Sils im Domleschg

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Sils im Domleschg
Sils im Domleschg (foreground)
Sils im Domleschg (foreground)
Coat of arms of Sils im Domleschg
Coat of arms
Sils im Domleschg is located in Switzerland
Sils im Domleschg
Sils im Domleschg
Sils im Domleschg is located in Canton of Graubünden
Sils im Domleschg
Sils im Domleschg
Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°27′E / 46.700°N 9.450°E / 46.700; 9.450Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°27′E / 46.700°N 9.450°E / 46.700; 9.450
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Government
 • Mayor Rudolf Hans Künzler
Area[1]
 • Total 9.32 km2 (3.60 sq mi)
Elevation 633 m (2,077 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 927
 • Density 99/km2 (260/sq mi)
Postal code 7411
SFOS number 3640
Surrounded by Fürstenau, Mutten, Rongellen, Scharans, Thusis, Vaz/Obervaz, Zillis-Reischen
Website www.sils-id.ch
SFSO statistics

Sils im Domleschg (Romansh: Seglias) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Sils im Domleschg is first mentioned in 1149 as de Sillas.[3]

Geography[edit]

Hinterrhine river near Sils im Domleschg, with Hohen Rätien in the background

Sils im Domleschg has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 9.32 km2 (3.60 sq mi).[1] Of this area, about 14.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 70.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 8.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and 6.9% is unproductive land.

In the 2004/09 survey a total of 35 ha (86 acres) or about 3.8% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 4 ha (9.9 acres) over the 1984/85 amount. Of the agricultural land, 5 ha (12 acres) is used for orchards and vineyards, 78 ha (190 acres) is fields and grasslands and 64 ha (160 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1984/85 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 7 ha (17 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 11 ha (27 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 11 ha (27 acres) in the municipality.[4][5]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Domleschg sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[6] It is a linear village between the Albula and Hinterrhein rivers. It consists of the village of Sils im Domleschg and the hamlets of Freihof, Campi and Albula.

Demographics[edit]

Sils im Domleschg has a population (as of December 2015) of 927.[2] As of 2014, 16.3% of the population are resident foreign nationals. In 2015 a small minority (50 or 5.4% of the population) was born in Portugal.[7] Over the last 4 years (2010-2014) the population has changed at a rate of 5.60%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2014, was 11.0, while the death rate was 5.5 per thousand residents.[5]

As of 2014, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 21.5% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 58.1% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 20.3%.[5] In 2015 there were 365 single residents, 444 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 50 widows or widowers and 68 divorced residents.[8]

In 2014 there were 387 private households in Sils im Domleschg with an average household size of 2.36 persons. Of the 214 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 50.0% were single family homes and 32.7% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 28.0% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 15.9% were built between 1991 and 2000.[9] In 2013 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 7.82. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2015, was 2.37%.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][10]

year population
1803 277
1850 295
1900 621
1910 541
1950 590
1960 737
1970 762
1980 826
1990 794
2000 880

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (86.8%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common (3.3%) and Italian being third (2.8%).[11]

Languages in Sils im Domleschg
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 612 74.09% 646 81.36% 764 86.82%
Romansh 56 6.78% 34 4.28% 14 1.59%
Italian 104 12.59% 60 7.56% 25 2.84%
Population 826 100% 794 100% 880 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Ehrenfels Castle, Carschenna (pre-historic petroglyphs), the ruins of Hohenrätien Castle and the ruins of Campell or Campi Castle are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[12]

Politics[edit]

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP with 35.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the BDP (20.1%), the SP (15.1%) and the FDP (12.7%). In the federal election, a total of 287 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 45.9%. The 2015 election saw a large change in the voting when compared to 2011. The percentage of the vote received by the SVP increased from 27.8% in 2011 to 35.8% in 2015, while the percentage that the BDP dropped from 31.1% to 20.1%.[13]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 43.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (27.4%), the FDP (19.7%) and the CVP (8.1%).[11]

Education[edit]

In Sils im Domleschg about 73.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[11]

Economy[edit]

Sils im Domleschg is an industrial-tertiary municipality, a municipality where agriculture and manufacturing play a minor role in the economy.[14]

As of 2014, there were a total of 287 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 14 people worked in 6 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 160 workers in 21 separate businesses. A minority (25.6%) of the secondary sector employees worked in very small businesses. There were 5 small businesses with a total of 119 employees. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 113 jobs in 42 businesses.[15] In 2014 a total of 7.8% of the population received social assistance.[5]

Religion[edit]

Church in Sils im Domleschg

From the 2000 census, 700 or 33.0% are Roman Catholic, while 1,176 or 55.4% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 43 individuals (or about 2.03% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 13 individuals (or about 0.61% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 21 (or about 0.99% of the population) who are Muslim. There was 1 individual (or about 0.05% of the population) who belonged to another church (not listed on the census), 97 (or about 4.57% of the population) who belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 71 individuals (or about 3.35% of the population) who did not answer the question.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Sils im Domleschg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ "Arealstatistik Land Use - Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen". http://www.landuse-stat.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.  External link in |website= (help)
  5. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits accessed 27 October 2016
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  7. ^ Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (Land) accessed 31 October 2016
  8. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort (German) accessed 8 September 2016
  9. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Thema 09 - Bau- und Wohnungswesen (German) accessed 5 May 2016
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 27 April 2016
  11. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 5 October 2009
  12. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 05-Oct-2009
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden (German) accessed 18 July 2016
  14. ^ "Die Raumgliederungen der Schweiz 2016" (in German, French, Italian, and English). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 17 February 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  15. ^ Federal Statistical Office -Arbeitsstätten und Beschäftigte nach Gemeinde, Wirtschaftssektor und Grössenklasse accessed 31 October 2016
  16. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009


External links[edit]