Upper Silesian metropolitan area

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Upper Silesian metropolitan area

obszar metropolitalny konurbacji górnośląskiej
Slezská Metropolitní oblast
Map of Upper Silesian metropolitan area.png
CountryPoland, Czech Republic
RegionMainly Silesia
Largest CitiesKatowice
Ostrava
Sosnowiec
Gliwice
Zabrze
Bytom
Area
 • Metro
5,400 km2 (2,100 sq mi)
Population
 • Metro
5,294,000
 • Metro density980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Katowice in Silesian Voivodeship (Poland), the largest city in Upper Silesian metropolitan area.

The Upper Silesian metropolitan area is a metropolitan area in southern Poland and northeast Czech Republic, centered on the cities of Katowice and Ostrava in Silesia. Located in the three administrative units (NUTS-2 class): mainly Silesian Voivodeship, a small western part of Lesser Poland Voivodeship and a small east part of Moravian-Silesian Region.

The area lies within the Upper Silesian Coal Basin. Silesian metropolitan area (5.3 million people) with nearby Kraków metropolitan area (1.3 million[1][2][3][4][5] people) and Częstochowa metropolitan area (0.4 million[1][2][3] people) create a great metropolitan area covering 7 million people.

Statistics[edit]

Upper Silesian metropolitan area has a population of 5,294,000, with 4,311,000 (81.43%) in Poland (the Upper Silesian polycentric metropolitan area) and 983,000 (18.57%) in the Czech Republic (Ostrava Functional Urban Area).[1] According to Polish Scientific Publishers (PWN) area is 5,400 km², with 4,500 km² (83.33%) in Poland and 900 km² (16.67%) in the Czech Republic.[6]

The area consists of several Functional Urban Areas (FUA), each of which is defined as a core Morphological Urban Area (MUA) based on population density plus the surrounding labour pool, i.e. a metropolitan area. This area contains the following FUAs:[1]

Data may vary depending on the source, example for same the Katowice city exist sources for 3.5 million people;[7][8] for the Rybnik – 507,000,[3] while for the Ostrava – 1,153,876.[2]

Economy[edit]

Historically, most of the area was characterized by heavy industry since the age of industrialisation in the late 19th and early 20th century. In addition to coal, Upper Silesia also contains a number of other minable resources (methane, cadmium, lead, silver and zinc). Resources of coal to a depth to 1000 meters – about 70 billion tons, the conditions for the extraction – good.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (in English) European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) "ESPON project 1.4.3. Study on Urban Functions" Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. – Final report, March 2007, ISBN 2-9600467-2-2
  2. ^ a b c (in English) Eurostat, Urban Audit database Archived 2011-04-06 at the Wayback Machine., accessed on 2009-03-12. Data for 2004.
  3. ^ a b c (in Polish) "Społeczne i polityczne zróżnicowanie aglomeracji w Polsce" – Paweł Swianiewicz, Urszula Klimska Archived 2009-01-24 at the Wayback Machine.; University of Warsaw 2005
  4. ^ (in Polish) Funkcje Metropolitalne Pięciu Stolic Województw Wschodnich Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine. – Tadeusz Markowski
  5. ^ (in Polish) "Koncepcja przestrzennego zagospodarowania kraju" Archived 2010-03-31 at the Wayback Machine. – Ministry of Regional Development, 2003
  6. ^ a b (in Polish) "Górnośląskie Zagłębie Węglowe"PWN Encyclopedia
  7. ^ (in English) www.worldatlas.com
  8. ^ (in Polish) "Górnośląski Okręg Przemysłowy"PWN Encyclopedia

Coordinates: 50°15′00″N 19°00′00″E / 50.2500°N 19.0000°E / 50.2500; 19.0000