Sillery, Quebec City
District (French: quartier)
|Etymology: Noël Brûlart de Sillery|
Latin: Non multa sed multum (Not many things but much)
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|District of Sainte-Foy–Sillery||1 January 2002|
|District of Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge||1 November 2009|
|• Body||Conseil de quartier|
|• Total||755 ha (1,866 acres)|
|Elevation||72 m (236 ft)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (EDT)|
|Postal Code FSA|
|Area codes||418, 581, 367|
Sillery, a former independent city founded in 1637, is one of 35 administrative sectors (French: quartiers), which are unincorporated places, located in the post-expansion jurisdiction of the City of Quebec, Quebec, Canada. Sillery was one of multiple self-governing municipalities amalgamated into a vastly expanded Quebec City, that went into legal effect on January 1, 2002, as part of the province-wide 2000–06 municipal reorganization in Quebec. Located alongside in what pre-merger was the southwestern border of Quebec City, Sillery is a constituent district (French: quartier) of the borough (French: arrondissement) of Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge. The territorially expanded City of Quebec consists of six boroughs.
Four heritage sites are located within Quebec City, one of which is situated in Sillery. The neighbourhood of Sillery contains the Sillery Heritage Site, which was recognized as heritage district by the provincial government on 5 February 1964. On 22 June 2006, the federal government's Parks Canada included Sillery's historic district on its Canadian Register of Historic Places. In 2013, Quebec City changed the name of the historic district to Sillery Heritage Site (French: site patrimonial de Sillery), as part of its preparation for the provincial government's transfer of responsibility for the district's management to it.
The City of Quebec has 27 neighbourhood councils (French: conseils de quartiers) spread across its territorial jurisdiction. Sillery has city representation and citizen participation through le conseil de quartier de Sillery. The council has public meetings, at Sillery's community centre, which on average are scheduled once a month. Sillery elects a total of 10 board members in staggered terms of office holding.
Sillery was named for Noël Brûlart de Sillery (1577–1640), Knight of Malta. A wealthy and successful French diplomat, he renounced worldly goods and became a Catholic priest. He provided the funds for the establishment in 1637–1638 of a settlement for First Nations converts to Catholicism.
The community was established at a cove where the Algonquin gathered for summer to fish for eels. Originally named in honour of Saint Joseph and called Kamiskouaouangachit in the Algonquin language, the settlement became the home of up to 40 Algonquin Christian families who lived there most of the year, excluding the hunting season. The formation of this settlement came as a result of longterm Algonquin interest in agriculture, conversions to Christianity, and pressure from the ongoing Beaver War. The residents included Algonquins from as far away as the Ottawa river valley.
Missionaries to New France, such as Jacques Gravier, studied with the indigenous residents of Sillery to learn their languages before going to more distant settlements. By the early 18th century, he had compiled a nearly 600–page dictionary of Kaskaskia Illinois–French. By 1640, the Augustinian sisters established a convent in the community, which hosted non-permanent residents of the community, especially refugees of the Beaver War or seasonal visitors in winter. Many of the community's natives fell victim to epidemics of new infectious diseases, to which they had no natural immunity. The settlement was largely depopulated by the late 1680s.
Renamed Sillery in honour of its financier, the town later became important as a port for the lumber industry. The city of Sillery's motto was non multa sed multum, the Latin proverb of "not many things, but much," a fit descriptor for the small enclave. From the land at the water's edge, including Anse-au-Foulon, site of the disembarkation of General Wolfe's successful army in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, the community spread up to the top of the heights overlooking the Saint Lawrence River. In 1760, during the French and Indian War, the Battle of Sainte-Foy was fought near Sillery, as part of a French attempt to re-capture Quebec City, which had been taken by the British the previous year.
Sillery houses Bois-de-Coulonge Park, once the viceregal residence of Quebec. A villa known as Spencer Wood was built in 1854 by the government of the Province of Canada, and was purchased by the Quebec Government in 1870 to serve as the residence of Quebec's Lieutenant-Governors until 1966, when a major fire destroyed the main residence. Originally an estate (French: domaine) named in honour of the assassinated United Kingdom Prime Minister Spencer Perceval, in 1815, by his nephew, Michael Henry Perceval, it was renamed Bois-de-Coulonge in 1950.
Commanding the bluffs just west of the city of Québec, in modern times Sillery was known principally for its quiet tree-lined streets, historic churches such as Saint-Michel de Sillery Church, views of the river, and several very old schools run by a variety of religious institutes. Its coat of arms consisted of a red shield with a white Maltese cross in the upper right hand corner and a three-masted ship in the lower left.
On January 1, 2002, as part of a legislated amalgamation of cities across Quebec, Sillery ceased to exist as an independent municipality. Its territory became a part of the Sainte-Foy—Sillery—Cap-Rouge Borough of Quebec. Of the former municipalities that now comprise Quebec, Sillery was relatively linguistically diverse. In 2006, 4.95% of its population had at least English for mother tongue, and 5.75% for languages other than French or English, while for the census metropolitan area of Quebec City, it was respectively 1.75% and 2.93%.
Sillery is also known as one of the most affluent area of Quebec City, as residential properties sold on average for CA$570,000 in 2017, and where live a number of professors of nearby Laval University. Nonetheless, there is still a pocket of modest and small apartment buildings.
According to the statistics agency of Quebec, in 2001 the average income of Sillery households was CA$113,091, and 58% of them earned more than CA$80,000 per year (in both case the highest figure in the Capitale-Nationale region.) In 2012, the personal average income was CA$55,645, still the highest in the Quebec City region.
2006 Census data
- Population: 11,803 (-0.9% change since 2001)
- Number of private dwellings: 4,856
- Average household size : 2.3 persons
- Median household income (for 2005): CA$107,142
- Percentage of Canadian citizens: 94.15%
- Percentage of visible minority: 5%
- Population over 15 years of age without a certificate, diploma or degree: 8.06%
- Area: 6.7 km²
- Density: 1,761.3 persons per km²
2016 Sociodemographic and economic profile
In January 2019, the City of Québec published a longitudinal sociodemographic (French: sociodémographique) and economic profile of Sillery, utilizing Statistics Canada's census data for the years 1996, 2006, and 2016.
- Population: 13,570 (-3.3% change since 1996)
- Number of private dwellings: 5,625
- Average household size : 2.3 persons
- Median household income (for 2015): CA$149,206
- Percentage of Canadian citizens: 90.2%
- Population over 15 years of age without a certificate, diploma or degree: 6.1%
- Bois-de-Coulonge Park — former location of Government House
- Saint-Michel de Sillery Church
- Sillery Heritage Site
- Mount Hermon Cemetery
- The History of Emily Montague, a 1769 novel written and set in Sillery
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sillery (Quebec).|
- Official website (in French)
- Geographic data related to Sillery at OpenStreetMap
- "Ville de Québec - Carte mobile" [Interactive Map of the Sillery District] (in Canadian French). Ville de Québec.
- Rainville, Candide (2012-02-27). "Limite du quartier de Sillery" [Boundary Map of the Sillery Sector] (PDF). Conseil de quartier de Sillery (map provided as a citizen service by the Sillery Neighbourhood Council) (in Canadian French). Service de l'ingénierie, Division de l'arpentage et de la cartographie. Ville de Québec.
- "Conseil de quartier de Sillery Facebook Page" [Sillery Neighbourhood Council]. Facebook.com.
- Sillery – ERKFD – Geographic Names. Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation, Earth Sciences Sector, Natural Resources Canada, Government of Canada. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- "ERKFD, Sillery, Geographic Names, HTML format". geogratis.gc.ca (HTML). Toponymic Feature ID: 0fdc1466849c20c35a6e85f5c35a79c2. Natural Resources Canada. 2016-10-06 [2002 Decision Date, Quebec Commission de Toponymie]. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
Status: Official; Feature Type: Unincorporated place; Feature Generic: Administrative Sector; Location: Québec, Québec.
- "Sillery". GeoNames.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- Gentilé : nom des habitants d'un lieu — Résultat de la recherche. Commission de toponymie de Québec (in French). Archived from the original on 2018-12-05. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- Service de la planification de l'aménagement et de l'environnement – Ville de Québec (January 2019). Quartier Sillery: Portrait sociodémographique et économique [Sillery Quarter: Sociodemographic and economic profile] (PDF) (in Canadian French). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- Miquelon, Dale; Parrott, Zach (2015-05-26). "Sillery". The Canadian Encyclopedia. ISBN 978-0-77102-099-5. OCLC 904169186. OL 8533423W. Archived from the original on 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge – Portrait – Géographie – À propos de la ville. Ville de Québec (in Canadian French). 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-10-07. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
- "Site patrimonial de Sillery — Fiche de l'élément — Répertoire du patrimoine culturel du Québec". ministère de la Culture et des Communications (in Canadian French). Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
- Arrondissement historique de Sillery. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
- "Tous les conseils de quartier". Ville.Quebec.qc.ca (in Canadian French). Archived from the original on 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- "Conseil de quartier de Sillery". Ville.Quebec.qc.ca (in Canadian French). Archived from the original on 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- Lapointe, Pierre Louis (2015-03-04). Sillery (Qué). The Canadian Encyclopedia. ISBN 978-0-77102-099-5. OCLC 904169186. OL 8533423W. Archived from the original on 2018-10-03. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- Lozier, Jean-François (2018). Flesh reborn : the Saint Lawrence Valley mission settlements through the seventeenth century. McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 978-0-7735-5345-3. OCLC 1027048600.
- Michael Henry Perceval (vers 1779-1829) – Histoire. Assemblée nationale du Québec (in Canadian French). Archived from the original on 2018-11-03. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- L'histoire du Parc du Bois-de-Coulonge un parc public – Parc historique – Parc du Bois-de-Coulonge – Parcs – Parcs et places publiques – Commission de la capitale nationale du Québec. Commission de la capitale nationale du Québec (in Canadian French). Archived from the original on 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- St-Michel de Sillery Church – Our Churches. Corporation du patrimoine et du tourisme religieux de Québec. Archived from the original on 2018-10-11. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- "Sillery 2006 Community Profile". Statistics Canada. Archived from the original on 2018-11-18. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- "Census metropolitan area of Quebec 2006 Community Profile". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- Talbot, Dominique (2016-02-27). "" La crème de la crème à Québec " - La Presse+". La Presse+ (in Canadian French). Archived from the original on 2018-11-03. Retrieved 2018-11-02.
- "Arrondissement de Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge: Habitats, milieux de vie et participation sociale des aînés : constats et perspectives" (PDF) (in French). Institut sur le vieillissement et la participation sociale des aînés de l’Université Laval Institut sur le vieillissement et la participation sociale des aînés de l’Université Laval. 2014. p. 4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-11-16. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- Québec, Institut de la Statistique du. "Familles de recensement selon la tranche de revenu et le revenu moyen, région administrative de la Capitale-Nationale, 2000". www.stat.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Archived from the original on 2018-11-03. Retrieved 2018-11-02.
- "Profil territorial de Québec" (PDF) (in French). Centraide (United Way of Canada). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-11-17. Retrieved 2018-11-16.