Siirt (electoral district)

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Siirt
electoral district
for the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Siirt highlighted in red on a beige political map of Turkeym
Siirt shown within Turkey
ProvinceSiirt
Electorate153,419
Current electoral district
Created1920
Seats3
MPs
Turnout at last election81.82%
HDP
2 / 3
AK Party
1 / 3

Siirt is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects three members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.

Members[edit]

Population reviews of each electoral district are conducted before each general election, which can lead to certain districts being granted a smaller or greater number of parliamentary seats. Siirt's seat allocation has been remained unchanged at three seats since 1991.

Siirt is distinctive as being the site of a by-election, a rarity in Turkish politics, which in 2003 saw Recep Tayyip Erdoğan elected to parliament after a law barring candidates with criminal convictions from standing was amended. Erdoğan subsequently became prime minister.

More recently, Siirt was a district where the pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy Party (BDP) ran independent candidates in an attempt to overcome the 10 percent national electoral threshold. One independent candidate was elected here in 2011 and has since joined the BDP.

MPs for Siirt, 1999 onwards
Seat 1999 (21st parliament) 2002 (22nd parliament) 2003 (by-election) (22nd parliament) 2007 (23rd parliament) 2011 (24th parliament) June 2015 (25th parliament)
MP Nizamettin Sevgili
Anavatan
Mervan Gül
AK Party
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
AK Party
Afif Demirkıran
AK Party
Yasin Aktay
AK Party
MP Takiddin Yarayan
DYP
Ekrem Bilek
CHP
Öner Ergenç
AK Party
Mehmet Yılmaz Helvacıoğlu
AK Party
Osman Ören
AK Party
Hatice Seviptekin
HDP
MP Ahmet Nurettin Aydın
FP
Fadıl Akgündüz
Independent
Öner Gülyeşil
AK Party
Osman Özçelik
Independent
Gültan Kışanak
Independent
Kadri Yıldırım
HDP

General elections[edit]

2002[edit]

This election was successfully challenged by the AK Party arguing that a boycott by in villagers in Doğan, near Pervari in Siirt, and the absence of an electoral board for the region rendered the vote invalid.[1] A fresh ballot was held on 9 March 2003.

2002 Turkish general election: Siirt [2]
List Candidates Votes % ±
DEHAP None elected 26,980 32.17 [3]
AK Party Mervan Gül 14,728 17.56 [4]
Independent Mehmet Fadıl Akgündüz 11,450 13.65 N/A
ANAP None elected 8258 9.85
CHP Ekrem Bilek 7481 8.92
MHP None elected 5979 7.13
DYP None elected 3993 4.76
Felicity None elected 1402 1.67 [4]
GP None elected 954 1.14 N/A
BBP None elected 607 0.72
DSP None elected 400 0.48
YP None elected 392 0.47 N/A
BTP None elected 328 0.39 N/A
YTP None elected 198 0.24 N/A
Nation None elected 194 0.23
ÖDP None elected 161 0.19
Liberal Democrat None elected 154 0.18
İP None elected 116 0.14
TKP None elected 80 0.1 N/A
Turnout 83,855 74.15

2003[edit]

Siirt by-election, 9 March 2003 [5]
List Candidates Votes % ±
AK Party Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Öner Ergenç, Öner Gülyeşil 55,203 84.82 67.26
CHP None elected 8972 13.79 4.86
İP None elected 500 0.77 0.63
TKP None elected 404 0.62 0.53
Turnout 73,624 61.77 -12.38

2007[edit]

2007 Turkish general election: Siirt [6][7]
List Candidates Votes % ±
AK Party Afif Demikıran, Osman Özçelik 44,836 48.78 -36.05
Independent Osman Özçelik 36,320 39.51 25.86
CHP None elected 3181 3.46 -1.33
Democrat None elected 2674 2.91 -1.85
MHP None elected 2546 2.77 -4.36
Felicity None elected 884 0.96 -0.71
HYP None elected 360 0.39 N/A
BTP None elected 257 0.28 -0.11
ATP None elected 218 0.24 N/A
TKP None elected 179 0.17 -0.6
İP None elected 152 0.17 -0.6
GP None elected 149 0.16 -0.98
ÖDP None elected 88 0.1 -0.1
Liberal Democrat None elected 75 0.08 -0.1
Turnout 91,919 79.77 18.0

2011[edit]

2011 Turkish general election: Siirt[8]
List Candidates Votes % ±
AK Party Afif Demirkıran, Osman Ören 58,623 48.03 -0.74
Independent Gültan Kışanak 51,809 42.45 2.94
CHP None elected 3,520 2.88 -0.58
BBP None elected 1,952 1.6
HAS Party None elected 1,433 1.18 N/A
MHP None elected 1,433 1.17 -1.6
DSP None elected 1,263 1.03 -2.43[9]
Felicity None elected 911 0.75 -0.22
Democrat None elected 503 0.41 -2.5
TKP None elected 344 0.28 0.09
Nationalist Conservative None elected 86 0.07
Nation None elected 85 0.07
Liberal Democrat None elected 73 0.06 -0.02
DYP None elected 0
HEPAR None elected 0
Labour None elected 0
Turnout 122,045 81.82 2.05

June 2015[edit]

Abbr. Party Votes %
HDP Peoples' Democratic Party 93,518 65.8%
AKP Justice and Development Party 40,137 28.2%
MHP Nationalist Movement Party 3,389 2.4%
CHP Republican People's Party 1,735 1.2%
Other 3,438 1.3%
Total 142,217
Turnout 86.72
source: YSK

November 2015[edit]

Abbr. Party Votes %
HDP Peoples' Democratic Party 81,702 58.3%
AKP Justice and Development Party 51,409 36.7%
CHP Republican People's Party 2,314 1.7%
MHP Nationalist Movement Party 2,104 1.5%
Other 2,670 1.9%
Total 140,199
Turnout 85.53
source: YSK

2018[edit]

Abbr. Party Votes %
HDP Peoples' Democratic Party 76,225 52.1%
AKP Justice and Development Party 55,890 38.2%
MHP Nationalist Movement Party 4,905 3.4%
IYI Good Party 2,181 1.5%
CHP Republican People's Party 2,990 2%
HÜDA-PAR Free Cause Party 1,776 1.2%
SP Felicity Party 1,355 0.9%
Other 945 0.6%
Total 146,267
Turnout 84.26
source: YSK

Presidential elections[edit]

2014[edit]

Presidential Election 2014: Siirt[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
HDP Selahattin Demirtaş 65,500 54.07
AK Party Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 51,379 42.41
Independent Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu 4,257 3.51
Total votes 121,136 100.00
Rejected ballots 2,371 1.92
Turnout 123,507 74.70
Selahattin Demirtaş win

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Radikal, Siirt seçimleri iptal, published 2 December 2002.
  2. ^ [2] Electoral Commission
  3. ^ DEHAP in 2002 is compared to 1999 performance of HADEP, a predecessor party
  4. ^ a b AK Party and SP in 2002 are compared to 1999 performance of FP, from which both parties split
  5. ^ [3] TESAV
  6. ^ [4] High Electoral Commission of Turkey
  7. ^ Percentage change figures for the AK Party, CHP, IP and Communist Party are compared to the 2003 by-election. All other parties are compared to their performance in 2002, the last election in Siirt they contested
  8. ^ [5] Electoral Commission
  9. ^ DSP in 2011 is compared to CHP in 2007, under whose list it ran that year
  10. ^ http://www.ysk.gov.tr/ysk/docs/2011MilletvekiliSecimi/KesinSonuclar/igdir.pdf

Coordinates: 37°50′N 42°10′E / 37.833°N 42.167°E / 37.833; 42.167