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Silopi is located in Turkey
Coordinates: 37°16′0″N 42°29′0″E / 37.26667°N 42.48333°E / 37.26667; 42.48333Coordinates: 37°16′0″N 42°29′0″E / 37.26667°N 42.48333°E / 37.26667; 42.48333
 • MayorAdalet Fidan ([[Peoples' Democratic Party (Turkey) |HDP]])
 • KaymakamSezer Işiktaş
 • District730.29 km2 (281.97 sq mi)
 • Urban
 • District
 • District density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Post code
Districts of Şırnak

Silopi is a city and district of Şırnak Province in Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, close to the borders of Iraq and Syria. The district, composed of Silopi center, 3 depending townships with own municipalities and 23 villages has an urban population of 73,400 (2009 census).[3]The current mayor is Adalet Fidan.[4]

The Habur frontier gate, the only major crossing between Turkey and Iraq, is situated within the district of Silopi and is a decisive factor in the region's economy, both in Turkey and in beyond the Iraqi border. Queues of lorries waiting for customs and security clearance that sometimes reach a few dozens of kilometers on the motorway connecting the two countries are a common sight. The Khabur River, which carries the same name as the frontier gate, crosses in the district territory and joins the Tigris here. The Kirkuk-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline also crosses the district.

On August 7, 2015, clashes between Turkish security forces and the Kurdish militant PKK group may have killed three people. Government reports claimed "terrorists" were killed,[5][6] while pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party lawmaker Faysal Sarıyıldız [fr] said that the casualties were civilians and that he had seen no sign of armed militants, according to Reuters.[7] Conflict between PKK and the Turkish government in this region has escalated since late July 2015.


On 14 December, Turkish authorities placed the city of Silopi under 'curfew', between 14 December 2015 – 4 January 2016, according to Peoples' Democratic Party (Turkey), 20 people have been killed. Since July 2015, 34 people have been killed in Silopi.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Şırnak Silopi Seçim Sonuçları - 31 Mart 2019 Yerel Seçimleri". Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Three killed in clashes in southeastern town of Silopi". Today's Zaman. 7 August 2015. Archived from the original on 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  6. ^ "PKK terrorists clash with armed forces in Turkey's southeastern Silopi, three terrorists killed". Daily Sabah. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Five killed in clashes between Turkish forces, Kurdish rebels". Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  8. ^

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