousand square-meters or 204 acres of Siheung property to establish its global campus.[2] The university plans to build a bio-medical complex, research hospital, apartments, and education-related infrastructure including lecture halls, dormitories, and an international middle and high school.[3]

Administrative districts[edit]

Siheung-si is divided into 18 dongs.[4] As of 2017, the population of the city is 419,664 people including 167,802 households.

Administrative dong Korean name Area(km²) Population Household
Daeya-dong 대야동 9.85 31,276 12.860
Sincheon-dong 신천동 3.44 38.566 17,898
Sinhyun-dong 신현동 12.64 10,712 4,396
Eunheng-dong 은행동 5.96 44,233 15,278
Maehwa-dong 매화동 11.20 12,848 5,133
Mokgam-dong 목감동 17.57 40,586 15,795
Gunja-dong 군자동 16.69 23,735 9,738
Wolgot-dong 월곶동 8.53 15,358 6,859
Jeongwangbon-dong 정왕본동 8.83 21,720 14,016
Jeongwang 1-dong 정왕1동 6.55 23,869 13,085
Jeongwang 2-dong 정왕2동 5.55 32,536 12,516
Jeongwang 3-dong 정왕3동 6.18 23,894 10,881
Jeongwang 4-dong 정왕4동 5.80 22,289 7,438
Baegot-dong 배곧동 4.97 68,084 25,421
Gwarim-dong 과림동 7.65 2,069 1,247
Yeonseong-dong 연성동 10.05 23,368 8,283
Janggok-dong 장곡동 3.49 17,832 5.606
Neunggok-dong 능곡동 4.34 17,156 6,946
Total 시흥시 135.79 472,162 186,443

Transportation[edit]

Railroad[edit]

(Ansan) ← JeongwangOido
Oido - Darwol - Wolgot → (Namdong-gu)
  • Seohae Line New subway line built in June 16, 2018.
Siheung Deya - Sincheon - Sinhyeon - Siheung City Hall - Siheung Neunggok are running in Siheung-si.

Industry[edit]

Gross Domestic Product[edit]

The total regional production of Siheung City in 2012 is 26.888 billion won. It accounts for 3.6% of Gyeonggi Province's GDP. The agriculture and forestry industry (primary industry) is low at 41.4 billion won. Mining and manufacturing (secondary industry) accounted for 16.24 trillion won, accounting for 64.2%, while commercial and service industry (tertiary industry) accounted for 35.6%, amounting to 9.29 trillion won. In the tertiary industry, wholesale and retail trade (6.6 percent), construction (4.0 percent), real estate and leasing (3.3 percent) and business services (3.2 percent)[5]

Status of Employees by Industry[edit]

In 2014, the total number of workers in Siheung City Industry is 185,032. It accounts for 4.1% of the total number of employees in Gyeonggi-do. The number of agriculture and forestry fisheries (primary industry) is 17, which is low. Mining and manufacturing (secondary industry) accounted for 48.4%, with 89,554 employees. The commercial and service industry (tertiary industry) accounted for 95.6%, accounting for 51.6%. Secondary industry is higher than Gyeonggi province (27.1%) and tertiary industry is lower than Gyeonggi province (72.9%). In the tertiary industry, the proportion of housing and food and lodging (7.6 percent), education (5.2 percent), and health and social services (4.4 percent)[6]

Recreation & Tourism[edit]

The Lotus Theme Park can be visited year-round by bikers and pedestrians, but the peak months for seeing the lotus plants in bloom are July and August. It is also the site of a summer festival. Seven varieties of lotus and over thirty varieties of waterlilies are cultivated at the park.[7] Admission to the theme park during the summer months is free, and lotus viewing tours take place from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. local time.[8] The theme park can be reached by several city bus routes.[9]

  • Siheung Gaetgol Ecology Park

There is inland gaetgol that is rare in the world. This gaetgol is exposed twice a day at low tide. It is called serpentinizing mudflat because it looks like snake.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KoreaPolytechnicUniversity". www.kpu.ac.kr.
  2. ^ Chung, Young-jin (2010-02-12). "Plans under way for new SNU branch in Siheung". joongangdaily.joins.com. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
  3. ^ Kim, Yea-rim (2011-03-16). "Siheung is on the Road to Becoming Korea's Investment Mecca". koreatimes.com. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
  4. ^ "Siheung Administrative districts". Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  5. ^ "KOSIS". kosis.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  6. ^ "KOSIS". kosis.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2011-08-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Lotus Theme Park Info
  8. ^ http://www.siheung.go.kr/tour/content.do?method=contentView&topCmsCd=CM0139&cmsCd=CM1764&grp=2&clickParentNum=11&clickNum=12 Siheung Lotus Theme Park Page (Korean)
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2011-08-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Lotus Theme Park Info and Directions
  10. ^ "韩国始兴市师生来我校游学访问交流-德州市实验小学". www.dzsyxx.com. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  11. ^ "始兴市". Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  12. ^ "Regular Adjourned Meeting No. 28". Archived from the original on 2010-11-29.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°22′47″N 126°48′10″E / 37.37986°N 126.802887°E / 37.37986; 126.802887