|CAL Fire S-70A Firehawk in flight|
|Role||Medium-lift transport/utility helicopter|
|Manufacturer||Sikorsky Aircraft, Turkish Aerospace Industries (under Licence)|
|First flight||October 1974|
|Primary users||U.S. Customs and Border Protection|
U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
See Operators section for others
|Variants||Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk |
Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk
Sikorsky HH-60 Pave Hawk
Sikorsky HH-60 Jayhawk
The Sikorsky S-70 is an American medium transport/utility helicopter family manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft. It was developed for the United States Army in the 1970s, winning a competition to be designated the UH-60 Black Hawk and spawning a large family in U.S. military service. New and improved versions of the UH-60 have been developed since. Civilian versions, and some military versions, are produced under various S-70 model designations.
The S-70 family was developed to meet a United States Army requirement to replace the UH-1 Iroquois family of utility medium-lift helicopters in 1972. Three YUH-60A prototypes were constructed, with the first flying in October 1974. They were evaluated against the Boeing-Vertol YUH-61A. The YUH-60A was selected for production, and entered service as the UH-60A Black Hawk with the U.S. Army in 1979.
After entering service, the helicopter was modified for new missions and roles, including mine laying and medical evacuation. An EH-60 variant was developed to conduct electronic warfare and special operations aviation developed the MH-60 variant to support its missions. In the late 1980s the model was upgraded to the UH-60L, which featured more power and lift with the upgrade to the -701C model of the GE T700 engine. The improved UH-60M model was developed in the early 2000s. The UH-60M and its International version, the S-70i, include GPS navigation, a glass cockpit, an integrated Flight Management System, and a significant upgrade to the powertrain and rotor system adding both power and lift capability.
The S-70 can perform a variety of missions, including air cavalry, electronic warfare, and aeromedical evacuation. Versions are used to transport the President of the United States under call sign "Marine One". In air assault operations it can move a squad of 11 combat troops and equipment or carry the 105 mm M102 howitzer, thirty rounds of ammunition, and a six-man crew. Alternatively, it can carry 2,600 lb (1,200 kg) of cargo or sling load 9,000 lb (4,100 kg) of cargo. The S-70 is equipped with advanced avionics and electronics, such as the Global Positioning System.
The HH-60G Pave Hawk is a highly modified version of the S-70 primarily designed to recover downed aircrew or other isolated personnel during war and equipped with a rescue hoist with a 250 ft (76 m) cable that has a 600 lb (270 kg) lift capability, and a retractable in-flight refueling probe. The United States Air Force received the MH-60G Pave Hawk in 1982.
The S-70A Firehawk is a version of the S-70 designed for firefighting, rescue, medical evacuation, and external lift of bulky cargo and equipment. The Oregon National Guard was the first military organization in the world to add the Firehawk to its inventory; the Los Angeles County Fire Department was the first municipal organization. Another Firehawk aerial firefighting operator is the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE) with the S-70i variant.
The Army flies medical evacuation models configured as rotary winged medical suites. It also uses the S-70 for special operations by the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment ("Night Stalkers") at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, designated as the MH-60K.
In 2010 August 5, to support its counter-narcotics and armed forces modernisation efforts, the US DSCA approved the Colombian Govt's request of additional 9 UH-60L (4 units allocated to the national police force).
- AH-60 Arpia III: Based on the UH-60H platform, is an indigenous development made by the Colombian Air Force, Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) (Elbit Systems), and Sikorsky Aircraft. Main armament is Hellfire anti-tank missiles and a GAU-21 machine gun on an indigenously developed turret.
- AH-60 Arpia IV: Based on the UH-60L, is an indigenous development made by the Colombian Air Force, IAI (Elbit Systems), and Sikorsky. Main armament is the Spike NLOS and a Nexter THL-20 gun turret.
- UH-60 Black Hawk: The basic military utility helicopter for the U.S. Army, with MH-60A, K, L, and M Special Operations variants.
- SH-60 Seahawk: Variant for anti-submarine warfare, search and rescue, maritime patrol, all-weather and day/night for the U.S. Navy.
- HH-60 Pave Hawk: Heli-rescue variant for search and rescue, MEDEVAC, and combat search and rescue use on day and night operations for the USAF.
- MH-60G Pave Hawk, Special Operations search-and-rescue helicopter variant for the U.S. Air Force.
- HH-60 Jayhawk: Variant for maritime patrol, interdiction, and search and rescue for the United States Coast Guard. The MH-60T Jayhawk is an upgraded version.
The company name for the H-60/S-70 family is the S-70 Black Hawk.
- S-70A Black Hawk (UH-60 Black Hawk): Military model for the export market.
- S-70A Firehawk: Firefighting variant of the UH-60L. Tank system designed and built by Aero Union in Chico, California.
- S-70A (N) Naval Hawk: Maritime variant that blends the S-70A Black Hawk and S-70B Seahawk designs.
- S-70B/C Seahawk: Maritime military model for the export market.
- S-70A-9: Australian derivative Black Hawk
- S-70C Firehawk: Civilian water-bomber variant
- S-70i Black Hawk: International military version assembled by Sikorsky subsidiary, PZL Mielec in Poland.
- Turkish Aerospace Industries T-70: A Turkish variant of the S-70i, built under license by Turkish Aerospace Industries with indigenous Turkish mission-computer and avionics (by ASELSAN); flight controls, landing gear and transmission (by Alp Aviation); and T700-TEI-701D engines under license from General Electric (by Tusaş Engine Industries). Turkey was to initially produce about 109 T70s under license. U.S. Ambassador to Turkey Frank Ricciardone stated that Turkey intends to produce some 600 T70s.
- S-70M Black Hawk: FAA type certified (Restricted Category Special Airworthiness Certificate) version based on S70i Black Hawk manufactured by Sikorsky subsidiary, PZL Mielec in Poland. S-70M Black Hawk helicopter is available to the US commercial/civil market for the missions such as agricultural operations, external cargo carriage and forest and wildlife conservation, which includes aerial firefighting missions 
- Sikorsky S-71 - a proposed attack helicopter using dynamic components from the S-70.
- Sikorsky S-92 - Civilian medium-lift derivative of the S-70/H-60 with dynamic components based on S-70/H-60 components. The S-92 took its maiden flight on December 23, 1998 at the Sikorsky Development Flight Center, West Palm Beach, Florida.
- H-92 Superhawk - military version of the S-92. The Sikorsky CH-148 Cyclone is the H-92 version for the Canadian Armed Forces.
- Sikorsky VH-92 - VIP transport version of the S-92.
- Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management Authority - Leased from Timberline Helicopters, Inc.
- Ministry of Internal Affairs - S-70M (6 on order, up to 12 to be purchased). Intended to be used by SMURD.
- California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE)
- Los Angeles County Fire Department
- Pacific Gas and Electric Company
- San Diego Fire-Rescue Department
- U.S. Customs and Border Protection
- Ventura County Sheriffs Department
Data from S-70i Brochure
- Crew: 4 (pilot, co-pilot, & gunners or crew chiefs)
- Capacity: 11 foldable seats for troops (+12th seat quick install option) / 6 stretchers / 9,000 lb (4,082 kg) external slung load
- Length: 64 ft 10 in (19.76 m) from forward tip main rotor to rear tip tail rotor
- Width: 14 ft 4 in (4.37 m) between tips of tail wings
- 7 ft (2.13 m) cabin width
- Height: 17 ft 6 in (5.33 m)
- Empty weight: 11,790 lb (5,348 kg)
- Gross weight: 18,000 lb (8,165 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 22,000 lb (9,979 kg) or 23,500 lb (10,659 kg) with external load
- Fuel capacity: 2,530 US gal (2,107 imp gal; 9,577 L)[a]
- Powerplant: 2 × General Electric T700-GE-701D turboshaft engines, 1,940 shp (1,450 kW) each
- Main rotor diameter: 53 ft 8 in (16.36 m)
- Main rotor area: 2,262.33 sq ft (210.177 m2)
- Blade section: - root: SC1095/SC1095R8; tip: Sikorsky SC1095
- Specific fuel consumption: 0.462 lb/hp/h (0.0781 kg/kW/ks)
- Maximum speed: 195 kn (224 mph, 361 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 160 kn (180 mph, 300 km/h) at maximum cruise (standard day, sea level)
- 149 kn (171 mph; 276 km/h) economical cruise
- Range: 250 nmi (290 mi, 460 km) with 20 minutes reserve
- Service ceiling: 20,000 ft (6,100 m) at 18,000 lb (8,165 kg) GW all engines operating (AEO)
- Rate of climb: 2,250 ft/min (11.4 m/s)
- Mitsubishi H-60
- Sikorsky CH-148 Cyclone
- Sikorsky HH-60 Pave Hawk
- Sikorsky MH-60 Jayhawk
- Sikorsky S-92
- Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk
- Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk
- VH-60 Presidential Hawk
- List of active military aircraft of the United States
- List of helicopters
- List of Sikorsky S-70 Models
- List of utility helicopters
- maximum fuel is 360 US gal (300 imp gal; 1,363 L) internal and two 185 US gal (154 imp gal; 700 L) cabin auxiliary tanks and up to four 450 US gal (375 imp gal; 1,703 L) or 230 US gal (192 imp gal; 871 L) drop tanks
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CN construction numbers
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