3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||535.7034 g/mol|
|Melting point||120.5 °C (248.9 °F; 393.6 K)|
|Boiling point||287.4 °C (549.3 °F; 560.5 K)|
|Solubility in organic solvents||soluble|
|Flash point||−18 °C (0 °F; 255 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
The compound is stable to strong heating and can be stored at room temperature for long periods but must be kept dry as it reacts quickly with water and also reacts slowly with moisture in the air. It can be made on a large scale by reaction of silicon or silicon carbide with iodine on heating to about 200 °C. Of more academic interest is the reaction of silane with iodine vapour at 130 - 150 °C, as this produces a series of compounds ranging from iodosilane SiH3I to diiodosilane SiH2I2 and triiodosilane SiHI3 as well. These compounds are colourless liquids at room temperature. The last one can be readily distinguished from the similar carbon compound, iodoform which is a yellow solid at room temperature.
- Kolonits, Maria; Hargittai, Magdolna (1998). Structural Chemistry. 9 (5): 349. doi:10.1023/A:1022462926682. Missing or empty
- Banerjee, Chiranjib; Wade, Casey R.; Soulet, Axel; Jursich, Gregory; McAndrew, James; Belot, John A. (2006). "Direct syntheses and complete characterization of halide-free tetrakis(dialkylamino)silanes". Inorganic Chemistry Communications. 9 (7): 761. doi:10.1016/j.inoche.2006.04.027.
- Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8.
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