|• Arabic||سيلة الحارثية|
|• Also spelled||Seilet el-Harthiya (unofficial)|
View of Silat al-Harithiya from the air
|• Head of Municipality||Adnan Tahayana|
|Name meaning||Sily, from personal name|
Silat al-Harithiya (Arabic: سيلة الحارثية) is a Palestinian village in the Jenin Governorate, located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) northwest of Jenin in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics census, the town had a population of 9,422 in 2007.
In 1799, in the Ottoman era, men from Silat al-Harithiya fought Napoleon's invading forces in the Jezreel Valley plain. In 1838 Edward Robinson noted it among many other villages on the plain; Lajjun, Umm al-Fahm, Ti'inik, Kafr Dan, Al-Yamun and el Barid.
In 1870 Victor Guérin noted that Sileh was a large village of 1,000 inhabitants; it was surrounded by gardens planted with fig trees, pomegranates and some vines. In the valley that separated the two areas of which it was composed, there was a oualy dedicated to Sheikh Hasan, with three palm trees in front.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as "a good-sized village, well built of stone, with a spring and cisterns. There are rock-cut wine-presses on the west, and olives and figs round".
British Mandate period
Palestine, including Silat al-Harithiya, was captured by British forces during World War I and the country subsequently came under a British Mandate. In the 1922 census of Palestine, Selet al-Hartiyeh had a population of 1,041, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 1,259 inhabitants, still all Muslims, living in 295 houses.
In 1945 the population of Silat al-Harithiya was 1,860, all Muslims, with 8,931 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. 2,534 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 1,140 dunams for cereals, while 80 dunams were built-up (urban) land and 3,179 dunams were classified as "non-cultivable".
After the Six-Day War in 1967, Silat al-Harithiya has been under Israeli occupation. The Israeli occupation led Abdullah Yusuf Azzam to leave his home in the village, and "never again set foot in Palestine." He was later cofounder of al-Qaeda.
- Yusuf Abu Durra, Palestinian Arab rebel leader during 1936 revolt against British
- Abdullah Yusuf Azzam, Sunni Islamic scholar and theologian and founding member of al-Qaeda
- Palmer, 1881, p. 153
- 2007 Locality Population Statistics. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). p. 106.
- Hegghammer, 2013, p. 359
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 161
- Guérin, 1875, pp. 225–226
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 45
- Barron, 1923, p. 30.
- Mills, 1932, p. 71
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 17
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 55
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 99
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 149
- Bornstein, 2002, p. 48
- Hegghammer, 2013, pp. 366–367
- Swedenberg 2003, p. 132
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- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hegghammer, T. (2013). "Abdallāh ʿAzzām and Palestine" (PDF). Die Welt des Islams. 53-3-4: 353–387.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
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- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Swedenburg, Ted (2003). Memories of Revolt: The 1936–1939 Rebellion and the Palestinian National Past. University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 1610752635.