Silence Twister

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Twister 1100
Twister at Old Warden.jpg
Silence Twister on display at Old Warden airfield
Role Single-seat ultralight homebuilt monoplane
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Silence Aircraft
First flight 30 September 2000
Status In production (2013)
Number built 21 (2011)
Developed from Technically not developed from, but inspired by the Supermarine Spitfire

The Silence Twister is a German ultralight designed by Silence Aircraft for amateur construction, either from plans or kits.[1] The prototype first flew on 30 September 2000.[2]

Design and development[edit]

The Twister is a single-seat low-wing monoplane with elliptical wings and tailplane. It has a retractable conventional landing gear with a fixed tailwheel.[2] The design drew inspiration from the Supermarine Spitfire, and the shapes of the Twister's wings, fin and tailplane all recall the famous World War II fighter. Designed to take engines up to 94 hp (70 kW) the prototype was fitted with a 53.6 hp (40 kW) single-rotor MidWest Wankel engine. This rotary motor was very compact and allowed a sleek engine cowling, but the engine was rejected and production aircraft use the 85 hp (63 kW) Jabiru 2200 or the 95 hp (71 kW) ULPower UL260i engines.[2][3][4]

An electric aircraft version was under development in 2010.[3]

Propeller[edit]

The Twister prototype was fitted with Silence Aircraft's own automatic variable-pitch propeller called the "VProp". The LAA have yet to allow the VProp to be fitted on UK aircraft, so UK Twisters have fixed-blade propellers instead.[5]

Operational history[edit]

Twenty-one examples had been completed and flown by December 2011.[1]

Variants[edit]

SA155
Initial prototype powered by a 34 kW (45 hp) MidWest AE50 Wankel rotary engine. The second prototype was powered by a 34 kW (45 hp) Diamond AE50 engine.[2]
SA180
powered by a 60 kW (80 hp) Jabiru 2200 engine.[2]
Akron
A version developed for the US market under Experimental aircraft certification rules.[2]

Specifications (Prototype)[edit]

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 2004-05.[6]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.18 m (20 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.5 m (24 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 1.44 m (4 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 8.72 m2 (93.9 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: Stuttgart LWK180/25
  • Empty weight: 200 kg (441 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 340 kg (750 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 80 l (21 US gal; 18 imp gal) (75 l (20 US gal; 16 imp gal) usable)
  • Powerplant: 1 × MidWest AE50 Wankel rotary engine, 40 kW (54 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Silence V-Prop automatic variable-pitch propeller

Performance

  • Cruise speed: 200 km/h (124 mph; 108 kn)
  • Stall speed: 65 km/h (40 mph; 35 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 300 km/h (186 mph; 162 kn)
  • Range: 1,300 km (808 mi; 702 nmi) max fuel
  • g limits: +6/-4
  • Rate of climb: 5.50 m/s (1,083 ft/min) at sea level
  • Junkers ProFly ballistic recovery parachute

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vandermeullen, Richard (December 2011). "2012 Kit Aircraft Buyer's Guide". Kitplanes. Belvoir Publications. 28 (12): 63. ISSN 0891-1851. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Jackson, Paul, ed. (2003). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 2003-2004. Coulsdon, Surrey, United Kingdom: Jane's Information Group. pp. 189=190. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5. 
  3. ^ a b Bayerl, Robby; Berkemeier, Martin; et al. (2011). World Directory of Leisure Aviation 2011-12. Lancaster UK: WDLA UK. p. 75. 
  4. ^ Tacke, Willi; TBoric; et al: World Directory of Light Aviation 2015-16, page 125. Flying Pages Europe SARL, 2015. ISSN 1368-485X, Marino; et al. (2015). World Directory of Light Aviation 2015-16. Flying Pages Europe SARL. p. 125. 
  5. ^ "ENGINES AND PROPELLERS FITTED TO LAA AIRCRAFT" (PDF). The Light Aircraft Association. The Light Aircraft Association. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 
  6. ^ Jackson, Paul, MRAeS, ed. (2005). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 2004-05. London: Janes Publishing Group. pp. 189–190. ISBN 0-7106-2614-2. 

External links[edit]