Sikhism by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Sikh diaspora and population centers as of 2004[1]

Sikhism can be found predominantly in the Punjab state of India but Sikh communities exist on every inhabited continent, with the largest total emigrant population being in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. At 1.7% and 1.54% respectively, India[Canada]] have the largest proportional representation of Sikhs. Outside of India, Canada is home to the largest proportion of Sikhs worldwide, forming a large representation of Indo-Canadians, as well as a growing minority of Sikh converts of various origins.

Despite centuries of emigration and a large Punjabi diaspora, as of 2020, the majority of the world's 30 million Sikhs live in the Punjab region of India, where Sikhism traces its roots.[2]

Methodology[edit]

The figures on this list are either based on each of the country's respective censuses or are calculated by specific organisations. Some of these figures are rounded off. In case of conflicting estimates, both the lowest and highest estimates are included.

Countries[edit]

Sikhs and Sikhism by country
Region Country No. of Sikhs Sikh % % of all Sikhs
Central Asia Afghanistan Afghanistan 3,000 0.01% 0.01%
South America Argentina Argentina 300[3] 0.001% 0.001%
Oceania Australia Australia 125,904[4] 0.54% 0.52%
Central Europe Austria Austria 2,794[5] 0.03% 0.01%
South Asia Bangladesh Bangladesh 23,000[6] 0.01% 0.01%
Western Europe Belgium Belgium 10,000 0.09% 0.04%
North America Canada Canada 468,670[7] 1.40% 1.96%
East Asia China People's Republic of China 7,500 <0.01% 0.03%
Northern Europe Denmark Denmark 2,000[8] 0.04% <0.01%
Oceania Fiji Fiji 2,577[9] 0.3% 0.01%
Western Europe France France 10,000 0.02% 0.04%
Central Europe Germany Germany 10,000–20,000[10] 0.03% 0.05–0.17%
Southern Europe Greece Greece 20,000[11] 0.1% 0.07%
Western Europe Iceland Iceland 100 0.03% <0.01%
South Asia India India 22,700,000[12] 1.72% 90.2%
Southeast Asia Indonesia Indonesia 15,000[13] <0.01% <0.01%
Western Europe Republic of Ireland Ireland 1,200[14] 0.03% <0.01%
Southern Europe Italy Italy 70,000[15] 0.11% 0.29%
East Asia Japan Japan 2,000 <0.01% <0.01%
East Asia South Korea South Korea 2,000 <0.01% <0.01%
Central Asia Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 800 <0.01% <0.01%
East Africa Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania 50,000-100,000[1] 0.64% 0.21%-0.42%
Middle East Kuwait Kuwait 20,000[16] 0.64% 0.08%
Middle East Lebanon Lebanon 3,000 0.07% 0.01%
Southern Africa Malawi Malawi 3,000 0.02% 0.01%
Southeast Asia Malaysia Malaysia 100,000[17] 0.37% 0.42%
Southern Africa Mauritius Mauritius 37,700 0.3% 0.16%
North America Mexico Mexico 8,000 <0.01% 0.03%
South Asia Nepal Nepal 5,890[18] 0.02% 0.02%
Western Europe Netherlands Netherlands 12,000 0.07% 0.05%
Oceania New Zealand New Zealand 40,908 0.43% 0.04%
West Africa Niger Niger 3,000 0.02% 0.01%
Northern Europe Norway Norway 5,000 <0.01% 0.02%
South Asia Pakistan Pakistan 50,000[19] 0.03% 0.08%
Southeast Asia Philippines Philippines 50,000[20][21] 0.1% 0.09%
Southeast Asia Thailand Thailand 70,000[22] 0.1% 0.29%
Western Europe United Kingdom United Kingdom 853,000 0.68% 1.8%
North America United States United States 700,000[23] 0.2% 1.05%
Southern Africa Zambia Zambia 3,000 0.03% 0.01%
Total 25,000,000

By region[edit]

These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. The first percentage, 4th column, refers to the percentage of Sikhs in a region (Sikhs in the region/total population of the region). The last column shows the Sikh percentage compared to the total Sikh population of the world (Sikhs in the region/total Sikh population of the world).

Sikhism in Africa
Region Total population Sikhs % of Sikhs % of Sikh total
Central Africa 83,121,055 14,000 0.017% 0.059%
East Africa 193,741,900 50,000-100,000 0.0005% 0.2%
North Africa 202,151,323 0 0% 0%
Southern Africa 137,092,019 47,700 0.035% 0.2%
West Africa 268,997,245 3,000 0.0011% 0.013%
Total 885,103,542 64,700 0.0531% 0.272%
Sikhism in Asia
Region Total population Sikhs % of Sikhs % of Sikh total
Central Asia 92,019,166 800 0.0009% 0.0034%
East Asia 1,527,960,261 11,500 0.0008% 0.05%
Middle East 274,775,527 29,000 0.011% 0.122%
South Asia 1,437,326,682 21,533,890 1.5% 90.5%
Southeast Asia 571,337,070 276,600 0.05% 1.162%
Total 3,903,418,706 21,851,190 1.5627% 91.8374%
Sikhism in Europe
Region Total population Sikhs % of Sikhs % of Sikh total
Central Europe 74,510,241 15,294-43,294 0.021%-0.06% 0.064%-0.2%
Eastern Europe 212,821,296 5,000 0.00235% 0.021%
Western Europe 375,832,557 1,024,300 0.272% 3.37%
Scandinavia 25,310,130 8,000 - 9,500 0.03% 0.03%
Total 728,571,703 1,099,294 - 1,127,794 0.26635% - 0.30535% 3.485% - 3.621%
Sikhism in the Americas
Region Total population Sikhs % of Sikhs % of Sikh total
Caribbean 24,898,266 0 0% 0%
Central America 41,135,205 0 0% 0%
North America 446,088,748 1,028,415 0.23054% 3.88%
South America 371,075,531 300 0.001% 0.001%
Total 883,197,750 1,028,715 0.1164% 3.88%
Sikhism in Oceania
Region Total population Sikhs % of Sikhs % of Sikh total
Oceania 36,659,000 149,771 0.409% 0.623%

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Johnson, Todd M.; Barrett, David B. (2004). "Quantifying alternate futures of religion and religions". Futures. 36 (9): 947–960. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2004.02.009.
  2. ^ "Sikhism". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  3. ^ www.sikhwiki.org https://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Sikhs_in_Argentina. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Census 2016, Community Profile (Australia). Australian Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 08 July 2017.
  5. ^ "UN census data" (PDF).
  6. ^ Largest Sikh Populations Retrieved March 23, 2018
  7. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "The Daily — 2011 National Household Survey: Immigration, place of birth, citizenship, ethnic origin, visible minorities, language and religion". www.statcan.gc.ca.
  8. ^ "Sikher fejrer guru - i Vanløse". 6 September 2004.
  9. ^ "Religion - Fiji Bureau of Statistics". www.statsfiji.gov.fj.
  10. ^ "Mitgliederzahlen: Sonstige", in: Religionswissenschaftlicher Medien- und Informationsdienst|Religionswissenschaftliche Medien- und Informationsdienst e. V. (Abbreviation: REMID), Retrieved 17 May 2017
  11. ^ A gurdwara in Kranidi by Athens News Archived 2007-05-15 at the Wayback Machine and 6 others including in Tavros, Athens, Oropos, Inofita, Thiva, Kriti, etc.
  12. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  13. ^ "UNHCR 2009 Report on International Religious Freedom- Indonesia". Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Login". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  15. ^ "NRI Sikhs in Italy". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  16. ^ "Kuwait". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  17. ^ "overseasindian.in". Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  18. ^ "Sikh Population of Nepal" (PDF).
  19. ^ "Pak NGO to resolve issues of Sikh community - Times of India".
  20. ^ "Punjabi community involved in money lending in Philippines braces for 'crackdown' by new President". 18 May 2016.
  21. ^ "2011 Gurdwara Philippines: Sikh Population of the Philippines". Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
  22. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report for 2006: Thailand". Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  23. ^ "Learn About Sikhs". SALDEF. SALDEF. Retrieved 28 August 2017.