|Directed by||Mel Brooks|
|Produced by||Michael Hertzberg|
|Music by||John Morris|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$36.1 million|
Silent Movie is a 1976 American satirical comedy film co-written, directed by and starring Mel Brooks, released by 20th Century Fox in the summer of 1976. The ensemble cast includes Dom DeLuise, Marty Feldman, Bernadette Peters, and Sid Caesar, with cameos by Anne Bancroft, Liza Minnelli, Burt Reynolds, James Caan, Marcel Marceau, and Paul Newman as themselves. The film is produced in the manner of a 20th century silent film with intertitles instead of spoken dialogue; the soundtrack consists almost entirely of accompanying music and sound effects. It is an affectionate parody of slapstick comedies, including those of Charlie Chaplin, Mack Sennett, and Buster Keaton. The film satirizes the film industry, presenting the story of a movie producer trying to obtain studio support to make a silent film in present-day 1970s.
Mel Funn (Mel Brooks), a once-great Hollywood film director, is now recovering from a drinking problem and down on his luck. He and his sidekicks Dom Bell (Dom DeLuise) and Marty Eggs (Marty Feldman) pitch to Big Pictures Studios' Chief (Sid Caesar) the idea to make the first silent movie in forty years. The Chief rejects the idea at first, but Funn convinces him that if he can get Hollywood's biggest stars to be in the film, it could save the studio from a takeover by New York conglomerate Engulf & Devour (Harold Gould and Ron Carey).
Funn, Bell, and Eggs proceed to recruit various stars for the film. They surprise Burt Reynolds in his shower and then revisit his mansion in disguise. They recruit James Caan filming on location, following slapstick fumbling in an unstable dressing room trailer. They find Liza Minnelli at the studio commissary, where she eagerly agrees to be in the film. They recruit Anne Bancroft by disguising themselves as nightclub Flamenco dancers. While visiting the ailing Chief in the hospital, Funn phones Marcel Marceau, who responds in French with the film's only spoken word: "Non!" They see Paul Newman on the hospital grounds and sign him to the film after a wild electric wheelchair chase.
In the course of their search for stars, the trio have a number of brief misadventures, including a mix-up between a seeing-eye dog and an untrained look-alike, several (mostly unsuccessful) efforts by Eggs to seduce various women, and a soft-drink dispensing machine that launches cans like grenades.
Engulf and Devour learn of the project, and try to sabotage it by sending voluptuous nightclub sensation Vilma Kaplan (Bernadette Peters) to seduce Funn. He falls for her, but returns to drinking when he learns she was part of a scheme. He buys a huge bottle of liquor and drinks himself into a stupor, surrounded by fellow "winos". But Kaplan has genuinely fallen for Funn and refused Engulf & Devour's money; she helps Bell and Eggs find him and restore him to sobriety.
The film is completed, but the only copy is stolen by Engulf & Devour just before its theatrical premiere. Kaplan stalls the audience with her nightclub act while Funn, Eggs, and Bell successfully steal the film back. They are cornered by Engulf and Devour's thuggish executives, but use the exploding soft-drink machine they encountered earlier to attack and subdue them. In the course of hurrying to the theater, Eggs becomes entangled in the film and has to be rushed to the projection booth to show it.
The film is a huge success with the audience, which erupts with over-the-top applause. The studio is saved, and Funn, Bell, Eggs, Kaplan, and Chief celebrate, as an on-screen caption identifies the film as a "true story".
- Burt Reynolds as Himself
- James Caan as Himself
- Liza Minnelli as Herself
- Anne Bancroft as Herself
- Marcel Marceau as Himself
- Paul Newman as Himself
- Mel Brooks as Mel Funn
- Marty Feldman as Marty Eggs
- Dom DeLuise as Dom Bell
- Bernadette Peters as Vilma Kaplan
- Sid Caesar as Studio Chief
- Harold Gould as Engulf
- Ron Carey as Devour
- Carol Arthur as Pregnant Lady
- Liam Dunn as Newsvendor
- Fritz Feld as Maitre d'
- Chuck McCann as Studio Gate Guard
- Valerie Curtin as Intensive Care Nurse
- Yvonne Wilder as Studio Chief's Secretary
- Arnold Soboloff as Acupuncture Man
- Patrick Campbell as Motel Bellhop
- Harry Ritz as Man in Tailor Shop
- Charlie Callas as Blindman
- Henny Youngman as Fly-in-soup Man
- Eddie Ryder as British Officer
- Al Hopson as Executive
- Rudy De Luca as Executive
- Barry Levinson as Executive
- Howard Hesseman as Executive
- Lee Delano as Executive
- Jack Riley as Executive
- Inga Neilsen as Beautiful Blonde #1
- Erica Hagen as Beautiful Blonde #2
- Robert Lussier as Projectionist
- Phil Leeds as Rio Bomba Waiter (Uncredited)
Mel Brooks enjoyed success with the release of Blazing Saddles and Young Frankenstein in 1974, both being parody films spoofing entire genres. He followed this success with Silent Movie, an affectionate parody of the slapstick films of the silent film era. The film feels like a throwback to this earlier era, despite using color and other up to date techniques. As a film about filmmaking, Silent Movie also parodies "Hollywood deal-making". Co-writer Ron Clark was previously the producer of The Tim Conway Comedy Hour (1970), while Rudy De Luca and Barry Levinson were writers for The Carol Burnett Show (1967–1978). Unsurprisingly, the humor of Silent Movie would not be out of place in a sketch comedy. Henry Jenkins points out that for Brooks the decision to make a silent comedy represents an allusion to an earlier era of his career. He used to be a writer for Your Show of Shows (1950–1954), a show which included pantomime segments and parodies of silent films. Television audiences of the 1950s were familiar with the silents through their broadcast on late night television.
The film features an unflattering portrayal of the film industry. Big Picture Studios' front gate sign boasts of the multimillion-dollar scope of their films, never mentioning their quality. The film project is green-lit not on the merits of its script, but solely on the drawing power of the movie stars attached. Executives cannot tell good film footage apart from bad, while the 'Current Studio Chief' is one box office bomb away from losing his position. The studio itself is under threat of a takeover by a "soulless" conglomerate. The movie stars are portrayed as vain figures who flaunt their wealth. The moviegoing audience is portrayed as fickle and unpredictable. Villainous 'Engulf & Devour' is a parody of real-life conglomerate Gulf+Western Industries, which had acquired Paramount Pictures. The film also parodies corporate executives as essentially interchangeable yes-men, following the whims of their boss.
The logo of Big Picture Studios is a parody of the MGM lion. It depicts the Studio Chief (Sid Caesar) as a braying donkey. Liza Minnelli appears in a scene which makes no use of her dancing talents. Writer Robert Alan Crick, author of The Big Screen Comedies of Mel Brooks (2002), points out that the part could easily have been played by any well-known actress of the 1970s, with no apparent difference. The film was the first notable acting role for Brooks, who was previously limited to off-screen voiceovers and short cameos.
Sound is a big factor in the film's humor, as when a scene that shows the New York City skyline begins with the song "San Francisco", only to have it come to a sudden stop as if the musicians realize they are playing the wrong music. They then go into "I'll Take Manhattan" instead. One joke makes use of the difference between the expressive gestures of silent cinema and those used in guessing games, such as charades. A secretary attempts to explain to the Studio Chief that Funn has a drinking problem, by pantomiming an uplifted bottle. Her boss misunderstands, figuring that Funn sucks his thumb. Another scene with the Studio Chief pays homage to slapstick: the Chief proclaims slapstick to be dead, then his chair flips backwards, and sends him sliding across the room in it. He slams his head, with the sound of a bell ringing. The humor of the scene derives from the combination of the image and the unlikely sound. Many of the gags of the film actually depend on careful synchronizations of sound and image. For example, one sequence has Feldman tossed about between elevator doors. It is set to the sounds of a pinball machine.
Other gags are delivered through intertitles. For example, in a meeting of 'Engulf & Devour', an underling whispers something in the ears of his boss. The intertitles report: "whisper...whisper...whisper". The boss fails to understand, forcing the man to shout. In response the intertitle is written in all caps: "YOUR FLY IS OPEN".
- Brooks initially envisioned the film without even a musical soundtrack. But the idea made 20th Century Fox executives nervous, so Brooks added John Morris' score, "like a rug from beginning to end, just to be on the safe side."
- Even though the film was shot without sound, Brooks was initially frustrated when he could not get the film crew to laugh, as they were afraid their laughter would spoil a take.
- Brooks biographer James Robert Parish says that Brooks based the Eggs and Bell characters on his relationship with his three brothers.
- This was Brooks' first starring role in a film; referring to himself as actor-director, Brooks said, "I'm not going to tell myself how much I like me or I'll ask for more money."
- The pregnant woman in the first scene is Carol Arthur, Dom DeLuise's wife.
Reynolds later described how his cameo came about:
Mel is one of the first directors in town who said, "God, you're funny." Originally I was going to do another segment in the film, but at the time I had this house up on the hill. I had gotten a big "R" from Republic Studios and put it on the gate. The décor was Early Gauche. I had my initials everywhere - "BR" on the rugs, the ashtrays, everywhere. It was a joke; it made me laugh; it made people who came there laugh. It's the kind of joke I like to play on myself. At parties I used to put lights around the "R." Mel took that and ran with it for the part I played.
On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 80% based on 25 reviews, with an average rating of 6.97/10. The critical consensus reads: "Stylistically audacious and infectiously nostalgic for the dawn of cinema, Silent Movie is another comedic triumph for Mel Brooks... now shush." On Metacritic the film has a score of 75 out of 100, based on reviews from 7 critics.
Roger Ebert gave the film a four-star review and called it "not only funny, but fun." He cited as positive elements the ability of Brooks to do anything for a laugh and the world of his films where everything is possible. He stated that Brooks took "a considerable stylistic risk" which he managed to pull off "triumphantly". He considered the film equal in comedic ability to Blazing Saddles (1974), superior to Young Frankenstein (1974), and inferior to The Producers (1968). He also praised the film for offering an encyclopedia-worth of visual gags, both old and new. Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote that the film can be enjoyed as "a virtually uninterrupted series of smiles" but "doesn't contain a single moment that ever seriously threatens to split the sides." Variety wrote, "Considering the pitfalls, the brisk 86-minute pic works surprisingly well." Gene Siskel gave the film three stars out of four and wrote that it offered "a number of laughs" and unbilled cameos "refreshing as they are brief." Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times wrote, "Some of the bits and pieces work better than others, but so many work so clownishly, zanily, idiotically well that 'Silent Movie' is certain to have the year's noisiest audiences." Gary Arnold of The Washington Post called the film "a misbegotten but tolerably amusing novelty item."
It earned North American rentals of $21,240,000.
Awards and nominations
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Picture - Comedy or Musical||Silent Movie||Nominated|
|Best Actor in a Comedy or Musical||Mel Brooks||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||Marty Feldman||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Bernadette Peters||Nominated|
|Writers Guild of America Awards||Best Comedy Written Directly for the Screen||Mel Brooks, Ron Clark, Rudy De Luca, Barry Levinson||Nominated|
The DVD contains audio tracks in English, Spanish, and French, even though the film's only spoken line, "Non" (French for "No"), sounds almost identical in all three languages. The DVD also includes English subtitles.
- Crick, Robert Alan (2002), "Silent Movie (1976)", The Big Screen Comedies of Mel Brooks, McFarland & Company, ISBN 978-0786443260
- Ebert, Roger (2007), "Silent Movie", Roger Ebert's Four Star Reviews--1967-2007, Andrews McMeel Publishing, ISBN 978-0740792175
- Jenkins, Henry (2013), "Mel Brooks, Vulgar Modernism, and Comic Remediation", in Horton, Andrew; Rapf, Joanna E. (eds.), A Companion to Film Comedy, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-1118327852
- "Silent Movie (A)". British Board of Film Classification. July 20, 1976. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
- Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, Scarecrow Press, 1989 p. 258
- "Silent Movie, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- Crick (2002), pp. 84–100
- Jenkins (2013), pp. 165–168
- 'The End' is just the beginning McBride, Joseph; Riley, Brooks. Film Comment; New York Vol. 14, Iss. 3, (May/Jun 1978): 16-21.
- Silent Movie at Rotten Tomatoes
- "Silent Movie". Metacritic.
- Ebert, Roger. "Silent Movie movie review & film summary (1976)". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Ebert (2007), pp. 701–702
- Canby, Vincent (July 1, 1976). "'Silent Movie' With Golden Subtitles". The New York Times. 22.
- "Film Reviews: Silent Movie". Variety. June 23, 1976. 16.
- Siskel, Gene (July 1, 1976). "'Silent' is a sound movie". Chicago Tribune. Section 3, p. 6.
- Champlin, Charles (June 27, 1976). "The Fine, Flaky Flow of Silent Brooks". Los Angeles Times. Calendar, p. 1.
- Arnold, Gary (June 30, 1976). "Mel Brooks' Silent Treatment". The Washington Post. B1.
- Solomon p. 233
- Golden Globes