Sikhism by country

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The Sikh diaspora and population centers as of 2004.[1]

Sikhism can be found predominantly in the Punjab region of India but Sikh communities exist on every inhabited continent, with the largest emigrant population being in Canada and United Kingdom. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them living in the Indian state of Punjab.[2]

Methodology[edit]

The figures on this list are either based on each of the country's respective censuses or are calculated by specific organisations. Some of these figures are rounded off. In case of conflicting estimates, both the lowest and highest estimates are included.

Countries[edit]

Sikhs and Sikhism by country
Region Country No. of Sikhs Sikh %  % of all Sikhs
South Asia Afghanistan 3,000 0.01% 0.01%
Oceania Australia 125,904[3] 0.54% 0.52%
Central Europe Austria 2,794[4] 0.03% 0.01%
South Asia Bangladesh 23,000 0.01% 0.01%
Western Europe Belgium 10,000 0.09% 0.04%
North America Canada 468,670[5] 1.40% 1.96%
East Asia People's Republic of China 7,500 <0.01% 0.03%
Northern Europe Denmark 2,000[6] 0.04% <0.01%
Oceania Fiji 4,676[7] 0.55% 0.02%
Western Europe France 10,000 0.02% 0.04%
Central Europe Germany 10,000–20,000[8] 0.03% 0.05%-0.17%
Southern Europe Greece 20,000[9] 0.1% 0.07%
Western Europe Iceland 100 0.03% <0.01%
South Asia India 22,000,000[10] 1.9% 90.2%
Southeast Asia Indonesia 15,000[11] <0.01% <0.01%
Middle East Iran 60 families[12] <0.01% <0.01%
Western Europe Ireland 1,200[13] 0.03% <0.01%
Southern Europe Italy 70,000[14] 0.11% 0.29%
East Asia Japan 2,000 <0.01% <0.01%
Central Asia Kazakhstan 800 <0.01% <0.01%
East Africa Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania 50,000-100,000[15] 0.64% 0.21%-0.42%
Middle East Kuwait 20,000[16] 0.64% 0.08%
Middle East Lebanon 3,000 0.07% 0.01%
Southern Africa Malawi 3,000 0.02% 0.01%
Southeast Asia Malaysia 100,000[17] 0.37% 0.42%
Southern Africa Mauritius 37,700 0.3% 0.16%
North America Mexico 8,000 <0.01% 0.03%
South Asia Nepal 5,890[18] 0.02% 0.02%
Western Europe Netherlands 12,000 0.07% 0.05%
Oceania New Zealand 19,191[19] 0.43% 0.04%
West Africa Niger 3,000 0.02% 0.01%
Northern Europe Norway 5,000 <0.01% 0.02%
South Asia Pakistan 20,000[20] 0.01% 0.08%
Southeast Asia Philippines 30,000[21] 0.1% 0.09%
Southeast Asia Thailand 70,000[22] 0.1% 0.29%
Western Europe United Kingdom 432,429[23] 0.68% 1.8%
North America United States 250,000[24] 0.08% 1.05%
Southern Africa Zambia 3,000 0.03% 0.01%
Total 24,000,000

By region[edit]

These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. The first percentage, 4th column, refers to the percentage of Sikhs in a region (Sikhs in the region * 100/total population of the region). The last column shows the Sikh percentage compared to the total Sikh population of the world (Sikhs in the region * 100/total Sikh population of the world).

Sikhism in Africa
Region Total Population Sikhs  % of Sikhs  % of Sikh total
Central Africa 83,121,055 14,000 0.017% 0.059%
East Africa 193,741,900 50,000-100,000 0.0005% 0.2%
North Africa 202,151,323 0 0% 0%
Southern Africa 137,092,019 47,700 0.035% 0.2%
West Africa 268,997,245 3,000 0.0011% 0.013%
Total 885,103,542 64,700 0.0531% 0.272%
Sikhism in Asia
Region Total Population Sikhs  % of Sikhs  % of Sikh total
Central Asia 92,019,166 800 0.0009% 0.0034%
East Asia 1,527,960,261 11,500 0.0008% 0.05%
Middle East 274,775,527 29,000 0.011% 0.122%
South Asia 1,437,326,682 21,533,890 1.5% 90.5%
Southeast Asia 571,337,070 276,600 0.05% 1.162%
Total 3,903,418,706 21,851,190 1.5627% 91.8374%
Sikhism in Europe
Region Total Population Sikhs  % of Sikhs  % of Sikh total
Central Europe 74,510,241 15,294-43,294 0.021%-0.06% 0.064%-0.2%
Eastern Europe 212,821,296 5,000 0.00235% 0.021%
Western Europe 375,832,557 1,024,300 0.272% 3.37%
Scandinavia 25,310,130 8,000 - 9,500 0.03% 0.03%
Total 728,571,703 1,099,294 - 1,127,794 0.26635% - 0.30535% 3.485% - 3.621%
Sikhism in The Americas
Region Total Population Sikhs  % of Sikhs  % of Sikh total
Caribbean 24,898,266 0 0% 0%
Central America 41,135,205 0 0% 0%
North America 446,088,748 1,028,415 0.23054% 3.88%
South America 371,075,531 0 0% 0%
Total 883,197,750 1,028,415 0.1164% 3.88%
Sikhism in Oceania
Region Total Population Sikhs  % of Sikhs  % of Sikh total
Oceania 36,659,000 149,771 0.409% 0.623%

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson and Barrett (2004) used in map construction. Research Paper: Quantifying alternate futures of religion and religions by Todd M. Johnson and David B. Barrett (2004). Refer to Table 1. Global adherents of the world's 18 major distinct religions, AD 1900–2025. Published by Elsevier Ltd, Available online 15 July 2004 [1]
  2. ^ "Sikhism". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  3. ^ Census 2016, Community Profile (Australia). Australian Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 08 July 2017.
  4. ^ UN census data
  5. ^ The Daily — 2011 National Household Survey: Immigration, place of birth, citizenship, ethnic origin, visible minorities, language and religion
  6. ^ http://www.b.dk/nationalt/sikher-fejrer-guru-i-vanloese
  7. ^ UN figures for Fiji 1986
  8. ^ "Mitgliederzahlen: Sonstige", in: Religionswissenschaftlicher Medien- und Informationsdienst|Religionswissenschaftliche Medien- und Informationsdienst e. V. (Abbreviation: REMID), Retrieved 17 May 2017
  9. ^ A gurdwara in Kranidi by Athens News and 6 others including in Tavros, Athens, Oropos, Inofita, Thiva, Kriti, etc.
  10. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "UNHCR 2009 Report on International Religious Freedom- Indonesia". Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "Gurdwara in Tehran that thrives on local support". Retrieved 26 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "Login". Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  14. ^ "NRI Sikhs in Italy". Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  15. ^ [Johnson, Todd; David B. Barrett (2 September 2004). "Quantifying Alternate Futures of Religion and Religions". Futures 36 (9): 947–960. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2004.02.009. http://www.sciencedirect.com. Retrieved 4 April 2008.]
  16. ^ "Kuwait". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  17. ^ "overseasindian.in". Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  18. ^ Sikh Population of Nepal
  19. ^ "2013 Census QuickStats about culture and identity". Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  20. ^ "Pakistan". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  21. ^ "2011 Gurdwara Philippines: Sikh Population of the Philippines". Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  22. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report for 2006: Thailand". Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  23. ^ "United Nations Table 9: Population by religion, sex and urban/rural residence". Office for National Statistics. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  24. ^ [2] Buddhists, Hindus and Sikhs in America: A Short History, p. 120