Sikandar Lodi

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Sikandar Lodi
Sultan of Delhi
Reign 17 July 1489 – 21 November 1517
Coronation 17 July 1489
Predecessor Bahlul Lodi
Successor Ibrahim Lodi
Died 21 November 1517
Burial Lodi Gardens, Delhi
Issue Ibrahim Lodi
Dynasty Lodi dynasty
Father Bahlul Lodi
Religion Islam

Sikandar Lodi (died 21 November 1517), born Nizam Khan, was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 and 1517.[1] He became the next ruler of the Lodi dynasty after the death of his father Bahlul Lodi in July 1489.[citation needed] The second and most successful ruler of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi sultanate, he was also a poet of the Persian language and prepared a diwan of 9000 verses.[2]

Biography[edit]

The top two storeys of the Qutub Minar were reconstructed in marble by Sikandar Lodi

Sikandar was the second son of Sultan Bahlul Khan Lodi and Bibi Ambha,[citation needed] the daughter of a Hindu goldsmith of Sirhind. He was of Afghan origin through his father.[3]

Sikandar was a capable ruler who encouraged trade across his territory, but discriminated against Hindu subjects. He expanded Lodi territory into the regions of Gwalior and Bihar. He made a treaty with Alauddin Hussain Shah and his kingdom of Bengal. In 1503, he commissioned the building of the present-day city of Agra. Agra was founded by him.[4]

Coin of Sikandar Lodi
Sikandar Lodi's tomb

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  2. ^ Ram Nath Sharma, History Of Education In India, Atlantic (1996), p. 61
  3. ^ Lodī dynasty - Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. ^ Kishori Saran Lal (1963). Twilight of the Sultanate. Asia Publishing House. p. 176. OCLC 500687579.
Preceded by
Bahlul Khan Lodi
Sultan of Delhi
1489–1517
Succeeded by
Ibrahim Lodi