Silme Domingo

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Silme Domingo
Born(1952-01-25)January 25, 1952
DiedJune 2, 1981(1981-06-02) (aged 29)
OccupationLabor activist
Spouse(s)Terry Mast
ChildrenTwo; Ligaya and Kalayaan

Silme Domingo was a Filipino American labor activist. With Gene Viernes, he was murdered in Seattle on June 1, 1981 while attempting to reform the Local 37 of the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU).

Biography[edit]

Silme Domingo was born in Killeen, Texas, on January 25, 1952 as one of the five children of Nemesio and Adelina Domingo. He grew up in Texas and his family moved to Seattle in 1960. Silme attended Ballard High School and graduated with honors from the University of Washington, where he was a student activist. He participated in the effort during the 1970s to save Seattle's International District, and in 1974 joined the Union of Democratic Filipinos (KDP) and established the Seattle KDP chapter, which organized the first protest in Seattle against the Ferdinand Marcos dictatorship. Domingo was co-founder of the Alaska Cannery Workers Association, a civil rights organization that pursued legal action against the discriminatory practices of Alaska canneries, in which Filipino American, Anglo American, and indigenous workers were paid, treated, and housed differently based on their race. Along with his fellow organizer and friend Gene Viernes, Domingo was elected as on officer in Seattle's Cannery Workers and Farm Laborers Union, Local 37 on an anti-corruption, union democracy platform. He was survived by two children, Ligaya and Kalayaan.[1]

Assassination[edit]

Silme Domingo and Gene Viernes were officers and reformers in Local 37 of the International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union (ILWU). They were elected on a reform platform as officers of ILWU Local 37 — to end corruption and bribery in the union. Domingo and Viernes were both shot on the afternoon of June 1, 1981 inside the Local 37 offices in Pioneer Square in downtown Seattle. Viernes died on the spot. Domingo, shot four times in the abdomen, managed to struggle to the street. The union hall was only a block from a fire station; two firefighters arrived within minutes, and Domingo managed to tell them the names of the killers, "Guloy and Ramil".[2]

Taken to Harborview Medical Center, Domingo underwent multiple operations, but died the next day.[3] Pompeyo Benito Guloy and Jimmy Bulosan Ramil, both members of Local 37 and of the Tulisan gang, were found guilty of first degree murder and sentenced to life in prison.[4] During the investigation, the murders were further linked to Fortunato “Tony” Dictado, leader of the Tulisans.[5]

The murders were originally thought to be an isolated act of violence, but friends and family organized a Committee for Justice for Domingo and Viernes (CJDV) eventually linking the murders to Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and his wife Imelda, finding that they had ordered the murders in retaliation for the victims’ anti-Marcos organizing. In 1989, and a federal jury agreed with the CJDV, finding Marcos guilty of the murders.[6][7][8]

In 1991, former Local 37 president Constantine “Tony” Baruso (1928-2008) — a supporter of the Marcos regime — was also found guilty of aggravated first-degree murder in the death of Viernes but not Domingo.[9]

Legacy[edit]

In 2011, the Inlandboatmen's Union, Region 37, created an annual scholarship to honor the memory of Domingo and Viernes. The scholarship is available via the Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies, University of Washington.[10][11]

Silme Domingo and his fellow Local 37 labor activist Gene Viernes were among the 14 Marcos Martial Law era martyrs to be honored at the Bantayog ng mga Bayani memorial wall on November 30, 2011.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historylink.org". Filipino labor activists Gene Viernes and Silme Domingo are slain in Seattle on June 1, 1981. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  2. ^ Withey 2018, pp. 9, 12-14.
  3. ^ Withey 2018, pp. 17-38.
  4. ^ Withey 2018, pp. 24-28, 127.
  5. ^ Withey 2018, pp. 26, 125, 150-153.
  6. ^ Stevens, Jeff (June 1, 2011). "June 1, 1981: Domingo and Viernes". Radical Seattle Remembers. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  7. ^ "Marcoses Ruled Liable In Murders". Chicago Tribune. Knight-Ridder Newspapers. December 17, 1989. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Marcos Allies Held Liable in Deaths of Foes". New York Times. Associated Press. January 13, 1990. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  9. ^ ""Tony" Baruso, former union president convicted of murder, dies in prison | The Seattle Times". Retrieved 2015-04-25.
  10. ^ Wojtanik, Robin. "Wapato Student Received Inaugural Scholarship". KIMATV.com. Archived from the original on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  11. ^ "Silme Domingo & Gene Viernes Scholarship in Labor Studies". The Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies. University of Washington. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  12. ^ "14 martyrs for freedom honored today – Bantayog ng mga Bayani". Bantayog ng mga Bayani. 2011-11-30. Retrieved 2018-09-25.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Archival sources[edit]