Siletz Reservation

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Location of Siletz, Oregon

The Siletz Reservation is a 5.852 sq mi (15.157 km²) Indian reservation in Lincoln County, Oregon, United States, owned by the Confederated Tribes of Siletz. The reservation lies on numerous non-contiguous parcels of land in east-central Lincoln County, mostly east of the city of Siletz, between it and the Polk County line. (The city is located at 44°43′19″N 123°54′59″W / 44.72194°N 123.91639°W / 44.72194; -123.91639 (44.721812, -123.916316)).[1]

History[edit]

Establishment[edit]

In November 1855 President of the United States Franklin Pierce issued an executive order creating a reservation for the relocation of the indigenous peoples of the coastal region of the Oregon Territory.[2] A 120-mile-long strip of land was designated for this "Coast" or "Siletz" Reservation.[2] This reservation extended from Cape Lookout in Tillamook County on the North coast extending all the way down to the Siltcoos River, near Florence in the South.[2]

As Oregon's population grew, the federal government opened up reservation lands for settlement by white newcomers, who displaced the indigenous peoples.[3] Tribal groups reestablished a presence in isolated portions of their traditional homelands.[3] Under the Dawes Act of 1887, communal tribal lands were divided for distribution of individual plots to households of tribal members; any remaining acreage was classified as "surplus" and sold to non-natives. This break-up of communal lands accelerated the process of atomization of the state's indigenous peoples.[3]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c David R.M. Beck, "'Standing Out Here in the Surf': The Termination and Restoration of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Western Oregon in Historical Perspective," Oregon Historical Quarterly, vol. 110, no. 1 (Spring 2009), pg. 10.
  3. ^ a b c Beck, "'Standing Out Here in the Surf,'" pg. 11.

Further reading[edit]

  • David R.M. Beck, "'Standing Out Here in the Surf': The Termination and Restoration of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Western Oregon in Historical Perspective," Oregon Historical Quarterly, vol. 110, no. 1 (Spring 2009), pp. 6–37. In JSTOR.
  • C.F. Coan, "The Adoption of the Reservation Policy in Pacific Northwest, 1853–1855," Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society, vol. 23, no. 1 (March 1922), pp. 1–38. In JSTOR.

External links[edit]